Sei sulla pagina 1di 19

CHAPTER 23

Last Trip Abroad, ( 1896 )


 AUGUST 1, 1896
 Rizal anchored at Dumaguete-capital
of Negros Oriental.

Rizal his travel diary


“ spreads out on the beach. There are
big houses, some with galvanized iron
roofing. Outside are the house of a lady,
whose name I have forgotten, which is
occupied by the government and the
another one just begun with many ipil
posts.”
RIZAL VISITED A FRIEND AND FORMER CLASSMATE,
HERRERO REGIDOR AND RUFINA FAMILY

Dumaguete to Cebu
 Rizal was fascinated by
the entrance to Cebu which he
considered “beautiful”.
HE WROTE IN HIS DIARY:
“ I DID TWO OPERATIONS OF
STRABOTOMY, ONE OPERATION ON
THE EARS AND ANOTHER OF TUMOR.”
 August 3, 1896
Cebu to Iloilo
“ The voyage was fine. At the right we
saw Mactan an Island famous for what
happened to Magellan. The whole afternoon
was magnificient….we saw many isalnds along
our way…the next day, in the morning, we
entered Iloilo….Rizal landed at Iloilo, went
shopping in the city and visited Molo.
OF THE MOLO CHURCH HE COMMENTED:
“ THE CHURCH IS PRETTY OUTSIDE AND THE INTERIOR IS
NOT BAD, CONSIDERING THAT IT HAD BEEN PAINTED BY A
LAD. THE PAINTING ARE MOSTLY COPIES OF BIBLICAL SCENE
BY GUSTAVE DORE.”

From Iloilo,Rizal’s ship sailed to Capiz


 After a brief stopover, it proceed towards
Romblon until to proceeding to Manila.
AUGUST 6, 1896
 He missed the regular steamer Isla de Luzon, which sailed to
Spain the day before he arrived in Manila Bay.

While waiting for the next ship for Spain,


Rizal was kept as a “guest”
on the board the Spanish cruiser Castilla
PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION
STARTED
• Fray Mariano Gil – discovered the secret society (
Katipunan ) and reported to the Spanish
authorities.
• August 26, 1896 – Andres Bonifacio and the
Katipunan raised and cry of revolution in the hills of
Balintawak. The Cry of Balintawak was
when Bonafacio and the
Katipunan tore their
 August 30
residence cards, or I.D.
the revolutionists led by Bonifacio and Jacinto cards.
attacked San Juan, near the city of Manila, but they
were repulsed with heavy losses.
 Governor General Blanco proclaimed a state of a
war ibn the first eight provinces for rising in arms
against Spain-Manila ( as a province ), Bulacan,
Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Pampanga, Nueva
Ecija and Tarlac.
DEPARTURE FOR SPAIN
 These were letter of introduction to the Minister
of War and Colonies.

 The day before his departure, he wrote to his


mother.
SEPTEMBER 2, 1896
- RIZAL TRANSFERRED TO THE STEAMER ISLA DE PANAY WHICH
WAS SAILING FOR BARCELONA, SPAIN
September 3, 1896
- The steamer left Manila Bay
At last, Rizal’s last trip to Spain begun
September 7, 1896
- The Isla de Pany arrived at Singapore.
Rizal wrote:
“ I have observed some changes, there more Chinese
merchants and less Indians.. I bought a Chinese gown, Singapore
has changed much since I saw for the first time in 1882.
 Don Pedro advised Rizal to stay behind
too and take advantage of the protection
of the British, law.
 Rizal ignored it foe he believed that the
Gov. Gen. has a word of honor.
 Don Manuel Camus and several Filipino
residents of Singapore to save his life.
VICTIM OF SPANISH DUPLICITY

 By refusing to break his word of honor in Singapore, Rizal


sealed his own doom.
 for without his knowledge, Governor Blanco was
secretly conspiring with the Minister of War and the
Colonies for his destruction.
• General Gen. Blanco, together with the Ministers of
Colonies and War exchange telegrams an confidential
messages for the arrest of Rizal upon reaching the
Barcelona and that he was a deportee and was being
secretly kept under surveillance
RIZAL ARRESTED BEFORE
REACHING BARCELONA
 September 8, 1:00 p.m.
The Isla de Panay, with Rizal
onboard, left Singapore, unaware of the
Spanish duplicity particularly of Governor
General Blanco’s infernal deceit, he
happily continued the voyage towards
Barcelona.
 September 25, 1896
He saw steamer Isla de Luzon, leaving the
Suez Canal with Spanish troops.
 September 27, 1896
He heard from the passengers that a telegram
arrived from the Manila reporting execution of Francisco
Roxas Genato and Osorio

 September 28, 1896


A passenger told Rizal the bad news that he would be
arrested by order of Governor General Blanco and
would be sent a prison in Cueta ( Spanish Morocco),
opposite Gibraltar.
SHOCKED BY THE NEWS, RIZAL
REALIZED THAT HE WAS BEING DUPED

“ there was nothing official yet about impending


arrest; it was still merely shipboard gossip. There
are people on board who do nothing but slander
me and invent fanciful stories about me. I’m
going to become a legendary personage.”
• September 30, 1896 ( at 4.00 p.m. )
• he was officially notified by Captain Alemany
that he should stay in his cabin until; further
orders from Manila.
• 6:25 p.pm. – arrived in Barcelona as prisoner.
OCTOBER 3, 1896
The Isla de Panay arrived in Barcelona. With
Rizal a Prisoner on board.

• Rizal was confined in his cabin


• He was arrested by former Gov. Gen. Eulogio
Despujol, the man who placed him in exile in
Dapitan now serving as the Military Commander
of Barcelona.
• October 4
• Rizal noticed the city’s celebration of the feast
day of St. Francis of Assisi.

• October 6, Rizal was escorted to the prison fortress


named Monjuich- an infamous fortress in Madrid

• After his stay at Monjuich, he was transferred to a


ship named Colon. Rizal was aboard the Colon
which was full of soldiers and officers. On October
6, 8:00 p.m., the ship left Barcelona.
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!!!!

PREPARED BY:

CASTILLO, AIJANE
[ BSBA III-A ]