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PSYCHOLOGICA

L ASSESSMENT
ON CHILDREN
WITH SPECIAL
NEEDS
Attention-deficit Hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD)
PSYCHOLOGICAL
ASSESSMENT ON CHILDREN
WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
KSP OR “KULANG SA
PANSIN!”

KSP or kulang sa pansin is a colloquial term for someone who is perceived to


be lacking in attention. We always hear or utter this phrase when we notice
someone such as a child who does not follow a standard, norm, etiquette or
good manners and right conduct.

Now, that phrase has already evolved. When somebody shows off, we say
“He may have ADHD or ADD.”
ATTENTION-DEFICIT
HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD)
 is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder that can have a profound impact at
school,and in the workplace, as well as an impact on relationships.As a consequence,
the quality of life of individuals with ADHD, and that of the people around them, can be
impaired.
TYPES OF ADHD AND SOME
MANIFESTATIONS
 Inactive
 Difficulty with details
 Can’t follow instructions
 Avoids activities that entails mental effort
 Easily distracted
 Forgetful with daily tasks
 Easily loses things like toys, notebooks, and homework

 Hyperactive-Impulsive
 Either fond of playing or quite shy
 Difficulty in staying in one place
 Loud when playing
 Answers question even if not being asked
 Exhibits impatience in waiting

 Combination of Inactive and Hyperactive-Impulses


HOW WOULD YOU CONFIRM
IF IT IS ADHD?
 First, the child must exhibit signs and symptoms of hyperactivity and or
inattention impulsivity for a minimum of 6 months or more. Signs and
symptoms should be present before the age of 7 and the signs and
symptoms should cause significant impairment in at least 2 settings, home
and school.
PSYCHOLOGICAL
ASSESSMENT
 a psychological assessment, which may also be called a cognitive assessment,
will be conducted by a school psychologist. A school psychologist is a professional
that is trained to work with school aged children and adolescents, and has gained
specific training in assessing students in order to gain information that guides
appropriate educational decision making.
CHILD BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST
 This type of assessment relies on the input of the parent or the guardian and
primarily focuses on the child’s behavior, especially one who is suffering from
ADHD or ADD.
 The assessment, which is applicable for children from preschool age to young
adulthood, is supposed to quantify social competencies.
CHILD BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST

 A variety of rating scales are available to help assess the impact of ADHD on multiple aspects of
patient well-being, including symptoms, overall functioning and quality of life.
 Rating scales may either be completed by parents, teachers or the patient themselves,
depending on which scale is chosen, and are considered to be an essential part of the full
assessment process for ADHD.
 Formal diagnosis is made when the nature, frequency and duration of the patient’s symptoms
fulfil the criteria set out in one of two medical classification systems: the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5th edition (DSM-5TM)
ESTIMATED NUMBER OF
CHILDREN WHO EVER HAD
ADHD
 The percent of children estimated to have ADHD has changed over time and its
measurement can vary. The American Psychiatric Association states in the
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5, 2013) that 5% of
children have ADHD. However, other studies in the US have estimated higher
rates in community samples.
 In 2016:
 The estimated number of children and adolescents ever diagnosed with ADHD,
according to parent report, was consistent with previous estimates from the
National Survey of Children’s Health.
PREVALENCE GRAPH
STATISTICS FROM THE
ADHD SOCIETY OF
CHILDREN IN THE
PHILIPPINES
Experts say ADHD is more common in men than women. To provide an overview
that the condition   isn’t as rare as is commonly believed
 80% of adolescents have the symptoms
 60% of adults show the symptoms
 40%-50% of children with ADHD have learning disabilities
 30%-50% of children with ADHD engage in disorderly conduct and exhibits signs
of anti-social behavior
 35% of children with ADHD do not finish high school
 25% of children with ADHD oftentimes fight with other kids
 20% to 25% of children experience hyperactivity
 3-5% of the world population has ADHD
THANK YOU! �