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USES of Minerals

See “Rocks and Minerals: What’s


Their Use?” sheet
Uses of MINERALS
• Sulfur • Copper
– matches; fertilizer; – pennies (with zinc);
sulfuric acid wires; plumbing;
• Gypsum cooking pots; alloys
(brass and bronze)
– drywall; plaster; • Mica
cement – paints, cosmetics;
• (Feldspar) soap; electronics
– porcelain, ceramic • Diamond
glaze; pottery; – jewelry; drills;
china abrasives
• Aluminum/Bauxite • Silver
– cans; pots; planes; – coins; coating on
film; mirrors;
foil; deodorant; jewelry, tableware
antacids
More uses of MINERALS
• Halite • Galena
– table salt; food – lead (batteries for ex)
preservation • Quartz
• Graphite – glass; computer chips;
paint; laundry
– pencil; lubricant; detergent; watches;
tennis racket non-stick cooking
surfaces
• Fluorite • Talc
– toothpaste; – powder, ceramics;
drinking water paint; paper; plastics;
• Gold cosmetics
– fillings for teeth; • Emery (corundum)
jewelry; – nail files
electronics; • Cinnabar
computers – mercury
Uses of ROCKS

• (Rock salt) • Granite


– rock version of – tomb stones;
countertops; and
halite (salt); some buildings
highway de-icing • Coal
• Clay – fossil fuel (energy)
– bricks, pottery; – rock that is burned to
paper makes electricity
• Tools Uses of igneous rocks:
– ex: (obsidian) used by
Native Americans to make
tools for cutting and
scraping
• Building materials
– ex: granite
• Cleaning and polishing
– ex: pumice used to
smooth feet
Uses of Sedimentary Rocks
• Sandstone • Limestone
– flooring – building materials
– concrete – making cement
– building materials
– chalk
– ex: White House in
D.C.
Uses of Metamorphic Rock
• Marble • Slate
– expensive buildings & – flooring
floors
– statues – roofing
– furniture – outdoor walkways
– (Taj Mahal in India) – chalkboards
Some minerals are metals
– aluminum, iron,
copper, silver
– stretched into
wire
– flattened into
sheets
– hammered or
molded without
breaking
– steel (from iron
ore) for framing
 (enrich)
GEMSTONES
– Ex: rubies and
sapphires
– hard, colorful
minerals with
brilliant or glassy
luster
– rare
– mainly used for
jewelry and
decorations
Review ch 3-3 USES
• Observe common objects made of minerals.
(website)
Now it’s time to do performance task #1…