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ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 vs A320

May 2012 1
ENGINEERING
EVALUATION

1. B737-300 REPLACEMENT
2. TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
3. CARGO CAPACITY
4. SEATING / CABIN CONFIGURATION
5. AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE
6. MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
7. PASSAANGER COMFORT
8. AIRFRAME SYSTEMS
9. POWERPLANT / APU
10. AVIONICS SYSTEMS
11. MAINTENANCE COST

May 2012 2
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

• At present, there are seven B737-300 Aircraft operating


in PIA fleet.

• Average age of these Aircraft is approximately 26 years


(except AP-BEH which is approximately 20 years old).

• Following Aircraft are being evaluated as replacement


option for the existing B737-300 Classic.

1. Airbus A320
2. Boeing 737-800

May 2012 3
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Technical
Characteristics

May 2012 4
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-300 B737-800 A320

Usable Fuel Capacity 5,360 U.S Gallons 6,875 U.S Gallons 6,302 U.S Gallons

Maximum Range 1,635 nautical miles 3,060 nautical miles 2,830 nautical miles

Maximum Cruise Altitude 37,000 feet 41,000 feet 39,000 feet

Engines CFM56-3 CFM56-7 CFM56-5 or


IAE V2500
Maximum Taxi Weight 125,000 lbs 174,700 lbs 169,921 lbs

Maximum Takeoff Weight 124,500 lbs 174,200 lbs 162,040 lbs

Maximum Landing Weight 114,000 lbs 146,300 lbs 142,198 lbs

Maximum Zero-Fuel Weight 105,000 lbs 138,300 lbs 134,482 lbs

Manufacturer Empty Weight 65,700 lbs 84,850 lbs 82,995 lbs (CFM)
83,196 lbs (IAE)

May 2012 5
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Cargo Capacity

May 2012 6
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-300 B737-800 A320


Forward Cargo 425 cubic feet 672 cubic feet 469 cubic feet
Compartment
Aft Cargo 643 cubic feet 883 cubic feet 645 cubic feet
Compartment
Bulk Cargo --- --- 208 cubic feet

Total Cargo 1,068 cubic feet 1,555 cubic feet (Bulk) 1,322 cubic feet (Bulk)
Capacity 1,426 cubic feet with 1,048 cubic feet with
mechanized loading containerized loading
system system
Baggage Capacity 9.0 cubic feet 9.8 cubic feet 9.0 cubic feet
Per Passenger

• B737-800 offers more overall cargo capacity than A320


• A320 has containerized loading system using LD3 containers.

May 2012 7
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320
Forward Cargo Door 48 inches wide by 35 71.5 inches wide by 48.3
inches high inches high
Aft Cargo Door 48 inches wide by 33 71.5 inches wide by 48.3
inches high inches high
Bulk Cargo --- 37 inches wide by 34
inches high

• Bigger Cargo Doors on A320 – An advantage

• Outward opening Cargo Doors on A320 – An advantage

• Inward opening Cargo Doors on B737-800 – Restriction during loading

• No separate Bulk Cargo Door on B737-800 – Disadvantage

• Manual loading without any GSE can be done on B737-800, whereas cargo loading
without GSE is not possible due to height of cargo doors on A320.

May 2012 8
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

The optional center overhead stowage on B737-800 can be used to


Store life rafts, emergency equipment, pillows, blankets, etc. This helps
Increase the space available to passengers in the overhead stowage bins.

Center overhead stowage bins are not offerable on A32O Aircraft.

May 2012 9
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Seating / Cabin
Configuration

May 2012 10
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-300 B737-800 A320

24 EY Plus Seats @ 36 inch pitch 20 BC Seats @ 36 inch pitch 20 BC Seats @ 37 inch pitch
Two Class 94 EY Seats @ 32inch pitch 138 EY Seats @ 32inch pitch 126 EY Seats @ 32inch pitch
Arrangement
Total = 118 Seats Total = 158 Seats Total = 146 Seats

02 C/A – Forward Cabin 02 C/A – Forward Cabin 02 C/A – Forward Cabin


Cabin 04 C/A – Aft Cabin 04 C/A – Aft Cabin 04 C/A – Aft Cabin
Attendants
Total = 06 C/A Seats Total = 06 C/A Seats Total = 06 C/A Seats

May 2012 11
A320 – LOPA

May 2012 12
B737-800 – LOPA

May 2012 13
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Class Carts Cart Lavatory Attendant


(%) (Qty) Ratio Ratio Ratio
(pass/cart) (pass/lav) (pass/attd)

B737-800 12.66 6.5 3.1 20 -


Business
A320 13.7 4.0 5.0 20 -

B737-800 87.34 5.0 27.7 44 -


Economy
A320 86.3 7.0 18.0 63 -

B737-800 - 11.5 13.7 - 26


Total
A320 - 11.0 13.0 - 24

May 2012 14
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Aircraft Structure

May 2012 15
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Operating Empty 91,092 Lbs 93,500 Lbs


Weight Two Class Configuration Two Class Configuration
12 FC + 150 EY = 162 Seats 12 FC + 138 EY = 150 Seats

Structural Weight 562.30 Lbs 623.30 Lbs


Per Seat

The A320 requires 10% additional pounds of structure per seat compared to
B737-800. The results are higher maintenance cost, fuel cost, landing fees,
and other weight related costs.

May 2012 16
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Maintenance Program

May 2012 17
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Maintenance MSG-3, Revision – 2 MSG-3, Revision – 2


Program (1993) (1993)

May 2012 18
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Minor Check 500 FH 600 FH


(A-Check equivalent)

Major Check 6000 FH 6000 FH


(C-Check equivalent)
6 YEARS
Heavy Check 8 YEARS
(D-Check equivalent) 12 YEARS

Landing Gear 18,000 FC 20,000 FC


Overhaul

May 2012 19
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

C- D- C- 6 Yrs 12 Yrs
Check Check Check Check Check

Check Elapsed Time (Days) 04 15 04 15 29

Check Interval (Years) 1.9 8 1.9 6 12

Out of Service (Days per Year) 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.4

Average Out of Service (Days per Year)

NOTE: Calculated over a period of 20 3.5 5.0


years

May 2012 20
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Passenger Comfort

May 2012 21
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Fuselage Tapered fuselage cross Uniform cabin cross section


Cross-Section section in forward & aft allows to ensure same cabin width
less space for Business Class throughout the passenger
Passenger in forward zone. cabin.

Passenger Bigger passenger windows Passenger windows


Windows size 10” x 14” size 9” x 13”

Aisle Width Less aisle width More aisle width

May 2012 22
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 Seating Configuration

May 2012 23
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 Seating Configuration

May 2012 24
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737 vs A320 CABIN

May 2012 25
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

A320 – Wider Aisle

May 2012 26
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Airframe Systems

May 2012 27
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Heating / Ventilation of Not offerable Optional


Cargo Holds
ATA – 21 This option will enable
increased utilization of holds
e.g., carriage of live stock and
perishable goods.

May 2012 28
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Flight Controls Purely Mechanical Flight Electronic Fly-by-Wire Flight


ATA – 27 Controls on B737-800 – Controls on A320 – Require
Require more maintenance less maintenance, weight
(lubrication, tension savings, and safety / reliability
adjustments, leak checks, improvements.
fluid changes, etc.)

Blended Winglets B737-800 Aircraft offers Optional Blended Winglets will


ATA – 27 optional Blended Winglets to be offerable on A320 Aircraft
provide improved payload by the year 2007.
performance and range.

May 2012 29
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Fueling System Fueling rate of 500 U.S Fueling rate of 370 U.S
ATA – 28 Gallons / min – Require less Gallons / min – Require more
time for refueling. time for refueling.

Fuel Quantity Optional Basic


Preselector
ATA – 28

Fuel Capacity Usable Fuel Capacity of Usable Fuel Capacity of 6,302


ATA – 28 6,875 U.S Gallons. U.S Gallons.
ACTs – Not offerable ACTs – 02 ACTs offerable

May 2012 30
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Brakes Options 1. Carbon Brakes 1. Carbon Brakes only


ATA – 32 2. Steel Brakes

Brake temperature Optional Basic


monitoring System
ATA – 32

Brake Cooling Fan Not offerable Optional


ATA – 32 System provisions provided

May 2012 31
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Power Plant / APU

May 2012 32
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

APU Options 1. Honeywell only 1. Honeywell


ATA – 49 2. Hamilton Sundstrand

APU Operating Range APU starting up to 41,000 ft. APU starting up to 31,000 ft.
ATA – 49 90 KVA electrical load capability 90 KVA electrical load
up to 37,000 ft. capability up to 25,000 ft.
65 KVA electrical load capability
up to 41,000 ft.

May 2012 33
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Power Plant 1. CFM56-7B only 1. CFM56-5B


Options 2. V2500

Mature Shop Visit 0.09 per 1,000 EFH 0.08 per 1,000 EFH (CFM56-5B)
Rate 0.07 per 1,000 EFH (V2500)
(MSVR)

Engine Ground 18 inches 25 inches


Clearance

May 2012 34
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

• Latest versions of V2500 have shown slightly better on-


wing performance on A320 with comparable shop visit
rates as compared to latest CFM56-5B. However,
Maintenance cost for V2500 will be higher as compared
to CFM56-5B engine as per study provided by Airbus.

• The induction cost of CFM56-7B & -5B is predicted to be


lower as compared with V2500 due to similar core to
CFM56-3B (Although no support/data has been provided
by engine manufacturers as yet).

• Induction cost for CFM56-7B & CFM56-5B will be same.

May 2012 35
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

• CFM56-5B installed on A320 has 4-8% better Specific fuel consumption


because of larger nacelle as per CFMI Charts. This will have a
corresponding effect on shop visit rate.

May 2012 36
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Avionics Systems

May 2012 37
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Auto Flight Auto Cat II (Approach & Auto CAT III B basic certified.
ATA-22 Landing) basic certified. Same on PIA 777 aircraft.
Same on PIA 6 737-340 a/c. Automatic landing and roll out
(DH<200ft & RVR<1200ft). with
No Decision Height (DH) or
Partial Provision for Cat III B DH < 50ft.
with certification by FAA Runway Visual Range (RVR)
on cost. RVR < 700 ft.

Communications VHF Dual Installed as basic. VHF Triple Installed as basic.


ATA-23
3rd is offerable with 3rd can be used for ACARS.
additional cost.

May 2012 38
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320
Electronic Centralized Aircraft ECAM is installed as basic.
Aircraft Indicating and Monitoring ( ECAM) is not Used for system operation to
Recording System installed. display system data on System
ATA-31 Display(SD)&Engine Warning
Operational Abnormal Display (E/WD).
Procedures are available Data processing is fully
in”Manual” (AFM / FCOM). Automatic & Operational
assistance is for both normal
/abnormal situations.
A/C Condition Monitoring Sys Aircraft Integraded Data
Aircraft Indicating and (ACMS) offerable inplace of System(AIDS)
Recording System AIDS on cost. installed as basic.
ATA-31 ACMS enables operators to Used to record Engine, APU &
optimize their performance to other systems performance
reduce cost in areas as: and health analysis and
maintenace, flt ops, sys preventive maintenance
trouble shooting. actions.

May 2012 39
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Aircraft Indicating and Head UP Display (HUD) HUD not offerable.


Recording System Certified with additional cost.
ATA-31 HUD helps in low visibility take
offs, and CAT III approach and
landings.

Aircraft Indicating and Centralized Fault Data Centralized Fault Data


Recording System System(CFDS) is not installed. System(CFDS) is
ATA-31 installed.
Faults are corrected on ground CFDS centralizes failure
by BITE of Individual system. information which can be
corrected by BITE &
system tests on ground.
Also assists in trouble-
shooting the aircraft (in
addition to Log Book).
May 2012 40
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

Navigation Single FMS with 2 Standard Dual FMS with 2 MCDUs is


ATA-34 CDUs is installed. installed.
Provision is available for MCDU will also display
second FMC with MCDUs other systems like CFDS,
on additional cost. AIDS, ATSU(ACARS).
Can not fly over Indian Can fly over Indian ocean to
ocean to Far East with one Far East with dual FMC.
FMC.

Dual Air Data System Triple Air Data Sys (ADIRU)


Navigation (ADIRU) is installed. is installed.
ATA-34 System has more
3rd not offered. redundancy on oceanic
route like Far East.

May 2012 41
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

Maintenance Cost

May 2012 42
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

• Estimated Mature Maintenance Cost Estimates (Labor & Material)


US Dollars Per Flight Hour are based on Ground Rules provided
by PIA.

• Average Stage Length: 1.20 hrs


• Annual Utilization: 3200 FH
• Average De-rate: 28%
• Spare Engines: 02

• Engine Life Limited Parts are included in the study.

• Shipping & Handling / Contractor’s Surcharge are included in the


study.

• Maintenance Overheads are excluded in the study.

May 2012 43
ENGINEERING EVALUATION

B737-800 A320

AIRFRAME US $ 171.08 US $ 187.37

POWERPLANT US $ 310.77 US $ 309.80 (CFM56-5B)


US $ 364.32 (V2500)

TOTAL DIRECT US $ 481.85 US $ 497.17 (CFM56-5B)


MAINTENANCE COST US $ 551.69 (V2500)

May 2012 44
Advantages of A320 Family over 737 NG
• Redundancy in dispatch reliability due to more LRU QPA like 3
ADIRU (instead of 2 in 737) as improvement in dispatch Reliability.

• To handle abnormal procedure by electronically display (ECAM)


instead of manuals.

• Have centralized fault data system (CFDS) on one panel instead of


go to each LRU. Ease of Trouble shooting/improvement in dispatch
reliability.

• Flight controls are Fly by wire instead of mechanical control cables


to reduce weight and wear & tear of system.

May 2012