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Potassium is a

mineral that's crucial for


life. Potassium is
necessary for the heart,
kidneys, and other
organs to work
normally.
Potassium is used for
treating and preventing
low potassium levels. It
is also used to treat
high blood pressure
and prevent stroke.
Primary function
of potassium in
your body is to
serve as an
electrolyte.
Good to excellent sources
Food Group K+ mg/100 kcal, Examples
Leafy Greens 1,300, Spinach, lettuce, cabbage, kale
Fruit of vines 1,200, Tomato, cukes, zucchini, eggplant,
pumpkin
Root Veggies 975, Carrots, radishes, turnip, rutabaga,
onion
Beans & peas 500, Kidney, green & soy beans;
green & chick peas
Tree fruits 430, Apple,orange,banana,apricot,
grapes, strawberries
Tubers 400, Potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams
Milk & yogurt 350, Skim & whole milk or yogurts
Meats 230, Beef, lamb, pork, poultry, fish, rabbit
Nuts 110, Walnut, cashew, almonds, brazil,
fibert
Eggs & Cereal 90, All poultry eggs, wheat, rice, oats,
rye
Cheese & pecans 50, Edam, stilton, cheddar,
High-potassium foods (more
than 200 mg per serving):
• 1 medium banana (425)
• ½ of a papaya (390)
• ½ cup of prune juice (370)
• ¼ cup of raisins (270)
• 1 medium mango (325) or kiwi (240)
• 1 small orange (240) or ½ cup of orange juice
(235)
• ½ cup of cubed cantaloupe (215) or diced
honeydew melon (200)
• 1 medium pear (200)
Medium-potassium foods (50-200
mg per serving):
• 1 medium peach (185)
• 1 small apple or ½ cup of apple juice
(150)
• ½ cup of peaches canned in juice (120)
• ½ cup of canned pineapple (100)
• ½ cup of fresh, sliced strawberries
(125)
• ½ cup of watermelon (85)
Low-potassium foods (less than
50 mg per serving):

• ½ cup of cranberries (45)


or cranberry juice cocktail
(20)
• ½ cup of nectar of papaya,
mango, or pear (35)
RECOMMENDED LEVELS PER
AGE
Category Adequate Intake (AI)
CHILDREN
0-6 months 400 mg/day
7-12 months 700 mg/day
1-3 years 3,000 mg/day
4-8 years 3,800 mg/day
9-13 years 4,500 mg/day
14 years and up 4,700 mg/day
ADULTS
18 years and up 4,700 mg/day
Pregnant women 4,700 mg/day
Breastfeeding women 5,100 mg/day
Potassium Deficiency Diseases
 Cardiac Arrhythmias  Cushing's Syndrome
 Gitelman's  Conn's Syndrome
Syndrome  Hypokalemia
 Rhabdomyolysis  Flaccid Paralysis
 Hyporeflexia  Congestive Heart
 Bartter's Syndrome Failure
 Renal Tubular  Diabetic
Acidosis Complications
Flacid Paralysis
Conn's Syndrome
Excess Potassium Disorder
Hyperkalemia is caused by
excess potassium intake, impaired
potassium excretion, or
transcellular shifts.