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Muslim Civilization’s

Golden Age
Social and Economic Advances
Muslim leaders unite many
diverse cultures
Southeast Asians
International Trade Network
built by the Muslims
 Merchants were honored
in the Muslim culture
 They were seen as “God’s
trusted servants on Earth.”
 Camel caravans crossed
the Sahara.
 African, Muslim, Jewish
and Christian traders
traveled the Silk Road to
 Spread products,
knowledge and
 Arabic numerals
became well
known and
helped the global
exchange grow
and thrive.
New Business Practices for Muslims
 Created partnerships
 Bought and sold on
 Formed banks for
exchange of currency
 Invented bank checks
 New system of
Highly valued manufactured goods
 Manufacturing organized by guilds
 Regulated prices, methods of production and
the quality of the product.
 Produced steel swords from Damascus
leather goods from Cordoba
cotton textiles from Egypt
carpets from Persia
Agriculture thrives
 Muslim leaders extended agricultural land.
 Because of scarcity of water they had large
irrigation systems.
 Grew crops for food, made medicinal herbs and
grew flowers to sell.
Social structure of the Muslims
 Muslims had social mobility
 Could move up in social rank
by having religious, scholarly
and military achievements.
 Muslims did not enslave other Muslims, but they
would put people in slavery from conquered
 Slaves were mostly used as household servants.
Muslim Art, Literature and

A blending of traditions of
the many people under
Muslim rule
 The greatest work of Islamic literature is the
 The Quran banned the worship of idols so
artists were not allowed to portray God/human
figures in religious art.
 Poems encouraged the faithful to worship God
selflessly without hope of reward.
Persian Muslim writers
 Firdawsi- wrote Book of Kings which tells the
history of Persia.
 Omar Khayyam- Muslim scholar, astronomer
and writer.

 Later stories were about Aladdin and his Magic

Lamp and Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.
Religious Buildings
 Mosques and minarets
dominated Muslim
 Dome of the Rock in
Jerusalem (688 AD)
decorated with
elaborate patterns.
 Calligraphy is
perfected- art of
beautiful handwriting.
Muslims seek knowledge
 Boys and girls receive elementary education
which emphasized reading and writing
 Needed so everyone could read the Quran.
Center of learning
 Baghdad is the
greatest Muslim
center of learning.
 Advances in
philosophy, math
and medicine.
 They also translated
older texts into
Philosopher- Ibn Rushd
 Put all knowledge, except the Quran, to the test
of reason.
 His writings were translated into Latin and
would influence Christian scholars.
Arab thinker- Ibn Khaldun
 Set standards for the scientific study of history
 He stressed that economics and social structure
were the causes of historical events.
 Warned historians to watch for bias and
 Al-Khwarizmi-
pioneered algebra

 The original
Mr. K!!

 Physicians and pharmacists had

to pass tests to practice.
 Governments set up hospitals.

 Physicians traveled to the sick

and visited jails.
Muhammad al-Razi
 Head physician at Baghdad’s hospital.
 Researched measles and smallpox.
 Wanted doctors to “treat the mind as well as the
Persian physician- Ibn Sina
 Wrote an encyclopedia of what the Greeks,
Arabs and himself had learned about diagnosing
and treating diseases.
 Book includes many prescriptions.