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of Human Resource Development

Human Resource Development


Dr. Malik Muhammad Afzal

Learning Objectives

 Definition human resource development

 Process of HRD
 Aim of HRD
 Functions of HRD-Training & development
 Training & development-Coaching
 Training & development- Counselling

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What is
human resource development?

A human resource development is set of

planned and systematic activities
designed by an organization;

 To provide opportunities to its members to

learn skills
 Which are necessary for the present and
future job requirements.

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Process of HRD

The process of HRD involves;

 The development of expertise of the
 Organizational development &

 Training and development.

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Aim of HRD

“The aim of HRD is to improve the

performance of the employees.”

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Functions of HRD

There are three main functions of human

resource Development

A. Training and development

B. Organization development
C. Career development

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Functions of HRD
A. Training and development

The aim of training and development is

To improve the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the

 Training involves providing the knowledge and skills

required for a particular job.
 Developmental activities focus on preparing the

employees for future job responsibilities by increasing

their capabilities which also helps to perform the
present job in a better way.
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Functions of HRD
A. Training and development (Cont’d)

Developmental activities start from the joining of an

employee in the form of;
 orientation training

 skills training.

When employee becomes proficient/capable, HR

activities focus on the development of the employee
 Coaching

 Counseling

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What is Coaching?
Coaching is a technique of employee development
wherein a supervisor guides and instructs an employee
as a coach.

The coach (in consultation with the employee);

 Sets mutually agreed targets

 Suggests the ways by which employees can achieve

set targets
 Evaluates the progress of the employee periodically

 Advises required changes in performance and

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Main Characteristics of Coach

 Having good communication skills,

 Patient listener
 Able motivator
 Responsible to provide timely feedback to
employee regarding his improvement

Coaching works the best if coach provides a

model to employee, by which he can identify the
problem and its solutions.
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Advantages of Coaching

 It is a method of learning by doing.

 It provides a chance to an execute the job to
his subordinates, even there is no
development programme in the organization.
 It is also helpful in the orientation of new
executives and for developing their operative
 It provides frequent interaction between
employees and their supervisor.
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What is Counselling?
“Counselling is a process to help employee in an
understanding atmosphere through purposeful/focused

 Counselling refers to discuss employee’s problems

pertaining to their emotional state.

 Counselling tries to establish a helping relationship

between employee & supervisor; where employee can
express his feelings openly which in turn helps to solve
his problem more objectively.

 Ultimately, employees become capable of facing their

problems with lesser anxiety and tension. 12
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What is Counselling? (Cont’d)

 The counsellor should take care that

employees do not become dependent on them
but become independent in their problem solving.

 The aim of counselling is

to bring about a change in the habits of a person
and make them more satisfied with themselves.

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Difference between
Coaching & Counselling

Counselling and Coaching focus on two different time


Counselling looks at the past while Coaching looks at the


Both Counselling and Coaching focuses that;

How to make the present time a productive asset to
one’s life.

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The End

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