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Pantawid

Pamilyang
Pilipino
Program
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

 also known as 4P’s and formerly Ahon Pamilyang Pilipino

 is a conditional cash transfer program of the Philippine government


under the Department of Social Welfare and Development which
started in 2007

 is a human development program of the national government that


invests in the health and education of poor households, particularly
of children aged 0-18 years old.
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

 Patterned after the conditional cash transfer scheme implemented


in other developing countries, the Pantawid Pamilya provides cash
grants to beneficiaries provided that they comply with the set of
conditions required by the program.

 It is patterned on programs in other developing countries like Brazil


(Bolsa Familia) and Mexico (Oportunidades).
Conditional cash transfer (CCT)
Programs
 Aim to reduce poverty by making welfare programs conditional
upon the receivers' actions.

 The government (or a charity) only transfers the money to persons


who meet certain criteria.

 These criteria may include enrolling children into public schools,


getting regular check-ups at the doctor's office, receiving
vaccinations, or the like.
Conditional cash transfer (CCT)
Programs
 CCTs seek to help the current generation in poverty, as well as
breaking the cycle of poverty for the next through the development
of human capital.

 Conditional cash transfers could help reduce feminization of


poverty.
Objectives of 4P’s

1. Social assistance: to provide cash assistance to the poor to


alleviate their immediate need (short term poverty alleviation).

2. Social development: by investing in capability building they will be


able to break intergenerational poverty cycle.
Eligibility

 The poorest among poor families as identified by Small Area


Estimate (SAE) survey of National Statistical Coordination Board
(NSCB) are eligible.

 The poorest among poor are selected through a proxy-means test.


Eligibility

 Economic indicators such as ownership of assets, type of housing,


education of the household head, livelihood of the family and
access to water and sanitation facilities are proxy variables to
indicate the family economic category.
 Additional qualification is a household that has children 0–14 years
old and/or have pregnant women during the assessment and shall
agree on all the conditions set by the government to enter the
program.
MDG

 Pantawid Pamilya helps to fulfill the country’s commitment to meet


the Millennium Development Goals, namely:

1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger


2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
3. Promote Gender Equality
4. Reduce Child Mortality
5. Improve Maternal Health
Set of Co-Responsibilities

 To avail of the cash grants beneficiaries should comply with the


following conditions:
1. Pregnant women must avail pre- and post-natal care and be
attended during childbirth by a trained health professional;
2. Parents must attend Family Development Sessions (FDS);
3. 0-5 year old children must receive regular preventive health check-
ups and vaccines;
4. 6-14 years old children must receive deworming pills twice a year.
5. All child beneficiaries (0-18 years old) must enroll in school and
maintain a class attendance of at least 85% per month.
News and Updates
2014

 At a DSWD forum held on Nov 17, National Among Pantawid


2014 it was suggested that poverty Beneficiaries
would have further worsened
Without With Without With
without Pantawid.
Pantawid Pantawid Pantawid Pantawid
 Using data from the 2013 Annual
Poverty Indicator Survey (APIS), Poverty 26.4% 25.0% 64.5% 58.1%
conducted by the Philippine Rate
Statistics Authority (PSA), the
Extreme 12.5% 11.1% 35.3% 28.7%
poverty rate could be as much as Poverty
26.4% without Pantawid. Rate
2016

 Pantawid Pamilya boosts local economy according to research


study
 The findings of a research study done by the team of Dr. Lourdes S.
Adriano, a former professor at the University of the Philippines, for the
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) were
discussed during the Public Forum entitled, “Pantawid Pamilyang
Pilipino Program: Stimulus to Local Economic Growth?” held jointly
by the DSWD, Ateneo School of Governance (ASoG), and the
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) at the
Ateneo University on June 23.
 The study was carried out with support from the Australian Embassy.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Household Level Analysis


 For food items, the Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries are consuming
more cereals, in general, and more rice, in particular, than non-
beneficiaries. For non-food items such as clothing, health,
education, utilities, communications and recreational goods, the
patterns of spending are shown to be generally higher among
Pantawid beneficiaries compared to non-beneficiaries.
 The overall pattern in terms of savings and other forms of
investments shows that Pantawid beneficiaries are saving and
investing more than the non-Pantawid Pamilya counterparts.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Household Level Analysis


 In terms of key economic decisions made by the household, the results
showed that women in Pantawid Pamilya households are more active
in the decision making on household marketing and budgeting. This
demonstrates that the program does not only affect the behavior of
the households in terms of consumption but has also enhanced the
women’s role in the decision making on marketing and budgeting.
 The benefits of Pantawid Pamilya is not limited to its direct material
benefits. It was found out that the program influences aspirations, which
in turn determines the future behavior of the beneficiaries. The study
showed that beneficiaries are more optimistic in terms of their children
achieving more in life than their parents. Further, beneficiaries have
higher social aspirations compared to non-beneficiaries.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Economic Sector Analysis (Rice Value Chain)


 The Pantawid Pamilya cash grants along with the Internal Revenue
Allotment (IRA) of the local government units (LGUs) create a multiplier
effect in the local economy of Bicol estimated to be 7.87 and 3.49 for
the first and second income deciles, respectively. Also, it was found out
the Pantawid Pamilya cash grants for Bicolanos can potentially
generate an additional P18 to 40 billion revenue for the local economy.
 There is a significant increase in the number of registered agricultural-
related businesses in the three locales of the study. Total capitalization
of all registered agriculture businesses increased from about P1.65
million in 2005 to about P13.27 million. Total sales are rose from a measly
amount of P3.645 million in 2005 to P119.23 million in 2015.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Economic Sector Analysis (Rice Value Chain)


 2005 to about P13.27 million. Total sales are rose from a measly
amount of P3.645 million in 2005 to P119.23 million in 2015.
 Rice consumption behavior of Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries who
are not rice farmers, has changed in terms of quality as manifested
by the shift from NFA rice to commercial rice. According to the
respondents, the cash grants, along with the relatively lower prices
of commercial rice, enabled them to afford better quality
commercial rice.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Economic Sector Analysis (Rice Value Chain)


 There are changes in behavior and action of Pantawid Pamilya
beneficiaries toward other rice stakeholders. They increased their
access to credit from rice retail stores because of the predictable
streams of income coming from the Pantawid Pamilya cash grants.
Beneficiaries have forged a stronger relationship with retail stores
through a “suki relationship” over time. Rice Value Chain (RVC) players
confirmed slight increase in their incomes when Pantawid beneficiaries
became group buyers. In turn, rice retailers and wholesalers have
extended credit and other special arrangements to Pantawid rice
consumers to encourage them to buy.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Flea Market Case Study


 It is now a common sight to see the operations of a flea market near
the site where the Pantawid Pamilya cash payouts are being made.
The case study shows that the operations of the flea market is a
manifestation that the extra income received from the Program can
perk up local economic activities since most products being sold in
the flea market come from the locality or neighboring areas. Even
merchants not participating in the flea market, such as pharmacy
store, mini-grocery, and school supplies shops, gained from the
expenditures of Pantawid beneficiaries.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2016

 The key findings of the study are:

 Flea Market Case Study


 The municipality derived extra revenues from flea market traders by
imposing market rental fees collected by a designated market
collector. The positive contribution of these extra revenues
generated is highly visible in Libon where the successful operation of
the Libon Town Center (LTC) is partly supported by the fees
generated from the market rentals where various merchants sell
their wares particularly during payout days.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home/1-latest-news/458-pantawid-pamilya-boosts-local-economy-according-to-research-study
2017

 The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD),


through the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program, intensifies its
efforts to help end child labor as it launches the Family
Development Session Module on Child Labor.

 The module is an educational program that teaches the parent


beneficiaries about child labor, its negative effects on their children
and their families, and how they can end child labor in their own
homes and communities. It was designed to guide the Pantawid
Pamilya City/Municipal Links and implementers in conducting three
Family Development Sessions (FDS) that focus on preventing and
putting a stop to child labor practices in communities.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home
2017

 FDS is a monthly gathering of Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries where


parents are taught new skills and given information on how they
can best implement their parental roles and exercise their
responsibilities to their children.

https://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/home
2018 - March

 The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is now


accepting applications for the Government Internship Program
(GIP), with 1,360 slots nationwide for young Filipinos 18 to 25 years
old.

https://www.dswd.gov.ph/dswd-opens-government-internship-program-to-1360-youth-nationwide/
2018 - May

 The Department of Agriculture (DA) wants to change the


conditional cash transfer (CCT) scheme of the government into a
livelihood program instead of giving monthly dole-outs to help
contribute to farm productivity in the country.

 Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Piñol plans to submit a proposal to


President Duterte that will alter rules and mechanisms of the
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), which was started
during the previous administration and has a budget of about P70
billion.

https://www.philstar.com/business/2018/05/25/1818297/da-wants-4ps-changed-livelihood-program
2018 - May

 “Instead of giving it out in the forms of dole-out every month, why


don’t we start a livelihood program using that money so that the 4Ps
beneficiaries would be contributors to agriculture production
instead of them not being able to participate right now,” Piñol told
reporters on the sidelines of the first Agriculture Trade and
Investment Forum yesterday.

“The gist is that we should make use of the 4Ps fund for livelihood
activities to increase greater food productivity. As to the livelihood,
it will be the choice of the beneficiary whether they want vegetable
growing or backyard poultry raising among others,” Piñol said.

https://www.philstar.com/business/2018/05/25/1818297/da-wants-4ps-changed-livelihood-program