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 Established in 1999 after the downfall of

the Suharto’s “New Order” regime


 For the April 2014 elections, only 12
parties from the previous 48 are eligible
to run, thus, favoring only large political
parties.
 Only one new party will participate in the
2014 elections
 The role of women in politics are
highlighted in Article 55 in Election Law
No.8/2012,whichstates that “ at least one
in every three candidates on a political
party’s list must be a woman.”

 2,434 of 6,576 candidates are women.


Secular
 Islamic
 Established in 2001
 Leader: President Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono
 Calls itself a moderate, centrist party (yet
no clear ideology can be discerned from
its policies)
 Policies highlight economic liberalization,
 Larger, secularist party
 Oldest operating party in Indonesia
 The official government party of the
Suharto
 Leading opposition party
 Led by Megawati Sukarnoputri
 “populist, secular-nationalist, “pro-poor”
voice of the opposition. ”
 “chief ideology appears to be fierce
nationalism and defense of the unitary
state”
 Established in 2008
 Party institutionalizedt o fulfill one’s
presidential ambition
 firmly secular and nationalist party
 strongly affiliated with the armed forces
and has the backing of Suharto’s vice
president, former general Try Sutrisno.
 Calls for “anti-pornography bill”
 NasDem began as a civic mass
organization founded by several Golkar
leaders in 2010.
 PKS is known for its educated, politically
savvy leaders, its well-developed
organizational and electoral strategies,
and its modern, pragmatic Islamic
ideology.
 PAN is an Islamic political party, and it is
by far the most moderate of all the
religious parties that will be competing in
2014. It was established by democratic
reformist Amien Rais in 1998
 PAN also has the most evenly distributed
support across the nation
 Claims to be an “open party”
 PPP has become a conservative Islamic
party that supports the inclusion of
religion in public education
 Islam as its ideological foundation,
instead of Pancasila
 This connection has linked PKB to a voter
base of rural, traditionalist Javanese
Muslims. Yet the party’s policies have
generally skewed closer to moderate
Islam.
 PBB is the smallest Islamic party
competing in the 2014 elections as well
as one of the most conservative. The
central platform of its campaign is the
bottom-up implementation of sharia law.