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DIVISION

Class III
VOCABULARY
•Dividend

•Divisor

•Quotient

•Remainder
How do you solve a division
problem?

 Solving a division problem is a step by step


process

 The method we will learn today is based the


words for the people in our families.

 They are:

Father Mother Sister Brother


The “Family” Method

Father = Find

Mother = Multiply

Sister = Subtract

Brother = Bring Down


Father

 Father stands for find

 Start by looking at the first number in the dividend

 Find the multiple of the divisor that comes closest


to that number, without going higher

 Use your knowledge of math facts, or a


multiplication grid
Father = find the number closet to the first digit

2
3 711

• In the 3’s, the number


closest to 7, but not
more than 7, is 6
• The other factor is 2
• Put a 2 above the 7
Mother = multiply the number that is the
factor that you found times the divisor
2
• You found 2, multiply 3 711
it times the divisor, 3 6
• 2 times 3 equals 6
2X3=6

• Put a 6 under the 7


Sister = subtract the number you got by
multiplying the divisor,
from the number in the dividend

• You got a 6 when you multiplied 2


• Subtract 6 from 7
3 711
–6
• 7–6=1 1
• The difference must be smaller than the divisor!!!
Brother = bring down the next number,
from the number in the dividend

2
3 1
711
• Bring down the next number in –6
the dividend
11
• The new number you have is 11

• Now start over again with Father for the ten’s


Now, let’s do the second step

23
• Father: 9 is the closest multiple,
the other factor you found is 3 3 1
711
–6
• Mother: 3 X 3 = 9, put a 9 under
the 11 11
• Sister: subtract 9 from 11 –9
11- 9 = 2 21
• Brother: bring down the 1
Now, let’s do the last step
2 37
• Father: 21 is the closest 3 1
711
multiple, the other factor is 7
–6
• Mother: 7 X 3 = 21, put 21 under
the 21 11
–9
• Sister: subtract 21 from 21
21- 21 = 0 21
• Brother: nothing’s left, you’re done!
– 21
0