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Fire statistics, information

resources and regulation


Mona Lestari, S.KM., M.KKK

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Fire statistics - USA
In 2013, there were 1,240,000 fires reported in the United
States. These fires caused 3,240 civilian deaths, 15,925 civilian
injuries, and $11.5 billion in property damage.

• 487,500 were structure fires, causing 2,855 civilian deaths,


14,075 civilian injuries, and $9.5 billion in property damage.
• 188,000 were vehicle fires, causing 320 civilian fire deaths,
1050 civilian fire injuries, and $1.3 billion in property damage.
• 564,500 were outside and other fires, causing 65 civilian fire
deaths, 800civilian fire injuries, and $607 million in property
damage.

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Continued…

The 2013 U.S. fire loss clock a fire department responded to


a fire every 25 seconds. One structure fire was reported
every 65 seconds.

• One home structure fire was reported every 85 seconds.


• One civilian fire injury was reported every 33 minutes.
• One civilian fire death occurred every 2 hours and 42
minutes.
• One outside fire was reported every 56 seconds.
• One vehicle fire was reported every 167 seconds.
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Kejadian Kebakaran di Palembang
O Kebakaran 3-4 Ulu Palembang

O Kebakaran di 26 Ilir Palembang

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Penyebabnya???

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Why?
O Perlengkapan listrik yang digunakan tidak
sesuai dengan prosedur yang benar dan
standar yang ditetapkan

O Rendahnya kualitas peralatan listrik dan


kabel yang digunakan

O Instalasi yang asal-asalan dan tidak sesuai


peraturan.

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Regulations on fire - Indonesia

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Regulations on fire - Indonesia

• UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA


NOMOR 28 TAHUN 2002 tentang Bangunan
Gedung

• Keputusan Menteri Tenga Kerja


No.KEP.186/MEN/1999 TENTANG UNIT
PENANGGULANGAN KEBAKARAN DITEMPAT
KERJA

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• PERDA DKI NO. 3 TAHUN 1992 Tentang
PENANGGULANGAN BAHAYA KEBAKARAN
DALAM WILAYAH DKI JAKARTA

• PERATURAN DAERAH KABUPATEN BADUNG


NOMOR : 7 TAHUN 2004 T E N T A N G
PENCEGAHAN DAN PENANGGULANGAN
BAHAYA KEBAKARAN

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SNI (Standar Nasional Indonesia):
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-3986-1995, 1995,
Panduan pemasangan sistem deteksi dan alarm
kebakaran untuk pencegahan bahaya kebakaran pada
bangunan rumah dan gedung.
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-3989-2000, 2000,
Tata cara perencanaan dan pemasangan sistem
springkler otomatik untuk mencegah bahaya kebakaran
pada bangunan gedung.
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-6768-2002, 2002,
Spesifikasi umum sistem pengolahan udara sebagai
pengendalian asap kebakaran dalam bangunan.
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-6571-2001, 2001,
Sistem pengendali asap kebakaran pada bangunan
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gedung.
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-1745-2000,
2000, Tata cara perencanaan dan pemasangan
sistem pipa tegak dan slang untuk pencegahan
bahaya kebakaran pada bangunan gedung.
• Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-3987-1995,
1995, Panduan pemasangan pemadam api ringan
untuk pencegahan kebakaran pada bangunan
rumah dan gedung.
• dan SNI lainnya yang terkait

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Building Code dan Australian Standard:

• Fire safety Audit, Standards Australian, AS 4655.2005, 2005, Fire


safety audit.
• The Australia Building Codes Board, 2006, Building Code of
Australia (BCA).
• Standards Australian, AS 12239.2004, 2004, Fire Detection and
Smoke Alarm.
• Standards Australian, AS 1670.1, 2004, 2004, Fire detection,
warning, control and intercom.
• Standards Australian, AS 3745.2002, 2002, Emergency control
organization and procedure.
• Standards Australian, AS 1668.1.2002, 2002, The use ventilation and
air conditioning.
• Standards Australian, AS 2293.1.2005, 2005,
Emergency escape lighting & exit sign for building.
• Standards Australian, AS 2444.2001, 2001, Portable
fire extinguisher and blangket.
• Standards Australian, AS 2419.1.2005, 2005, Fire
hidran installation system design, install.
• Standards Australia, AS 1940-2004, The Storage and
Handling of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

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Information resources related to fire
• National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST), Building and Fire Research
Lab. http://www.bfrl.nist.gov/

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA),


http://www.nfpa.org/

• Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE),


http://www.sfpe.org/

• IAFSS (International Association for Fire


Safety Science). http://www.iafss.org/

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• United States Fire Administration (USFA),
http://www.usfa.fema.gov/

• The Institution of Fire Engineers, Inggris.


http://www.ife.org.uk/

• The International Organization for


Standardization (ISO), Technical Committee 92.
http://www.bre.co.uk/iso/ atau:
http://projects.bre.co.uk/isotc92/

• Fire and Building Educational and resources


centre: http://www.faberc.org/

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