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Pneumatic, Ice & Fire engineer

Customer Services Engineering (SEEE4)

A320 FAM – ATA36 – HPV Trouble shooting recommendations.


Javier MARTINEZ
This presentation does not replace
TSM, but is a good guide.

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
TROUBLE SHOOTING PHILOSOPHY

LOGBOOK / PFR
AIRMAN TSM
AIRN@V Fault identification
. ECAM warnings  Replacement / repair
. Fault Messages
. Observations

AMM
. Tests
. Removal/Installation
procedures

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
TROUBLE SHOOTING TOOLS
Airbus Test set PN 98L36103002 or Liebherr Bleed Test Set PN 99127B03

 BMC system test only checks system electrical integrity

 Portable Test set allows to check pneumatic integrity of valves and sense lines
without any component removal.

AIRBUS TEST SET Sense-line leak check


Or
LTS TEST SET +
Health Check Procedures

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
“AIR ENG HPV FAULT”

Associated to Class1 CFDS Fault Message:

“36-11-51 HP BLEED-V 4000HA OR SENSE LINE”

=> The HPV failed to open

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
“AIR ENG HPV FAULT”

BMC

T
O
PCE
TCT TLT
O
OPV O O L

FAV O Pr

O Pt
PRV
HPV
O
Solenoid
Solenoid
S
IPCV 4029KS
4029KS
(V2500)
or
11HA
(A319/CFM)

EEC (V2500)
or
BMC (A319/CFM)
IAE-V2500

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
“AIR ENG HPV FAULT”
Origin: The HPV failed to open (engine at idle, top of descent,…)

T/S: 1. Check HPV-PRV sense line unions and fittings:


Why? A leak at the sense-line unions could unable the HPV opening

2. Check HPV position indication. If the HPV position indication is not correct, replace the HPV
How? By manually actuating the HPV, check that the ECAM indication
corresponds to the actual position of the valve

3. Perform a leak check of the HPV-PRV and HPV-Solenoid sense lines

Why? A leak of the sense-lines would vent the opening chamber of the HPV
and prevent it from opening

How? Apply 20 psi at HPV test port and check for audible leaks/whistling noise

4. If sense lines are ok, replace the HPV

5. If the fault continues, replace the Solenoid 4029KS (V2500) or 11HA (A319/CFM).

6. If the fault is still present, replace the Pressure Transducer (Pt) 7HA.
Why? A Pt drift could lead to a spurious information ‘HPV opening expected’

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
“AIR ENG HPV FAULT”

HPV Sense Lines


Check
20 psi at HPV test port
=> No audible leak

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
MAINTENANCE TIPS - TO REMEMBER

To reduce the number of NFF replacement and avoid repetitive FAULTS, perform
advance trouble shooting task BEFORE REMOVING any Bleed Monitoring Computer
(BMC). HPV is controlled and operated pneumatically.
The BMC BITE does NOT confirm the integrity of the system.
During troubleshooting, it is very important to check the integrity of all pneumatic sense-
line connections, in between the valve and solenoid.
Use of the bleed test set (Airbus or LTS) and associated tools for valve test, sense line
leakage or troubleshooting.
Valve (HPV) position indication (including wiring) can be checked by manually actuating
the valve and checking the position indication displayed on ECAM bleed page is in
accordance.
Electrical Connectors:
- Damage of an electrical connector can lead to a faulty valve position indication or a faulty
open/close command.
- Specific attention should be paid condition of harness connectors to avoid unjustified
valve removals and repetitive faults on aircrafts.

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
PNEUMATIC CONNECTORS:

- Damage of sense line connections can lead to leaks which results into drift in regulation,
and or valves locked closed. S/L 1 is particularly sensitive to leaks.
NOTES:
S/L 3 through TLT 10HA

-S/L 1 Permits HPV opening (when pressurized) and


closing (when vented to ambient).
-Sense line/valve connection shall be carefully aligned
and hand tightened first to avoid thread damage.
-Then torque to the adequate value with pliers if
necessary.
-If connection by hand is not possible, do not force
torque with a pliers as it would result in further
damages, try with a new sense line.

CAUTION :
Sense line is pressurized by restrictors located in HP
Valve (4000HA) and PR Valve (40001HA).
The flow rate of these restrictors is low, thus any
leakage can generate :
- Sense Line 1 ⇒ HPV failure to open.

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING

•Useful references:

 TFU’s: 36.11.57.001 (IAE Engines) & 36.11.00.054 (CFM Engines)

SIL: 36-050 & 36-057

•Application of the TSM procedures allows efficient identification of the faulty


elements

 Reliability improvements (MTBUR)

 Reduced maintenance costs

 System integrity improved (less sense-lines disconnection/connection)

© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
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© AIRBUS Operations GmBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.