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The GENERAL OBJECTIVE of this

presentation is to provide an overview of


the problem of DEFORESTATION.

Presentation Created by- Alokik Yadav


Branch- CSE#1
Roll-No.- 17
Group- 3
1st Semester , 2015, TIT Main
What is a FOREST ?

It is a plant community consisting of trees


and woody vegetation with a more or less
closed canopy.
• Forest is a renewable resource with rich
flora and fauna.
• Forest provides fuel wood, timber and
other forest produce.

• Cleans the air and protects the soil.


• Influences the environment to make it
habitable.
What is Deforestation?
Deforestation is the permanent
conversion of forests to other uses
such as;

• pastures,

• shifting cultivation,
• agricultural land
Shifting Cultivation

Shifting Cultivation is preceded by slash and


burn of forests leading to massive
deforestation
or other activities, like

• Setting up industries

• Building roads
• railway tracks

• Constructing dams Road Construction in Rain Forest


Effects of deforestation on the
general environment:
• Loss of genetic material,
• Loss of flora and fauna

• Decline in agricultural productivity due to


massive soil erosion and landscape
degradation
Heavy Soil Erosion 

The roots of the trees hold the soil firmly


keeping it intact. With large scale deforestation
soil erosion and landslides have become a
normal phenomenon. During heavy rains and
typhoons soil is washed away to lower regions.
This increases the risk for landslides which can
cause seriously threaten the safety of the
people and damage their properties.
Global warming 

The trees absorb the harmful carbon dioxide


and release the life sustaining oxygen, thus
acting as natural friends of humans.
Deforestation increases the amount of carbon
dioxide in the atmosphere leading to global
warming due to green house effect.
Flooding

Trees absorb water in large quantities during


heavy rains. But due to large scale
deforestation there are very less tress to retain
water. This again leads to heavy floods causing
heavy loss of life and property.
Desertification

Deforestation is one of the causes behind the


conversion of many fertile tracts of land to
deserts. This phenomenon is known as
desertification. When mountain forest faces
desertion, watersheds are degraded and this
leads to the loss of sustained water supplies for
lowland communities.
• Melting of Polar Ice Caps

• Increase in levels of atmospheric carbon


dioxide leading to the melting of polar ice
caps and thus causing the sea level to
rise.
Extinction of flora and fauna 

Destruction of the forests leads to a tragic loss


of biodiversity. Millions of plants and animal
species are on the verge of extinction due to
deforestation. Countries with tropical forests
suffer the greatest causalities due to
deforestation.
Loss of Different Species

According to study around seventy percent of


the world’s animals and plants live in forests
and due to deforestation they are quickly
losing their habitats and loss of their habitats
can even lead to their extinction as well
Affecting Water Cycle

Trees play a crucial role in the overall water


cycle by holding the water in their roots and
then later releasing it in the atmosphere. In
Amazon alone, more than half the amount of
water in the ecosystem is held by the plants.
This means that without the trees our climate
would become drier and much hotter.
IMPACT OF DEFORESTATION ON HUMAN
POPULATIONS

• Under
development

• Low ‘Quality of Life’

• Poverty
Measures To Check Deforestation --

• Proper management of forests

• A ‘forest sensitive’ development policy

• Extensive afforestation in degraded


areas
• Use Recycled Items

Today, a consumer can purchase a variety of recycled


items, including notebook paper, books, toilet paper,
and shopping bags. When people use recycled
products and make a conscious effort not to waste,
the demand for new raw material to replace these
items can decrease.
• Reforestation

Reforestation involves the replanting or regeneration


of areas of forest which have previously been
damaged or destroyed. Sometimes forests are able to
regenerate naturally if sufficient trees remain nearby
and seeds can be dispersed into the deforested areas
via animals or wind. However, areas of forest which
have been severely degraded are unlikely to be able
to regenerate naturally and need to be replanted by
hand using native tree species.
• Conclusion

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• References

[1]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deforestation 
[2] [PDF] Ron Nielsen, The Little Green Handbook: Seven Trends
Shaping the Future of Our Planet, Picador, New York (2006)
[3] 
http://rainforests.mongabay.com/deforestation/2000/Ethiopia.h
tm 
[4] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7206165.stm 
[5] http://www.actionbioscience.org/environment/nilsson.html