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Project Life Cycle

Dr. M. L. Mittal
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur

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What is Project Life Cycle?

Regardless of its scope and complexity a


project goes through some stages during its
life called life cycle phases
The project life cycle refers to a logical
sequence of activities to accomplish the
project’s goals or objectives

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Project Life Cycle Defines
What technical work is to be done in each phase
When the deliverables are to be generated in
each phase
How each deliverable of the phase is reviewed,
verified, and validated
Who is involved in each phase
How to control and approve each phase.

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Typical Life Cycle Phases
Project Initiation
Project Planning
Project Implementation
Project Closure

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Life Cycle Phases
Project life cycle phases may vary between different
industries and projects
The transition from one phase to another generally
involves some form of technical transfer or handoff.
The phases may be sequential or may have some
concurrency for faster completion
Deliverables from one phase are usually reviewed for
completeness and accuracy and approved before work
starts on the next phase

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Phase-gate model

Phase1 Gate 1 Phase 2 Gate 2 … Gate N Phase N

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Phase Gates
The purpose of the phase gates is to ensure all
work is in a phase is completed to the
satisfaction of the customers
Serves to allow the sponsor or a steering team to
– Validate the project is still needed
– Confirm the project risks are still acceptable
– Confirm the priority relative to other projects
– Make a “Go/NO GO” decision about continuing

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A Project may be discontinued
When the majority of the project have already
been achieved
When new alternative that is more attractive has
materialized
When organizational strategy changes
When key personal leave the organization
When the project requires a higher level of
capability then the organization posses
When it endanger the organization financially

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Characteristics of a PLC

Level of effort
Risk and uncertainty
The ability of the stakeholders to influence the
final characteristics of the project
Cumulative cost
Cost of correcting an error

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Level of effort over PLC
Initiation Planning Implementation Closure
Level of effort

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Stakeholders influence over PLC

Initiation Planning Implementation Closure


Stakeholders influence

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Risk and uncertainty over PLC
Initiation Planning Implementation Closure
Risk and uncertainty

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Cumulative cost over PLC
Initiation Planning Implementation Closure
Cumulative cost

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Cost of corrections over PLC
Initiation Planning Implementation Closure
Cumulative cost

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Generalized Activities in Phases

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Project initiation
Need identification
Generating solutions (projects)
Selecting the project for implementation
Project core team
Project definition
Awarding contracts if needed

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Project Planning
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
Schedule development
Cost estimating and Budgeting
Resource Planning
Risks Planning
Communication planning
Staffing

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Project Implementation
Status Reports
Dealing with scope change
Quality control
Progress monitoring control
Forecasts

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Project Closure
Handover
Train customer
Transfer documents
Release resources
Disbanding project team
Lessons learned

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Thank You

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