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CHAPTER 6

Chapter 6

The
Resurrection
of Jesus
Christ
Kerygma
A Greek word for “proclamation,”
the core teaching about Jesus
Christ as Savior and Lord. It is the
basic Christian message that Jesus
Didache of Nazareth died and was raised
A Greek word for what we from the dead by God the Father
commonly refer to today as for the forgiveness of sins
catechesis concerns the fuller
and more extensive doctrinal
and moral teaching and
instruction in the faith that a
person receives once he has
accepted the kerygma and has
been baptized

The Fundamental Truth of Faith


The Paschal Lamb
• The lamb slaughtered by the Israelites
in preparation for the Passover. This
signified their preservation from death
and their liberation from captivity.
• In the New Testament, Jesus is
recognized as the Lamb of God, who
takes away the sin of the world by
shedding his Blood. By his Blood,
death passes us over. In the Eucharist,
we celebrate and share in the new
Passover in the Body and Blood of
Christ.

Death Defeated and the Promise Fulfilled


At death the body and soul separate.
This is the price of Original Sin.

Soul Body

Death Defeated and the Promise Fulfilled


Last Judgment
• Christ will judge the living and the dead at the end of time.
• Humans will appear in their own bodies.
• Humans will render an account of their deeds.
• Reveals that God’s justice triumphs over all the injustices committed
by his creatures.
• God’s love is stronger than death.
• The Kingdom of God will come in its fullness.
• The righteous will reign forever with Christ in glorified body and soul.
• The universe will be renewed.

Death Defeated and the Promise Fulfilled


The Resurrection as an Historical Event
Occurred at a definite place and a specific time
Joseph or Arimathea Disciples
Jesus dies on seeks permission to Guards cannot become zealous
remove Jesus and bury account for Jesus appears preachers of
the cross
him in a new grave empty tomb to the disciples the Good News

Mary Magdalen Disciples must grow


Friends and Guards were
and other in faith as they wrap
disciples are placed before
women see their head around
sad and the tomb
risen Jesus the mystery of the
heartbroken
Resurrection

Death Defeated and the Promise Fulfilled


The Resurrection Was a Transcendent Event

• It extends beyond history and common understanding of space and


time.
• No one witnessed the actual Resurrection.
• It has meaning for every human person.
• Jesus took the sin of the world upon himself.
• Jesus offers newness of life to the whole world.
• The offer of loving mercy witnessed in Christ’s Resurrection extends to
every single human being.

Death Defeated and the Promise Fulfilled


Characteristics of Christ’s Glorified Body
• He could be seen and touched.
• He shared a meal with the disciples.
• His glorified body would never die again.
• His glorified body is immortal and eternal
and possesses supernatural qualities.
• He materialized wherever and whenever
he wished.
• His glorified body is fully transfigured by
his self-sacrifice into an offering of love,
which you receive in the form of bread and
The Appearance of Christ to Mary Magdalene wine.
Alexander Ivanov, 1834
Read the four Gospel accounts of the Resurrection and complete
the following table.

EVENT MATTHEW MARK LUKE JOHN


A woman or women find the empty tomb 28:1–8 16:1–8 24:1–8 20:1–2

Peter and/or the Beloved Disciple run to the tomb

Jesus appears to a woman or women

Guards report to the authorities

Jesus meets two disciples on the road to Emmaus

Jesus appears to the eleven on Easter Sunday evening

Just prior to his Ascension, Jesus commissions the


eleven to preach the Gospel
Jesus speaks his last words before his Ascension
Jesus appears to seven disciples at the Sea of Tiberias
Resurrection Account in the Gospel of Matthew
Women find the Empty Tomb (Mt 28:1–8)
• An angel appears to the women and tells them Jesus has been raised.
The angel instructs the women to inspect the tomb and report to the
disciples telling them to meet Jesus in Galilee.
Jesus Appears to the Women (Mt 28:9–10)
• Two women encounter Jesus and touch him. Jesus commands them to
tell his brothers to meet him in Galilee.
The Report of the Guards (Mt 28:11–15)
• Religious leaders bribe guards to say Jesus’ disciples stole his body.
Jesus Appears to the Eleven before His Ascension (Mt 28:16–20)
• As Apostles, they were to preach the Gospel, teach the
commandments, and baptize “in the name of the Father, and of the
Son, and of the holy Spirit” (Mt 28:19).
Resurrection Account in the Gospel of Mark

• Mary Magdalene, Mary, the mother of James, and Salome go to


anoint Jesus’ body at the tomb.
• An angel instructs the women to tell the disciples to meet Jesus in
Galilee.
• “They said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid” (Mk 16:8).
Resurrection Accounts in the Gospel of Luke

• Jesus appears to the women at the empty tomb. (Lk 24:1–12)


• Jesus appears to two disciples on the way to Emmaus. (Lk 24:13–35)
• Jesus appears to the disciples in Jerusalem. (Lk 24:36–43)
• Jesus offers final instructions. (Lk 24:44–49)
• Jesus ascends into heaven. (Lk 24:50–53)
Resurrection Accounts in the Gospel of John

• Mary Magdalene goes to the tomb and reports to Peter.


• Peter and the Beloved Disciple run to the tomb to see for themselves.
• They believe with minimal proof that Christ has risen.
• Mary weeps to two angels until Jesus appears to her and she recognizes by his
voice (Jn 20:11–18).
• Jesus appears to his disciples, wishes them peace, shows his wounds, and
commissions them: “As the Father has sent me, so I send you” (Jn 20:21).
• Jesus appears a second time to the disciples and invites Thomas, who was not
present before, to put his finger into his wound.
• Jesus appears to seven disciples and serves them breakfast after their great catch.
• Jesus asks Peter if he loves him and gives him the role of the leader of his Church.
Be a “Fisher of People”

“Cast the net over the right side of the boat and you will find
something.” So they cast it, and were not able to pull it in
because of the number of fish. (Jn 21:6)
Journal Reflection
Thomas did not believe at first
that Jesus Christ had risen from
the dead.
When have you experienced
doubt?
How can Jesus help you to
increase your faith and
believe?
Comparison of Love in the Bible
PHILO
• Greek term for family and friend type of love
• Can come and go
• A casual love dependent on emotions

AGAPE
• Greek term for a love characterized by commitment
• Strong and committed from beginning to end
• The love present in Christ for his Church
The Resurrection Accounts in the Four Gospels
The Glorification Of Christ
Resurrection

Ascension

Pentecost
The Glorification of Jesus Christ
Pope Francis on the Ascension
• Jesus already saw the destination, heaven, but he knew well that the
way which would lead him to the glory of the Father passed through
the Cross, through obedience to the divine design of love for
mankind.
• Entering the glory of God demands daily fidelity to his will, even
when it demands sacrifice and sometimes requires us to change our
plans.
• The Apostles return to Jerusalem, after seeing Jesus ascend , with
great joy in their hearts. With the gaze of faith they understand that
although he has been removed from their sight, Jesus stays with
“Let us not be afraid to them for ever.
turn to him to ask • [Jesus] is now in the lordship of God, present in every space and
forgiveness, to ask for a time, close to each one of us.
blessing, to ask for mercy! • In our life we are never alone: we have this Advocate who awaits us,
who defends us. We are never alone: the Crucified and Risen Lord
He always pardons us, he guides us.
is our Advocate: He always
defends us! Don’t forget
this!” The Glorification of Jesus Christ
• The Church dogma that
Assumption teaches that the Blessed
Mother was taken body and
soul into heaven when her
earthly life was over. The Feast
of the Assumption is on August
15 and is a holy day of
obligation.
• The Church does not
definitively teach whether
Mary was taken into heaven
without experiencing death or
she was taken there after she
died.

The Glorification of Jesus Christ


Pentecost
On Pentecost Sunday, the
Holy Spirit descended on the
Apostles and gave them the
power and courage to
preach the Good News that
Jesus Christ had risen from
the dead and is Lord of the
universe. So filled with the
power of the
the power HolyHoly
of the Spirit
Spirit, Peter and the Apostles that some thought
they were drunk, although it was still early in the morning. The Apostles
were filled with the Holy Spirit and a charisma that empowered them to
preach. People understood them even though many did not speak their
language (see Acts 2:1–13).
The Glorification of Jesus Christ
The Holy Spirit
• The Holy Ghost is the Third Person
of the Blessed Trinity.
• Though really distinct as a Person
from the Father and the Son, He
is consubstantial with them;
being God like them. He possesses
with them one and the same
Divine Essence or Nature.
• He proceeds, not by way of
generation, but by way of
inspiration, from the Father and
the Son together, as from a single
principle.
References
• http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07409a.htm
• http://www.ncregister.com/blog/jimmy-akin/7-things-pope-francis-
wants-you-to-know-about-jesus-ascension