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Prepared by: Maricel B. Gonzales
How come teenagers
have the knowledge
about these things?
• One of the reasons why teenagers are
already aware with this topic is because
of media.
• They get a higher knowledge to sex
from the magazines, TV shows, internet,
movies and other media.
• In television, they now also create and
make shows about teen pregnancy like
“Bagito” and “Katorse”.
• These shows make us realize that the
rate of this problem is getting higher
and it is getting usual.
• There are a lot of reported cases
regarding teenage pregnancy since the
past few years until now.
• Teenage pregnancy A.K.A.
adolescent pregnancy is defined as
a teenage girl, usually under the age
20, becoming pregnant.

• The term in everyday speech

usually refers to girls who have not
reached legal adulthood, which
varies across the world, who become

• Recent (2014) data from the

Philippine Statistics Authority
(PSA) reveals that every hour, 24
babies are delivered by teenage

1 x 24 = 24
24 x 24 = 576
567 x 365 = 206, 955

• In the Association of the

SouthEast Asian Nation
(ASEAN), Philippines has the
highest rate of teenage
pregnancies and is the only
country where rate is increasing.
What is the issue?
The 2013 Young Adults Fertility and Sexuality
(YAFS 4) revealed that one (1) in every three
(3) youth aged 15-20 years old has engaged
in early sexual encounter (ESE). – This
indicates more than 14% increase in ESE
compared 20 years ago when YAFS 2 was
What is the issue?

According to the University of the

Philippines Population Institute or UPPI
(2014), this data translates to about 6.2
million youth who have engaged in sexual
intercourse before marriage or even if they
do not have the intention to marry.
What is the issue?

1. Increased teenage fertility on the past decade Source:

University of the Philippines Population Institute, 2014
What is the issue?
• Teenage pregnancy results to negative
socioeconomic and education of the youth
(National Statistics Office, 2012).
• Teenage pregnancy and childbearing
could affect the both physical and
emotional health conditions of the youth.
• It is significant to note that the risk is not
only on the mother but also with the
unborn child considering that the body of
the young mother is not yet ready for
There could be different causes for
teen pregnancy:
– prostitution
– child trafficking
– child abuse
– early fixed marriage
– rape
– unplanned and unprotected sexual intercourse
(Widom, 1996).
This is usually related to the risky sexual
behaviour of a youth which is affected by
different factors namely:

– alcohol/drug substance use

– peer pressure
– social media
– absence of scientific and age appropriate
sexuality education.
• Filipino culture gives great emphasis on the
role of the family in molding Filipino
traditions and values.
• The culture of conformity is prevalent
among Filipinos, hence, conforming to
decision-makers (fathers or elders) are
most likely to be adhered to without
• The choice of topics being laid for family
discussion is also controlled by parents.
• Absence of sexuality education could be in
effect of a poor health seeking behaviour or
a low access to reproductive health (RH)
counselling and services.

• The RH Law better-known as the

Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive
Health Act of 2012, or the Reproductive
Health Law ensures youth’s access to an
array of RH services ranging from RH
facilities, know-hows and counselling.
• The RH services are designed to curb the
increase of teen pregnancy by providing the
much needed knowledge and services.

• However, one of the provisions in the RH

Law, specifically Sec. 7 or RA 10354
provides for prior parental consent on youth
15-17 years of age before any access to
RH services.