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By: Katie Baumgartner

 A type of mental illness that often begins in late

adolescence or early adulthood
 Has a profound effect on an individual's ability to
function effectively in all aspects of life including:
◦ Self-care
◦ Family relationships
◦ Income
◦ School
◦ Employment
◦ Housing
◦ Community
◦ Social life

 Schizophrenia is treatable and can be managed

 There are many effects on the individual
diagnosed with schizophrenia including:
◦ Although some individuals have healthy relationships, the
majority with schizophrenia (60% to 70%) do not marry
and most have limited social contacts
◦ Up to 80% of individuals with schizophrenia will abuse
substances during their lifetime
◦ Approximately 40% to 60% of individuals with
schizophrenia attempt suicide
◦ Schizophrenics are between 15 to 20 times more likely to
die from a suicide attempt than the general population
◦ Approximately 10% will die from suicide.
◦ Individuals with schizophrenia are greatly over-
represented in prison and homeless population
 The family is usually responsible for the primary
care of an individual with schizophrenia
 This causes stress on the families because:
◦ The family's normal activities disrupted
◦ Family members must cope with the unpredictability of the
individual affected, the side effects of medication, and the
frustration/worry about the future of their loved one
◦ Family often has to deal with the stigmas attached to
◦ Families must decide a course of action if a crisis occurs
(involuntarily admit the person to the hospital or in-home
 Affects 1% of the population
 Schizophrenia affects both men and women equally, but men
tend to develop disorder before women
 Schizophrenia is youth’s greatest disabler
 Estimated 1 in 100 people aged 16 to 30, are diagnosed with
 Main causes: genetic and environmental
 Schizophrenia is usually triggered through:
a) A traumatic experience
b) Substance use
c) Experimenting with hallucinatory
 All of which can be experienced
in adolescence

 DSM Criteria: Two (or more) of the following
symptoms, each present for a significant
portion of time during a 1-month period (or
less if successfully treated):
◦ Delusions
◦ Hallucinations
◦ Disorganized speech
◦ Disorganized or catatonic behaviour (stays in a
position for a very long time)
◦ Negative symptoms (ex- asocial, behavioural deficits,
Positive Symptoms Negative Symptoms
Positive in the sense that if an Deficits of normal emotional behaviour
individual experiences the symptoms
they are diagnosed with schizophrenia
Disorganized Speech- incoherence, Behavioural deficits- inability to
skip from one though to the next initiate/persist in goal directed
(loose association) behaviour, people misinterpret this as
being lazy
Delusions- false beliefs strongly held Asocial- severe impairment in social
despite no evidence to support beliefs relationships
Hallucinations- disturbance in Flat effect- show no emotions or facial
perception (reality) expressions, no fluctuation in voice
Generally respond well to medication Do not response as well to medication

Other Symptoms- disorganized or catatonic

behaviour (stays in a position for a very long
time), bizarre behaviour
 Disturbance in perception (reality)
 Different forms of hallucinations:
a) Visual- seeing someone or something that is not there
b) Auditory- hearing someone or something that is not there
c) Tactile- feeling someone or something that is not there
d) Olfactory (smell)- smelling something that is not there
Ex- burnt toast, fire, rotting flesh, etc.
a) Gustatory (taste)- tasting something you have not eaten
Ex- burnt, blood, etc.
We are going to focus
on auditory hallucinations
 You will need to be in groups of 2 for this
 Materials- your cellphone, headphones
 Please take out your phones and type this
into youtube: