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Celebrating Life

Through Arts

: Ray Justin Cornelio

Capital: Kula Lumpur

Area: 330,803 km²

Population: 31.19 million (2016)

Religion: Islam

Language: Malay

Currency: Ringgit
A- Artworks
S- Sculptures
E- Embroiderries, Textiles and Tapestries
A- Architectures
N- Nyuppetries
The modern Malaysian nation state is a
multi-ethnic and multi-cultural entity.
It is also a post-colonial nation where
traditional religious beliefs and values
constantly overlap with modern,
secularistic influences.
“Coconut Plantation-Dawn”
Abdullah Arif
“Wayang Kulit
Nik Zainal Abidin
The arrival of the non-indigenous
peoples, namely, the Chinese and
the Indians........the story of a
modern Malaysia art tradition has,
as such, been characterized by
multi-ethnic artistic
engagements and endeavours.
"Paper Boat"  
Dzulkfi Buyong  
artistic tradition has
continued to mirror
aspects of the diverse
cultural realities
“Tropical Life”
Cheong Soo Pieng
“Mother and Child”
Georgette Chen
"Portrait of My Wife in Wedding Dress"  
O Don Peris  
"Self Portrait"
Yong Mun Sen  
“Menanti Nelayan”
Mazli Mat Som
The artistic assumption during
the 1960s had therefore been
that artists should arrive at a
distinctive "Malaysian" style of
painting, immediately
recognizable as "own" art form.
"The Rich
Abdullah Ariff  
"Fishing Village"  
Chuah Thean Teng
"The Bait"  
Syed Ahmad
And the spirit of modernist
art experimentation had
allowed for these varied
individualistic approaches..
Abdul Latif
"49 Squares"  
Tang Tuck Kan  
real emotional need now for the Malay
intellectuals, including artists, to
rediscover their cultural roots and
highlight their notions of “Malay-
Malay-centred proclivities
had began initially in the
late 1970s and lasted well
into the early 1990s
"Gunung Ledang"  
Syed Ahmad Jamal  
The Malaysian government's
Islamisation processes, begun in the
early 1980s, had also given an added
impetus th the Islamic dimension that
appeared within the Malay-centred
artistic movement.
Ahmad Khalid Yusof  
The present day Malaysia that has just
entered the new millennium is indeed a
“My Father And The
Ibrahim Hussein  
The emergence of these new
younger generation artists during
the 1990s has also signalled a new,
healthy, regenerative return to
figurative art concerns and
"Sing A Song For Ah Kong And Ah M
Liew Kungyu  
Among the Orang Asli or indigenous people of
Peninsular Malaysia, two tribes are well-known
for their remarkable wood sculptures:

Jah Hut of Temerloh area in central Pahang

Mah Mery of Carey Island in Selangor State
Jah Hut
Jah Hut also carves animals like tiger,
elephant, crocodile, leopard and
monkey, and totems using hardwood
from surrounding jungle.
Mah Meri
Mah Meri wood carver travels to the mangrove
forests on Carey Island to look for Nyrih Batu, a
hardwood for his wood sculptures. Being former
sea-gypsies, Mah Meri carvers focus on sea-
gods, dragons, crabs, night birds and fish.
They also carve ritual masks, which they believe
depict their ancestors, both in features and in
spirit. These masks are worn in dances to
celebrate the harvest festival, fruit season and
weddings, as well as in healing ceremonies.
"Rebab Player"  
Mad Annuar Ismail  
Hafendi Anuar
A Famosa
Porta de Santiago
Malacca City, Malacca, Malaysia

• One of its most obvious

manifestations among the
Malays is in the form of

• In traditional Malay society,

a woman was not con
sidered well prepared for life
unless she developed a skill
in the art of mat‑weaving. 
• Bamboo or buluh is an
easily grown tropical
plant that comes in a
large number of species.

• At the same time

ancient beliefs maintain
that bamboo, depending
upon its use, can be the
source of good luck or
conversely of

• “Kain Sonket” is a
hand woven
traditional Malay
fabric with gold and
silver threads and
worn mainly during
official functions
and ceremonies.
batik is a technique
for decorating
textiles where the
part of the textile
that will not be dyed
or coloured are
covered in molten
*The wax prevents the textile from
absorbing the dye during the decorating
 The most popular motifs used by
batik artists include leaves, flowers
and abstract shapes like spirals.
Malaysian batik is mostly large
floral motifs, light and vibrant in
colouring, and animals are rare for
religious reasons.
In Malaysia, there
are two major
types of batik:

HAND-DRAWN BATIK is where the designs are drawn on the fabric
with hot liquid wax by using a metal object called CANTING.

When the wax outlines

are done, artists use the
brushes to paint the
dyes within the outlines.
The use of brush allows
for the creation of
shaded and multi-hued
Various fabrics are used including cotton,
rayon, linen, voile and silk. These fabrics
are patterned with floral and geometrical
motifs, arranged in various layouts.
Another type of batik is the BLOCK-PRINTED BATIK. The canting will be replaced by a
copper block or sometimes a wooden stamp with artistically patterned bottom.

The block is dipped into the

wax and printed onto the
fabric, which is then dip-
dyed. Then the wax will be
removed and batik with
single color is produced. To
create multi-colors and
complex batik, waxing with
different blocks, dying and
de-waxing have to be done
many times.
The block is dipped into the wax and printed onto the
fabric, which is then dip-dyed. Then the wax will be
removed and batik with single color is produced. To create
multi-colors and complex batik, waxing with different
blocks, dying and de-waxing have to be done many times.
Wau Or Layang-Layang

Among the Malays of Kelantan the business of kite (wau

or layanglayang) making and flying is taken very
seriously and some of the world’s largest and most
beautiful kites are made in that state. Indeed, so
important is the art of kite making in Kelantan that an
elaborate symbolism connects the kite to the human soul
and to the operation of shamanism and magic. This is
reflected in a well‑known tale, Dewa Muda, performed in
the mak yong dance theatre.
Buildings with Mughal architecture began
popping up at the turn of the 20th century in
Kuala Lumpur. Majority of the buildings in this
style of architecture can be found near
Merdeka Square and Chinatown.
Malayan Railway Administration Building, Kuala Lumpur
Sultan Abdul Samad Building, Kuala Lumpur
 Ministry of Information, Communications and Culture of Malaysia, Kuala
National History Museum, Kuala Lumpur
National Textiles Museum, Kuala Lumpur
Many parts of Malaysia were under British rule from
the 1800s up until the 1950s. Many of the older
buildings were built under British architectural
influence. Tudor style buildings were especially
popular because the structure could be modified
to acclimatize with Malaysia’s hot and rainy
The Royal Selangor Club, Kuala Lumpur
anAnother popular British architectural style
you’ll still find is Victorian. A majority of
schools, theaters and historical buildings
around KL were built in this style. One of the
most well preserved examples is the Central
Central Market, Kuala Lumpur

While there aren’t terribly many gothic structures in

Malaysia, a few of the most well known cathedrals built in
the 1800s were made in this style.
Church of St. Francis Xavier, Melaka

From mid-1600s to mid-1800s the Dutch colonized

the southern port city of Melaka. This would actually
be the longest that Melaka was colonized by foreign
rule. Even today many of the buildings look like they
could be straight out of Amsterdam.
Christ Church, Melaka
Colonial Shophouses
Many buildings in Kuala Lumpur, especially in the
Old Center, draw inspiration from Straits Eclectic
and European architecture. Many of them even
 employ white and red brick patterns with an
emphasis on old Grecian-Spanish architecture.
Old Market Square, Kuala Lumpur
Straits Eclectic
Also known as “Peranakan” or “Baba-Nyonya” architecture,
this uniquely Malaysian style can be exhibited in the
traditional shophouses Melaka. Inspired by British, French
and Chinese architecture, this style was one of my favorites.
Color Beads Shop, Melaka
Restoran Famosa, Melaka
Ng Choon Teck, Melaka
With Islam being the official religion of Malaysia, you’ll find
Islamic architecture often in Kuala Lumpur. Apart from actual
mosques, there are many subtle Islamic geometric patterns
and motifs designed into many structure.
National Mosque, Kuala Lumpur
Jamek Mosque, Kuala Lumpur
Al Bukhary Mosque, Kuala Lumpur
After Malay, a majority of Malaysia’s ethnic group is
made of up Chinese. You’ll find all sorts of intricate
Chinese-style buildings across the country, as well
as many Chinese temples.
Petaling Street, Kuala Lumpur
Xiang Lin Si Temple, Melaka
The third main ethnic group in Malaysia is Indian, so
of course it’s fairly common to find Indian-influenced
architecture, especially in certain areas of Kuala
Lumpur like Little India or Brickfields
Sri Mahamariamman Temple, Kuala Lumpur
Sri Kandaswamy Kovil, Kuala Lumpur
Batu Caves, Gombak
Late and Post
Petronas Towers,
Kuala Lumpur
Wayang kulit also known as shadow play is
an old cultural entertainment using shadows
cast by intricately carved puppets in relaying
mythical parables of good versus evil. For
team Nasi Lemak, we had used paper to make
the puppets and had an understandable story
line which suits the tastes of modern
generation to convey our messages.  
   Through this theme, we've learned about the
history of wayang kulit and a brief knowledge about
different figures are represented by different
puppets. We've also learned that there are four
types of wayang kulit in Malaysia, namely Wayang
Kulit Jawa, Wayang Kulit Gedek, Wayang Kulit
Melayu and Wayang Kulit Kelantan. 
Terima Kasih!