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# REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURE I

## DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR BEAMS

TEACHING TEAM OF RC

## Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER
2 INTRODUCTION
In the previous chapter, the behavior of reinforced concrete beams was
explained, and procedures given for the analysis of sections.
This chapter will discuss a complete design methods of a beam involves
considerations of safety under the ultimate limit states in flexure, shear,
torsion and bond, as well as considerations of the serviceability limit
states of deflection, crack-width, durability etc.
Load factors are numbers, almost always larger than 1.0, that are used to
increase the estimated loads applied to structures. The required strength, U, or
the load-carrying ability of a particular reinforced concrete member, must at
least equal the largest value obtained by substituting into ACI Equations 9-1 to
9-7.
U = 1.4D (ACI Equation 9-1)
U = 1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5(Lr or S or R) (ACI Equation 9-2)
U = 1.2D + 1.6(Lr or S or R) + (L or 0.5W) (ACI Equation 9-3)
U = 1.2D + 1.0W + L + 0.5(Lr or S or R) (ACI Equation 9-4)
U = 1.2D + 1.0E + L + 0.2S (ACI Equation 9-5)
U = 0.9D + 1.0W (ACI Equation 9-6)
U = 0.9D + 1.0E (ACI Equation 9-7)
4 DESIGN OD RECTANGULAR BEAMS
Before the design of an actual beam is attempted, several miscellaneous
topics need to be discussed :
1) Beam proportions, ratio d to b, in 1 1/2 to 2
2) Deflection, from best practice h l/10 to l/14 this value is higher than SNI.
3) Estimated beam weight. The weight of the beam to be selected must be
included in the calculation of the bending moment to be resisted.
Reinforced concrete weigth is 240 kN/m3 .
4) Selection of bars. After the required reinforcing area is calculated.
5) Cover. Use SNI 7.7 for requirements.
5 Design Procedure
1. Set Mu = Mn = Rnbd2
2. Assume = (0.4-0.6)b
0.851 f 'c 600
b 0.75
fy 600 fy
3. Find the flexural resistance factor Rn
m 0.5 f y
Rn f y 1 f y 1
2 0.85 f 'c
4. Determine the required dimension b,d
Mu
bd
2

Rn
6 Design Procedure
5. Determine the required steel area for the chosen b, d
As = x b x d
0.85 f'c 2 R
1 1 n
fy 0.85 f
'c

## 6. Check for minimum steel reinforcement area

f c' 1.4
As ,min 0.25 bd min bd
fy fy
4
if As , provided As ,required not need to use As,min
3
7. Check for strain (t 0.005) tension-controlled section.
8. Check for steel bars arrangement in section.
7 Values of b, min, at t for Various Strength
8 Reinforcement Area Table
9 Reinforcement Area Table
10 Minimum beam width
11 Example 4.1
Calculate the area of steel reinforcement required for the beam 300x650mm. Mu = 360 kN-m, with
fc = 30 MPa and fy = 400 MPa. Assume D25 with one layer arrangement, and 10 for stirrup.
12 Example 4.1
13 Example 4.3
Select an economical rectangular beam sizes and select bars . The beam is a simply
supported span of a 12 m and it is to carry a live load of 20 kN/m and a dead load of 25
kN/m including beam weight. Select fc = 28 MPa and fy = 400 MPa. Assumed d2b
14 Example 4.3
15 Example 4.3
REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURE I
REFERENCES : DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE (JACK C. McCormac)

THANK YOU

## Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER