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Manufacturing Department VGO CCR

Oxygen Properties

Gaseous oxygen is a colorless ,odourless gas and liquid


oxygen has a clear, pale-blue colour.

Oxygen doesnt burn, supports combustion of other


substances.

Most of the materials are more react with oxygen.

Materials selection to be least reactive based on condition


of service.

Manufacturing Department VGO CCR


Hazards in Oxygen enrichment

Safe oxygen concentrations:


21 % of oxygen
Not to be exposed more than 2 % higher than air
Enriched oxygen atmosphere is
- More intense
- Higher temp
- Greater heat output rate
Oxygen fire cannot be extinguished untill the
source is isolated.
Manufacturing Department VGO CCR
Hazards in Oxygen enrichment

Oxygen enrichment:

Gases containing more than 21 % of oxygen

Breathing atmosphere containing more than 21%


of oxygen.

Manufacturing Department VGO CCR


Hazards in Oxygen enrichment

Causes of Oxygen enrichment:


Leaking pipe connections, flanges etc
Breaking in to system under oxygen pressure
Oxygen use in cutting and welding process.
Desorption
Liquid oxygen spill
Liquefaction of air
Oxygen vents
Entry in to confined spaces and gases containing
more than 21 % of oxygen
Manufacturing Department VGO CCR
Precautions and safeguards in
Oxygen enrichment

Atmospheric analysis in suspected oxygen


atmospheres.
Exclusion of people from oxygen enriched zones.
Secure source of seal gas.
Separation of combustible material from oxygen
enriched gas or liquid.
Clothing exposed to oxygen.
Training and awareness.

Manufacturing Department VGO CCR


First aid

People catching fire in an enriched oxygen atmosphere


cannot be rescued by a person.

The victim shall be deluged with water from a shower and


go in to fresh air as soon as possible.

Immediate medical treatment is required.

Manufacturing Department VGO CCR


Recommendations

Proper training and awareness to be given to the


people, who are expected to work in oxygen
enrichment area.
Proper equipment is being used to arrest the
leak.
Use suitable clean clothing.
Never use oil or grease to lubricate oxygen
equipment.
Escape routes must be kept clear at all times.

Manufacturing Department VGO CCR


Oxygen :
- Necessary for life but
hazardous if not
controlled.
Manufacturing Department VGO CCR
Manufacturing Department VGO CCR
Manufacturing Department VGO CCR