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Machine learning is the science of getting computers to act without being

explicitly programmed

It is a branch of artificial intelligence based on the idea that machines should be

able to learn and adapt through experience

Machines learn from previous computations to produce reliable, repeatable

decisions and results

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Variables
Discrete vs. Continuous Variables
Measures of central tendency mean & median
Standard Deviation
Linear Regression

Linear regression is a method for predicting the value of a dependent variable Y,

based on the value of an independent variable X
Y = 0 + 1X

Coefficient of Determination(denoted by R2)

It is a key output of regression analysis
Interpreted as the proportion of the variance in the dependent variable that is
predictable from the independent variable
Ranges from 0 to 1
An Example
Build Linear Model

dist = 17.579 + 3.932speed

Linear Regression Diagnostics
Test Your Understanding


R^2 = 0.59