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Overview of Bangladesh

Garment Industry
Brief History of Bangladesh RMG

Industry started to establish after liberation


Partially shifted from Srilanka & some other
countries
Reaz store established in 1960 as a tailoring shop
then turn into a garment factory after the liberation
war.
First export oriented garment industry: Desh
Garments
Brief History of Bangladesh RMG
Some important info.

BGMEA established in 1976 by 8 members only


In 1978 total factory was only 09.
In 1982: 47 factories
In 1985: 385 factories
Currently: 5700 factories (BGMEA enlisted)
Entered in Quota (MFA) in 1986
Quota Phase out in 2005
Year Number of Garment Factories Employment in Million Workers
1983-84 134 0.040

1984-85 384 0.115

1985-86 594 0.198

1986-87 629 0.283

1987-88 685 0.306

1988-89 725 0.317

1989-90 759 0.335

1990-91 834 0.402

1991-92 1163 0.582

Growth of 1992-93

1993-94
1537

1839
0.804

0.827

Bangladesh
1994-95 2182 1.200

1995-96 2353 1.290

1996-97 2503 1.300

RMG 1997-98

1998-99
2726

2963
1.500

1.500

1999-2000 3200 1.600

2000-2001 3480 1.800

2001-2002 3618 1.800

2002-2003 3760 2.000

2003-2004 3957 2.000

2004-2005 4107 2.000

2005-2006 4220 2.200

2006-2007 4490 2.400

2007-2008 4743 2.800

2008-2009 4925 3.500

2009-2010 5063 3.600

2010-2011 5150 3.600

2011-2012 5700 4.000


Present status of Bangladesh RMG
Some important info.

12 billion US$ export


Around 80% foreign currency earners
Main market USA & EU
Getting GSP facilities from EU
Around 4 million people are working directly & 80%
of them are female
Around 1.5 crore people are engaged with this
sector & sub sector
Types of Garment Industry

Woven Garment industry


Knit Garment Industry
- Cut & Sew Knit garment industry
- Fully Fashioned knit garment industry
Present status of Bangladesh RMG

Lets go for a sharing session


on
SWOT Analysis of Bangladesh RMG
1.6. Challenges in RMG industries in Bangladesh:
- Dependency in American & European Market
- Rising Labor Cost
- Workers unrest
- Lack of skilled manpower
- Lack of Automation
- Shortage of Power & Energy
- High energy cost
- Infrastructural problem
- Lack of new market exploration
- Bureaucratic problems
- Corruption
- Lower productivity
- Limited port capacity
- Political Instability etc.

Prepared by Azharul Haque 8


Departments of RMG industry
Administration Dept.
- Security
- Discipline
- Cleaning etc.
H.R Dept.
- worker & personnel appointment
-Workers file management
-Record keeping for migrated workers
-Keeping record for working hours & over time
-Performance appraisal
-Promotion, Transfer & Punishment
-Organize training etc.
Departments of RMG industry
Compliance Dept.
-workers counseling
-Ensure Human rights, local law & job security
-Grievance handling
- Maintain buyers code of conduct
-Ensure safety issues
-Factory auditing etc.
Marketing & Merchandising Dept.
Buyer sourcing
Order handling
Raw material sourcing
Regular Buyers correspondence
Maintain shipment procedure
Handling after sales service etc.
Departments of RMG industry
Accounts Dept.
Accounts handling
Income & Expenditure follow up
Budgeting
Salary sheet preparation
All types of payment etc.
Commercial & Banking dept.
All banking activities
Import-Export Management
C&F & Customs activities
License renewal
Documentation for shipment etc.
Departments of RMG industry
Store dept.
All purchase
Goods received from suppliers
Inventory management
Goods delivery to production dept.
All stock goods keeping & Clearing etc.
Quality dept.
Ensure quality in store
Ensure quality in all steps of production
Ensure quality in sub contracting
Maintain buyers AQL
Ensure products quality & Safety
Pre final inspection
Support to final inspection etc.
Departments of RMG industry
Industrial Engineering dept.
Work study
Work engineering
Line layout
Line balancing
Target setting
Efficiency calculation
Production planning etc.
Maintenance dept.
Mechanical work
Electrical work
Civil work etc.
Departments of RMG industry
PDS Dept.
Pattern Making
Sample development
Designing activities
Support to production dept. etc.
Production dept.
Cutting
Embellishment
Sewing
Washing
Finishing
Packing etc.
Organogram of a garment industry
Managing Director

Board of Directors

General Manager

Departmental Managers/ In charges

Departmental officers

Departmental Executives

Junior Departmental workforce
Organogram of Production Department

Production Manager
Supply Chain of Procedures
Pre-Order

Post-Order
Question???
Thank You