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# Design and implementation of fuzzy logic

## and adaptive control of voltage source

converter for power factor correction

## Under the guidance of

T. Amar Kiran
Associate professior
By
J Shivaramakrishna
13551D6403
19-Oct-17 1
Contents
OBJECTIVE
NEED FOR POWER FACTOR CORRECTION
STATCOM
FUZZY LOGIC
FUZZY LOGIC CONROLLER
POWER CIRCUIT
SIMULATION MODEL
SIMULATION RESULTS
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

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Objective
Inthis project to control and designed for a three-
phase voltage source converter (VSC) acting as a
static synchronous compensator to provide power
factor compensation

## The design ensures asymptotic tracking of phase

voltage parameters and also a new control method
for suppressing the harmonics.

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Need for power factor correction

## To reduce currents in equipments

To minimise losses
Capacity of various equipment increases
To increase efficiency
Improves voltage regulation
Require smaller conductor size

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## Non-linear loads, such as rectifier circuits, dont

typically shift the current waveform, instead they
distort it.
These distorted waveforms can be broken down into
harmonic components using Fourier Analysis.
The harmonic currents produce no useful work and
therefore are reactive in nature..
Examples include, variable speed drives, computers,
LED lighting, electrical chargers, induction furnaces
and many other devices.

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STATCOM
It is a power electronic device forced
commutated devices like IGBT, GTO etc. to
control the reactive power flow through a power
network.

## The function of STATCOM is similar to that of

synchronous condenser.

## STATCOM supplies both capacitive and reactive

currents similar to that of synchronous
condenser.
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Components of STATCOM
Voltage Source Converter
The voltage-source converter is used to convert the
DC input voltage to an AC output voltage.
PWM technique is used in IGBT
DC Capacitor
DC Capacitor is used to supply constant DC voltage to
the voltage source converter, VSC
Inductive Reactance
A Transformer is connected between the output of VSC
and Power System. Transformer basically acts as a
coupling medium. Transformer neutralize harmonics
contained in the square waves produced by VSC.

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Basic Configuration of Statcom

P = (V1V2)sin / X
Q = V1(V1 V2cos) / X

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STATCOM operation

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Fuzzy control
values in terms of logical variables that take on
continuous values between 0 and 1.

## In classical or digital logic which operates on

discrete values of either 1 or 0 (true or false).

## Every thing is a matter of degree.

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Basic block diagram of Fuzzy logic system

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FUZZIFICATION AND DEFUZZIFICATION

FUZZIFICATION
The process of and transforming input values crisp input
values into linguistic values is called Fuzzification.

De- Fuzzification
Process of converting fuzzy values into crisp values
1. Max membership methods
2. Centroid method
3. Weighted average method

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Fuzzy logic inputs
Linguistic variable
A variable whose values are words or sentences in
natural languages .
Where in this project Linguistic variables are error
and change in error.
Linguistic values are NL,NM,NS,EZ,PL,PM,PS.
fuzzy maps the variables to the equivalent crisp value.

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Fuzzy logic rules
A fuzzy rule can be defined as a conditional
statement in the form:
IF x is A THEN y is B
Where x and y are linguistic variables; and
A and B are linguistic values.
Ex:
1. If (error is NL) and (change in error is NL) then
(output signal is NL)
2. If (error is NM) and (change in error is NL) then
(output signal is NL)
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Membership functions for input and change in
input and output

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Fuzzy rule base table

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VSC based statcom to compensate power factor

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Simulation circuit for PI controller
Ia

Goto2
i
+
A - A a
A a A A
Im
B B b
B b
B B

C C c
C C
C c

+
v Va
-
Discre te ,
Ts = 5e -005 s. Vm Goto1

powe rgui

g
C

C
E

E
vdc

C
Goto

b
a

c
Subsystem1

+
v
-
A A

B B
pulses
C C

Scope1

C
g

C
g
C
Scope2

E
E
p

E
From
Va

From9

Ia
0.7869
From1 Scope4
Display

V
PF
I

## POWER FAC TOR

Scope5

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Simulation circuit for fuzzy controller
Ia

i Goto2
+
-
A Im A a
A a A A

B B b
B b
B B

C C c
C C
C c

+
v Va
-
Discrete, Vm Goto1
Ts = 5e-005 s.

powergui

g
C

C
E

E
B
A

C
vdc

Subsystem1 Goto

b
a

c
+
v
-
A A

B B

pulses C C

Vabcs Scope1

From9
Va

C
g

C
g

C
Scope3 From3
0.9986 Scope2
Ia

E
E
Display p

E
From2 Scope4

From
V
PF
I

## POWER FAC TOR

Scope5

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DC bus voltage of VSC in adaptive PI controller
voltage

Time

Time
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DC bus voltage of VSC in fuzzy control
Voltage

Time

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Power factor in adaptive PI controller
Power factor

Time

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Power factor improvement with fuzzy
controller
Power factor

Time
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Total harmonic distortion in PI
controller

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Total harmonic distortion in
fuzzy controller

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Conclusion
The power factor correction process is achieved
without employing any complicated control logic.
It Presents an fuzzy control of a VSC used as a
STATCOM for power factor compensation.
The performance of the fuzzy control is compared
with a adaptive PI control in simulation, it is
nearly 0.786 and while using, fuzzy controller
acquiring 0.999 PF that is nearly unity power
factor.

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References
1] F. Z. Peng , Application issue of active power filters, IEEE Ind.
Appl.Mag., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 2130, Oct. 1998.
[2] B. Singh, K. Al-Haddad, and A. Chandra, A review of active filters
for power quality improvement, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 46, no.
5,pp. 960971, Oct. 1999.
[3] M. El- Hasbrouck , M. K. Darkish, and P. Mehta, Active power
filters: Are view, IEE Proc. Electra . Power Appl., vol. 147, no. 5, pp.
403413, Sep.2000.
[4] N. Mohan, T. M. Undulant , and W. P. Robbins, Power Electronics
Converters , Applications and Design, 3rd ed. Hoboken, NJ:Wiley, 2003.
[5] M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics Circuit, Devices and Applications,
3rded. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.
[6] C. Schaefer and H. Mehta, Vector analysis and control of
advanced static Var compensators, IEE Proc. Generation Transm
Distrib., vol. 140,no. 4, pp. 299306, Jul. 1993.

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