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Harmony and Textures

- The simultaneous sounding of a


group of tones with the tones of a
melody.
- The vertical relationship between a
melody and its accompanying
chords or between melodies
simultaneously played or sung.
Texture
The relationship between
melodies (horizontal) and
harmonic (vertical) elements in
music.
Produce qualities of lightness or
heaviness and thickness or
thinness.
Classification of Harmony
a) Monophonic
- A simple melody without
accompaniment or any added part.
- Simplest melody
b) Homophonic
- A melody which has a
supporting set of chords for
harmonic accompaniment.
c) Polyphonic
- Has two or more
melodies without
supporting chords.
- Also called
contrapuntal,
counterpoint or
horizontal music.
Attributes of Texture
1. Sonority The quality of thinness or
thickness and lightness or heaviness of
sound.

Thick - Drums, bells male voices


Thin - Sticks, female voices
Heavy - Woodwind and brass instruments
Light - String Instruments, orchestra, rodallas
2. Number of Participating Voices and
Instruments.
- The greater the number of
participants, the thicker or heavier the
sonority becomes.
3. Register of Tones
- The higher the register, the lighter
or thinner the sonority.
4. Spacing of Tones
- The closer the voice or instrumental
tones of a chord are spread, the thicker or
richer the sonority: the wider they are, the
thinner the sonority.
Fundamentals of
Music:
Form
An Understanding of Basic Musical
Structure
1. Intro
Introduction to Form of Music

Classification of Musical
Forms

Simple Forms

Through Composed

Binary

Ternary
Fundamentals of Music: Form

Structural
organization of a
musical composition.
Describes how
musical ideas are
organized.
Overall structure of a
piece of music.
Three (3) Common
Things about Forms
Repetition: Repetition of
melodies

Contrast: Bringing new idea or


melody

Variation: Modifying or
customizing quality of new
melodies.
Now there is
music from which
a man can learn
something
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classifications
of Musical
Forms
A.Simple Forms
1. Through - Composed One Part
Is a short composition containing
only one principal idea.
Completely non-repetitive and
composed in a linear order.
A Popular
Visayan song,
Dandansoy is
an example of a
Through -
Composed One
Part Simple
Form
Commercial
Answer the Question:
Why do we need to break up a
piece of music into logical
sections?
How can you relate the
different forms of music to
outside world?
2. Binary
Has two different melodic
ideas. A-B
This is usually performed as
AA-BB. (Repetition and
Contrast are applied)
John Sebastian
Bachs Musette
in D Major is
one example of
Binary Form in
Repetition and
Contrast
2. Ternary
Has two (2) ideas and
ends with the
repetition of the first
idea. A-B-A
Sometimes called
three-part song form
How is this related to
the A-B-A thing?
Going back to REALITY!

Twinkle Twinkle Little


Star is one example of a
Ternary Form
Thank You for
Listening
Continue to the NEXT
DISCUSSION!