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TYPES OF EMERGENCIES

Fire

Prevention, Prevention, Prevention


Fire Extinguishers / Training
Assign fire wardens to each area
Predetermine the level of response
Meet with Local FD to:
review their capabilities
review their fire plan for your facility
request their help with evac drills
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
HazMat Incidents

Review both on-site and off-site sources


Highly regulatory environment
OSHA - HazWoper, HazComm, Resp
Standard, Ventilation
EPA - RCRA, CERCLA, SARA, HMTA, TSCA
Consider:
labelling, MSDSs (HazComm)
Predetermine the level of response
Meet with the Local FD
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Floods

Determine if you are in a flood plain


Know NOW where the higher ground is
Establish a weather radio watch
Consider
permanent flood proofing measures
contingent flood proofing
emergency flood proofing
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Hurricanes

The Season is June-November


This far inland storm surge and direct
wind damage is unlikely, but
Hurricanes can spawn Tornadoes
Emergency planning involves flood and
tornado preparations
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Tornadoes

Winds can reach 300 mph


Damage up to 1 mile wide 50 miles long
Establish a weather radio watch
Designate shelter areas in the plant
area of 6sqft per person
structurally sound (engineer)
away from exterior wall, windows, doors
conduct drills
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Severe Winter Storms

A little snow can cause a lot of problems


Plan for shutdowns and early releases
Plan for employees stranded at the facility
Back-Up power
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Earthquakes

Geologically minor risk for Augusta


Ensure new construction considers seismic
rating
prevent resultant damage
secure shelves and equipment to floor/wall
secure utility and process piping
move large heavy objects to lower shelves
install safety glass where appropriate
if indoors, stayif outdoors, get away
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Technological Emergency

Loss of utility service, power, information


system, or critical business equipment
Avoid or mitigate the loss
redundancy
plan for rapid restoration
establish preventive maintenance system
review building systems with key safety and
maintenance personnel
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Others

Riot, War, Sabotage, Terrorism


Workplace Violence
Bomb Threats
Emergency Medical Situations
Lightening
Wildfire
Dam Failure
Radiological
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Threat Rankings
Rank Local Avg Worst Presidential Economic
Deaths Case
Deaths
1 Highway Fire Hurricane Flood Hurricane
HazMat
2 Power Thunder Flood Tornado Wildfire
Failure Storms
3 Winter Flood Wildfire Hurricane Earth
Storm quake
4 Flood Tornado Earth Winter Winter
Quake Storm Storm
5 Tornado Winter Tornado Wildfire Civil
Storm Disorder
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
LEPC Threat Rankings

HighwayHazMat
Power Failure
Winter Storm
Flood
Tornado
Draught
Transportation Radioloogical
Facility HazMat
Urban Fire
Rail HazMat
TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
Ten Most Costly

1992Hurricane Andrew (10.8 Billion)


1989 Hurricane Hugo (4.2 Billion)
1992 Hurricane Iniki (1.6 Billion)
1991Oakland Wildfires (1.2 Billion)
1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake (960 Million)
1983 Winter Storms (880 Million)
1992 Los Angeles Riots (775 Million)
1979 Hurricane Frederic (753 Million
1983 Hurricane Alicia (676 Million)
1990 Denver Storms (625 Million)