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DESGIN OF SLOPING GLASICS AND

WEIR

BY
SUDHEESH.S
CIVIL B
PICTURES
MAIN ADVANTAGE

HYDRAULIC JUMP is formed on the


downstream sloping glacis to dissipate the
energy of overflowing water
suction pressure is created in the vicinity
of formation of hydraulic jump
SLOPING GLACIS WEIR CONSIST OF :

1. the upstream glacis of slope varying from 1:1


to 2:1
2. flat crest of 2 to 3m width with falling shutters
3. the slope of downstream glacis of slope
varying from 3:1 to 5:1
4. horizontal apron of adequate length
1. ELEMENTS OF HYDRAULIC JUMP

There are 6 elements of hydraulic jump


Head loss(HL),Discharge intensity(q),Y1,V1,Y2,V2
Conjugate depth y1 & y2 ,before and after the
hydraulic jump related by the equation
y1y2(y1+y2)=2q2/g
Where , q is the discharge intensity
And head loss (HL)

HL=(y1-y2)3/4y1y2
Also , the velocity v1&v2,before and after jump
v1=q/y1
v2=q/y2
Thus,the six elements of hydraulic jump
ie,q,HL,y1,y2,v1,v2 are related by the above
equation
simultnaneous solution of the above eqn is quite
tedious
to get the solution we use 'BLENCH CURVE'
BLENCH CURVE
Which , relate q & HL to the specific energy Ef2
after jump

Ef2=y2+(v2)2/2g

by knowing q,HL&Ef2 from blench curve and


specific energy 'Ef1' before jump is

Ef1=Ef2+HL

specific energies Ef1 & Ef2 before and after jump


known,
the pre-jump depth y1 and post-jump depth y2
are then computed from the relation
Ef1=y1+(v1)2/2g

replace v1=q/y1

then the equation becomes

Ef1=y1+(q/y1)2*(1/2g)

similarly,

Ef2=y2+(q/y2)2*(1/2g)

the solution of the above eqn can be simplified by


'MONTAGUES CURVE'
MONTAGUES CURVE

fig (A) fig(B)


which directly give the value of y1&y2 for the
different values of Ef1 &Ef2

fig(B) it gives the montague's curve on enlarged


scale for y up to 1.2m

in the montague's curve the dividing line gives the


locus of critical depth(yc)

y1 is the depth in the super critical stage


y2 is the depth in sub critical stage

it only gives the rough value of y1 & y2

the fine value of y1 & y2 can finally be obtained


from the above two equations
2.DETERMINATION OF WATER
SURFACE PROFILE BEFORE JUMP
find elevation of point m on d/s sloping glacis

Find Ef1m at point m by substracting the elevation of m form


u/s T.E.L

Knowing E1m,find values of Ym by montague curve Or


by,E1=Y1+(q/Y1)^2/2g

Det water surface elevation at m=R.L. of m +Ym

By repeating the procedure

we Get a prejump profile by joining various points got by


various values of m
3.DETERMINATION OF WATER
SURFACE PROFILE AFTER THE JUMP
Compute the froude number F1 of the incoming flow,using the
following relation
F1=V1/sqrt(g*y1)
Select a point n at a horizontal distance Xn from the point p
where the jump z located
Find the valve of x/y1 for point n where x=Xn and y1 is the pre
jump depth
Find the value of y/y1 for this point, corresponding to froude no.
F1 using curves of fig. for above value of x/y1 ,thus Yn=y
ordinate at
n=Y1*value so obtained
Water surface elevation=R.L. of p+Yn =uls TEL-Ef1+yn
Vary position of n along horizontal apron and find wate surface
elevation for each position by repeating the above steps.joint
these points by smooth curve to get the water surface profile
after the jump.
fig(c)
4.DETERMINATION OF SUCTION PRESSURE IN
HYDRAULIC JUMP TROUGH

The uplift pressure which occurs in the trough of the hydraulic


jump is called the suction pressure

The section presssure head (hus) because of the trough


formation the ordinate quite large and near the point P

The fig.a. shows the subsoil hydraulic gradient length (HGL)


for no flow condition

The fig.b. shows the subsoil HGL along with water surface
profile before and after jump

comparison of both diagrams shows that uplift pressure is


greater for flood flow condition
For design purpose, the uplift pressure is usually taken
equal to 2/3rd of the theorotical value (hus)

Reasons :

uplift pressure due to backward rolling of flow

uplift pressure due to the vertical component of


momentum

due to monolitic casting of concrete glacis

the floor thickness at any point on the d/s glacis

t=h/(p-1)

h->2/3hus for flood flow condition & h=hu for non flow
condition
5.D/S & U/S PROTECTION AGAINST SCOUR

conditions :
a) minimum depth of d/s cutoff : 1.5R to 2.0R
b) minimum depth of u/s cutoff : 1.25R to 1.5R
c) length of the d/s filter unit : 1.5d2 where d2 is
the depth of d/s cutoff
d) length of d/s launching apron : 1.5 d2
e) length of u/s block protection : 1.0 d1 , where
d1->depth of u/s cutoff
f) length of u/s launching apron : 1.5 d1
THANK ' U