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How does the United

Nations Work?
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WWII Review

What do you know about WWII


What were the causes
Who was involved
WWII
Treaty of Versailles:
WWI imposed harsh sanctions upon Germany, plunging Germany into a severe
recession
gave rise to Nationalism
This made Hitler very popular
lead Germany out of its recession and into WWII
Economic Depression:
European States were plunged into a depression following WWI due to war damage
and instability
US economic strength maintained the international economy, but after the US
Economy failed, a worldwide economic recession ensued causing strong nationalist
leaders like Adolf Hitler to gain power.
Appeasement: European Leaders gave Hitler whatever he wanted in hopes of
preventing war.
Nationalism: The belief in the superiority of one nation over another.
Militarism: The glorification of War, especially in the face of economic depression
Anti-Communism: Most people feared communism, Hitler and other Fascists took
advantage of this fear to take control
Isolationism: The United States did not participate in the League of Nations and did
not support European democracies against totalitarianism
Self Determinism: A large trend throughout Europe following WWI was citizens on
the borders between countries holding votes on which country the wanted to join,
leaving the losing countries citizens angry/ disenfranchised
Who was a part of the League of Nations?
As of April 11th 1938 Members are as follows:
Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Canada, Chile,
China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France,
Greece, Hungary, India, Liberia, Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, Panama, Persia, Peru Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, South Africa,
United Kingdom, Uruguay Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Albania,
Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Luxembourg, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Ethiopia, Ireland , Dominican Republic, Mexico,
Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan, Ecuador, Union Of Soviet
Socialist Republics, Egypt
What countries did you notice were missing?

How might the lack of their involvement cause instability?


Failure of the League of Nations

Focus on disarmament
US did not join
How did the US not joining lead
to the decline of the league

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ihw1
y7ylkLU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=FMEqTc-Rv7Y
United Nations Song
What do you know about the UN.
What is the UN

The United Nations is an


international group of 196
countries (Member states).
Funded by voluntary
contributions.
Goals are peace and security
of the world.
How did it start?

Started after World War II to prevent another


world war.
Replaced the Ineffective League of Nations
Began with 51 countries.
How does it Work?

United The UN is made up of


different bodies that each
Nations focus on different topics.
For example UNICEF
focuses on children CSW
focuses on women.
All represented
countries discuss the
problem from their
perspective.

The UN discuses and The UN writes the agreed


negotiates the topic upon solutions into a
to find a solution resolution stating both
that most if not all the problems and
bodies agree on. suggested solutions
Binding VS Non Binding

When countries join the UN they agree to follow all binding


decisions.
This means if something is non binding, they dont have to do it,
and there will be no reprocussions
Parts of the UN

General Assembly
ECOSOC
Security Council
Trustee Council
Court of Justice
Secretariat
General Assembly

All countries represented


All countries get equal vote
Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and
security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require
a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly.
Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.
The General Assembly, each year, elects aGA President to serve a
one-year term of office.
All Decisions are NON BINDING
Security Council
Deals with peace and security
All Decisions are BINDING
15 member states
Everyone gets one vote
Permanent members have VETO power
10 rotating members
5 permanent (The P5)
US
UK
China
France
Russia
ECOSOC

Central for all specialized committees (ie WHO, CSW)


54 Member states
Serve 3 year terms
Deals with Economic and Social Issues
NON BINDING
How do you Represent a Country
Roleplay Your Country

Even if your countrys views dont align with your own still act like
your country.
In conference you are not Morgan you are Lybia
You also cannot outright disagree with a topic, this is a topic the
UN supports.
You have been assigned
Dinosaurtopia your topic is
painting the entire country
orange, but Dinosaurtopia
has banned the color
orange. What can you do?
Lets get a bit more serious

Your topic is freedom of speech.


You are assigned Morocco
Morocco does not believe free speech is
good for its country and frowns upon
protecting the media.
How do you represent yourself?
How can you avoid misrepresenting your
country with out saying free speech is
bad.
Simulation Today

I Will assign you a country. Please remember it What are their beliefs on
war?
Countries are:
Germany (1)
Japan (2)
Italy (3)
US (4)
Russia (5)
UK (6)
France
China
Canada
Austria
Due Monday

Prepare a 1 minute talk

Where your country is


How your country is run
Who your country's allies and enemies are
Also tell us two fun facts about your country
Country Assignments
1934, the German and Austrian governments maintained opposed
ideologies, as Chancellor Hitler desired to annex Austria
1936, the Austro-German Agreement was signed, with the hopes of
maintaining peace between the two nations.
1938, Nazi followers in Austria, on Wednesday 9th March 1938, Schuschnigg
announced referendum for Austrian people to decide on, a document
looking to peacefully integrate Austria , the Anschluss(Unification)
Saturday 12th March 1938, German troops crossed the border without
resistance and controlled Austria.
Consitter

Given the unopposed entrance of the German army and the amount of
Nazi members in Austria, can this event be judged as an invasion?
What are the distinct effects of the situation in Europes economic,
political, social and cultural context?
What immediate actions could resolve the present situation?
If such actions failed, would your nation be ready to undergo belligerent
actions in order to defend their ideals?
Should the stakeholders evaluate territorial changes to assure peace and
security to the region?
Germany

Germany wanted to create a united German reich


Defense against the invasion of Austria derived from protecting the German
people found within Austria
The idea of Unification proved to be popular between both countries
Based on history, Austria showed to be predominantly German
Italy

Used to be Allies of Austria, but signed the Rome-Berlin Axis


Initially wanted the independence of Austria but gave up due to fear that
Germany would try to gain Italian territory
However, Hitler assured Mussolini that Germany would refrain from taking
land from Italy
Italy withdrew their forces from Austria
United States

US recognized the Annexation, and stated they wanted to remain


neutral
Avoid foreign entanglements as it reeled from the Depression
Wanted to profit from the conflict
United Kingdom

At the time the UK were handling their own political problems, but
caught word of Germanys actions
Current leader of the UK looked to appease Hitler
Yet, the general population of the UK wanted to avoid another European
war, which seemed like a possibility due to Hitlers actions
Future Prime Minister Winston Churchill voiced great opposition against the
appeasement of Germany
Japan

Supported actions of Germany invading Austria


Would lead to the future eradication of Communism
Canada

Did not want to get into another world war


Wanted to appease hitler
France

Political Turmoil
No real government
How could they find support through other countries
Sit down facing
front with your
countries!!!!!!