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What is a Tsunami?

When mass movement, such as an


earthquake or landslide, suddenly
displaces a large amount of water from
its equilibrium state a disastrous wave
called a tsunami can form.
Tsunami literally translates from
Japanese to harbor wave but are often
call tidal waves because small, distant-
source tsunamis resemble tidal surges
BANDA ACEH, INDONESIA: December 28, 2004
An image taken after the tsunami shows destroyed
housing and the shoreline nearly wiped out.
Date:26 December 2004[1]
Origin time:00:58:53 UTC 07:58:53 WIB
Magnitude:9.19.3 Mw
Depth:30 km (19 mi)
Epicenter: 3.316N 95.854E Coordinates: 3.316N 95.854E[1]
Type:Megathrust
Areas affected:
Indonesia
Sri Lanka
India
Thailand
Maldives
Somalia
Malaysia
Max. intensity:IX (Violent)
Tsunami:15 to 30 metres (50 to 100 ft) with maximum runup of
51 m (167.3 ft) at Lhoknga.
Casualties:230,000280,000 dead and more missing
DURING TSUNAMI:

Climb to higher ground as soon as warning


of a tsunami is released

Stay away from the beach - if you can see


the wave, you are too close to escape it.

Do not assume that one wave means the


danger is over - the next wave may be
larger than the first.

Stay out of the area and do not return


until authorities say it is safe to do so
AFTER TSUNAMI:

Help injured or trapped persons and


give first aid where appropriate.

Stay out of damaged buildings.

Shovel mud while it is still moist to


give walls and floors an opportunity
to dry.

Enter home with caution, checking


for electrical shorts and live wires
PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Disaster
Preparedness
Disaster impact

Disaster Response

Rehabilitation

Disaster Mitigation
RESPONSE
Response measures are usually those which are
taken immediately prior to and following
disaster impact.
Typical measures include :
Implementation of plans
Activation of the counter-disaster system
Search and Rescue
Provision of emergency food, shelter, medical
assistance etc.
Survey and assessment
Evacuation measures
Recovery
Recovery is the process by which communities and
the nation are assisted in returning to their proper
level of functioning following a disaster.
Three main categories of activity are normally
regarded as coming within the recovery segment:
Restoration

Reconstruction

Rehabilitation
PREVENTION & MITIGATION
Prevention : Action within this segment is designed to
impede the occurrence of a disaster event and/or prevent
such an occurrence having harmful effects on communities
or key installations.

Mitigation : Action within this segment usually takes the


form of specific programs intended to reduce the effects of
disaster on a nation or community. For instance, some
countries regard the development and application of
building codes (which can reduce damage and loss in the
event of earthquakes and cyclones) as being in the
category of mitigation.

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Disaster preparedness
Preparedness should be in the form of money,
manpower and materials
Evaluation from past experiences about risk
Location of disaster prone areas
Organization of communication, information
and warning system
Ensuring co-ordination and response
mechanisms
Development of public education programme
Co-ordination with media
National & international relations
Keeping stock of foods, drug and other
essential commodities.