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SUPPORTING

INPUT, OUTPUT,
AND
MULTIMEDIA
DEVICES
OBJECTIVES

In this chapter, you will learn:


1. How peripheral work

2. How to connect peripherals using


ports, wireless connections, and
expansion slots
3. Input and output devices

4. Multimedia technologies
AN OVERVIEW OF PERIPHERALS

Input is any data or instructions


entered into the memory of a
computer. An input device is any
hardware component that allows users
to enter data or instructions.
Commonly used input devices
The mouse and
The keyboard
Output data that has been processed
into a useful form. An output devices
is any hardware component used to
convey this information to the user.

Commonly used output devices


Monitor
Printers, and
Speakers
Many input and output devices are
peripheral devices that communicate
with the CPU but are not located
directly on the motherboard.

A peripheral device, also called simply a


peripheral, can be connected to the
computer in an expansion slot, via a
cable that connects to a port, or using
a wireless connection
CONVERTING ANALOG AND DIGITAL
DATA
Data is processed in one of two ways:
Analog

Digital

Humans process data that is analog, in


the form of continuous up-and-down
wave patterns of light and sound that
represent data to the eyes and ears.
Personal computers by contrast, process
data that is digital and stored in one of
two states: positive (on) and non-
positive (off)
The computer hardware and
software then use analog-
to-digital conversion to
convert all analog input into
digital values before
processing the data.
Example:
All letters and characters entered into a
computer via keyboard are converted to
a binary code before being stored in the
computer. To output the information,
the computer performs the digital-to-
analog conversion to convert the
digital data back to analog form.
INSTALLING PERIPHERAL DEVICES
A peripheral can be internal
(installed inside the
computer case) or external
(installed outside the case).
A hard drive connected to
the mother board via an IDE
connector is an internal
peripheral.
By contrast, a digital camera
connected to a FireWire port,
a zip drive connected to a
USB port, or a mouse
connected to mouse port all
are external peripheral.
When you add a new peripheral to a
computer, the hardware devices needs
software in the form of a device driver
or system BIOS; system resources,
such as an IRQ, a DMA channel, I/O
addresses, and memory addresses; and
application software.
Process of installing a new
device
1. Install the device

2. Install the device driver

3. Install the application


software.
When adding a new peripheral to
a computer, consider the
following:
If the device uses a device
driver the driver must be
written specifically for the
operating system installed on
your PC.
A peripheral might require different
types of software to be installed. For
example, a device such as a scanner
could require a device that interfaces
directly with the hardware device and
an application software package the
interfaces with the driver.