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GIS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS

MAGESHWARI VALACHAMY
NOR SAFRIZA BINTI ISMAIL

Malaysian Centre for Geospatial Data Infrastructure (MaCGDI), NRE


PRESENTATION OUTLINE

1 Introduction : MaCGDI and MyGDI

Geographical Information System


2 (GIS)

3 GIS For Civil Engineering

4 Demo
ABOUT

MyGDI MaCGDI

Malaysia Malaysian Centre


Geospatial for Geospatial
Data Data
Infrastruct Infrastructure
ure *Coordinator for
*SDI for MyGDI Programme
Malaysia
FUNCTIONS OF MaCGDI

Advisor to the Government


of Malaysia in the
Develop and coordinate MyGDI
formulation and Clearinghouse activities
implementation of policies
concerning geospatial data

Plan and conduct human Coordinate activities pertaining to the


development of geospatial data and
resource development
standard for geographic
program in GIS and the information/geomatics
related fields
Technical reference centre
Centre for Sharing National
for advisory and consulting
Geospatial Information and
services with regard to the
R&D for GIS and related
development and application
fields
of geospatial data
Representing public sector in international forum and
meeting involving geospatial information.
Introduction MyGDI

National Program To help and promote


that develop sharing agencies using
geospatial data geospatial
infrastructure within information towards
agencies and users. improving delivery
system.
MyGDI OBJECTIVES
To provide mechanism/infrastructure to facilitate the utilisation
and sharing of geospatial data among the agencies that
useand supply the data;
To assist in the sharing of geospatial information between
agencies by providing the latest state-of-the-art information
technologyhence allowing the dissemination of current and
accurate information;
To prevent redundancies of effort in collecting, processing,
maintaining, preparing and distributing of geospatial
informationamongrelated agencies;

To encourage wider use of geospatial data at the state and


national levels;

To stimulate and enhancing the awareness about the value of


geospatial data and the relevant technology;

To contribute towards strenghtening the development of


national geospatial data through collaboration.
Geographical Information System (GIS)
GIS And Its Components

Ageographic information
system(GIS) is a computer system for
capturing, storing, checking, and
displaying data related to positions on
Earth's surface.

GIScan show many different kinds of


data on one map. This enables people
to more easily see, analyze, and
understand patterns and relationships.

Mar 26, 2011. National Geography


Geospatial information has application in many fields including humanitarian, peace and
security, environmental and development challenges facing the world, such as climate
change, natural disasters, pandemics, famines, population displacement and food and
economic crises, according to the report.

Building the infrastructure for the gathering, validation, compilation and dissemination of
geospatial information is therefore as important for countries as the building of roads and
telecommunications networks.

27 July 2011 The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
THE RELATIONSHIP

Decision Spatial
Making Data

Spatial
Information
HOW GEOSPATIAL DATA RELATED TO GIS
APLICATION

SPOT, QUICKBIRD, WORLDVIEW, DLL Spaceborne ANGKASA, ARSM,


>50,000ft CRISP SINGAPORE,
DIGITAL GLOBE, DLL

LiDAR, UAV, AERIAL Airborne JUPEM, ARSM, MaCGDI


PRIVATES CO
PHOTO DLL 20,000ft-30,000ft

JALAN, SUNGAI, CERUN, UDARA, UTILITI, MINERAL, JPS, JAS, JMG, JPSM, JUPEM, JPPH
Atas Tanah JKR, JKPTG, STATS, MET, DOA, JPBD,
PROPERTY, SEMPADAN, TRM, TANAH MILIK, LOT,
LANDUSE DLL DLL SEMUA AGENSI PERSEKUTUAN,
NEGERI, PBT, GLC, SWASTA

MINERAL, SOIL, UTILITI

Bawah Tanah JKPTG, JPPH, JUPEM, TNB, TELCO,


SYKT AIR DLL

UTILITI DASAR LAUT, LALUAN KAPAL,


CORAL, PERLOMBONGAN PASIR LAUT, NOD, MARITIM, PHN, APMN,
DLL Maritim JAB LAUT, PERIKANAN, JKPTG,
JUPEM, PETRONAS, TELEKOM DLL
Why GIS

Location : Where are particular


feature found

Patterns: What geographical patterns


exists

Trends : Where have the changes


occurred over given period

Conditions : Where do certain


conditions apply
BENEFIT OF GIS

Environment benefits Social benefits Economic benefits

An expanding internal
Promoting sustainable Improved national and local
market for GI products and
development governance
services

Greater competitiveness,
Better natural resource More opportunities to engage
more opportunities for GI
monitoring and management in the democratic process
businesses and services

Improve coastal zone Increased efficiency for both


More effective nation security
management public and private services

Improve transport and


Improve river basin and
Faster emergency response infrastucture management
water quality management
system

Opportunities to target
proups and areas with
special needs
THE MANY USES OF GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION:
LOCAL AUTHORITY

Urban planning Modelling risks


Services provision Tracking diseases
Recreation facilities Facility security
Property tax collection Vulnerablity analysis
Buffer zone protection

Modernising
Increasing Efficiency
workflows and
and Collaboration
Providing Access
THE MANY USES OF GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION:
MANAGING TRANSPORT, BUSINESS AND NATURAL RESOURCES

Water quality Financial and insurance Roads networks


Pollution levels services Railways systems
Environment degradation Manufacturing goods
distribution
Air routing
Coastal zone management
Retail site selection Sea navigation
Real estate services
Property investment

Lowering costs, saving


Providing visualisation Providing the geograpic
energy and improving
and understanding advantage
traffic flows
THE MANY USES OF GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION:
MINIMISING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS , MANAGING SECURITY
AND SUPPORTING EDUCATION

Promoting spatial literacy Modelling risks Environmental monitoring


Raising geographic Tracking diseases Emergency management
awareness Facility security Natural environment
Developing skills Vulnerablity analysis hazards
Increasing understanding Buffer zone protection Global warming
Climate change

Creating the next Saving lives and


Creating a safer society
generation of users properties
GIS For Civil Engineering
Why Civil Engineering needs GIS

Geographic
information system
Civil engineering is (GIS) technology
about developing provides the tools GIS enables civil
and sustaining for creating, engineers to easily
infrastructure. The managing manage, reuse,
profession covers analyzing, and share, and analyze
many areas of visualizing the data data, saving time
interest and a broad associated with and resources
range of expertise. developing and
managing
infrastructure.
GIS In A Planning Process

Spatial Analysis

Visualization and
Cartography

Spatial Data
Management
GIS Supports the Transition to the Real World

Spatial Data Infrastructure


Landscaping

Digital Real
World World
Models
Events

Roadworks

Real World Model

GIS helps to translates models prepared using


technology to the real world environment such as
road works, building construction, land
management, precision farming,natural resource
managemet etc
Scope of Different fields of Civil Engineering

Architecture &
Town Planning

Remote Building
Sensing & GIS Materials

Hydraulics,
Water
Construction
Resources &
Technology
Irrigation
Engineering

Geotechnical Environment
Engineering Engineering
GIS Applications in a Civil Engineering Environment

Bridge Design, Highway/Roadw


Heavy Rail Traffic
Engineering, ay Design and
Engineering Engineering
Construction Engineering

Transit Planning
Transportation Transportation
and Surveying
Design Planning
Engineering
Civil Engineering Applications

Transportation

Watershed Analysis

Environment Impact Assessment

Remote Sensing

Urban Development

Target Site Selection

Landfill Site Selection

Mineral Mapping

Pollution Monitoring

Natural Hazard Assessment

Resources Management
Scenario 1 : Planning to develop
transportation hub

Transportati
on

Planning Design Information


Maintenance Up to date information
Involves surveys, review of
Designing tool needed . Detailed understanding of systems for travellers
existing infrastructure
GIS data management the location of asset for The wide choice of travel
GIS : intergrates , transport infrastructure
tools to manage and share options require true multi
manage , analyse and
data between GIS and CAD modal solutions
visualize the wide range of
Solution
data sets
CONSTRUCTION SUITABILITY

Example
CONSTRUCTION SUITABILITY
GIS APPLICATIONS
APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT : FOR THE
PURPOSE OF SHARING OF DATA,
METADATA, VIEWING DATA AND SERVICES

MyGDI
MyGDI Explorer is a
EXPLOR
ER geospatial metadata
catalogue

1Malaysia Map initially was


1MALAYSI developed to promote
A MAP public awareness about
geospatial information.

MyGOS Malaysia Geospatial Online


Services (MyGOS) is an
online Content Management
platform
PUBLIC SERVICE TRANSFORMATION
INITIATIVE

1Malaysia Malaysia Geospatial


Online Services
Map (MyGOS)
MyGOS
Platform for online mapping, content development and sharing & co

MyGOS gives you an easy-to-use and intuitive workspace for collaborating with
others on your organization. Create groups and invite others to work together on
projects, and to share maps, data and other content. Create public groups to share
information outside your organization with everyone or create private groups for
limited viewing
CHRONOLOGY OF MyGOS

2015 NOW

2015 (Portal
MyGOS NOW for ArcGIS )

2013 2014

2013 2014
MyGOS (ArcGIS
Online)
405 users

Subscription yearly 50 users


MINISTRY OF RURAL AND REGIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
Monitoring of Rural Development Projects
MINISTRY OF ENERGY, GREEN TECHNOLOGY
& WATER
Location of Water Treatment Plant
MALAYSIA CIVIL DEFENSE FORCE
Disaster
Management
MINISTRY OF WORKS
MyRoad Pedia
Malaysia : Decision making :Using GIS to
manage the Muar River Basin for sufficient water,
clean water supply, reduce flood risks and to
enhance environmental conservations.
Users:
The Management of Ministry of Natural Resources
and Environment (NRE), Malaysia
Key use:
To Manage the Muar River basin for sufficient
water, clean water supply, reduce flood risks and
to enhance environmental conservations.
How?:
The Maps in Geoinformation For Natural Resources
And Environment (G4NRE) will be use to determine
the coordination in conservation, management and
water resources development across all sectors in
the Muar River Basin. It aims to maximize
economic and social benefit to preserve and
reinstating water resources and natural
ecosystem.
Benefits:
These comprehensive information will assist the
management of NRE to take necessary steps in
order to preserve the water resources and
environmental conservation. It can Improve
returns on investment through better
coordination , use and reuse of data, information
and system and to enhance innovation and
productivity.
Important of GIS for Civil Engineers

GIS technology provides a


Engineers responsible for the situational awareness tool for
safety and security of fusing information, from flood
buildings, bridges, utilities and elevation and evacuation
other critical infrastructure routes to a bridges structural
Critical Infrastructure
need a comprehensive specifications and inspection
Protection
decision-making tool for results. With critical
emergency assessment, infrastructure information
preparation response, and stored in a geodatabase, you
recovery activities. can display that information in
real time on a Web-based map.
Some facts

Tough economic
times require
increased
Outputs are only efficiencies to
GIS is a precise
as accurate as minimize rework
analytical tool.
your input. and streamline
the permitting
and approval
process.
Conclusions
DEMO By Pn Nor Safriza Binti
Ismail
THANK YOU
https://www.mygeoportal.gov.my