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MiCOM P13x Feeder Management Relays

Christian Benedix
Products Marketing

Februar 2006
MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

P130C: Compact Time-Overcurrent Protection

Directional time-overcurrent protection


Order option without CT-inputs solely
for Voltage- / Frequency Protection
4 programmable functional keys for a
direct operation
Compact case with a fix number of binary
inputs and outputs

3 > P13x Presentation EN < 3


MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

P132: Modular Time-Overcurrent Protection

Non-directional resp. directional


time-overcurrent protection
Order option with VT-inputs
for directional overcurrent protection
Control functionality for 3 switchgear units
(optional) with control via binary inputs or
the optional communication interface;
no control via HMI
Modular case with a various number
of plug-in modules provides a flexible
solution

4 > P13x Presentation EN < 4


MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

P139: Modular Time-Overcurrrent Protection with Control

Non-directional resp. directional


time-overcurrent protection
Order option with VT-inputs
for directional overcurrent protection
Control functionality for 3 resp. 6 (opt.)
switchgear units with control via HMI,
binary inputs or the optional
communication interface
Modular case with a various number
of plug-in modules provides a flexible
solution

5 > P13x Presentation EN < 5


MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Applications Short-circuit/Earth fault


- definite and inverse time O/C protection
Isolated/Compensated Systems - Short-circuit direction determination
- Wattmetrical and transient ...
G/F direction determination
Overload protection
- Motor protection
Autoreclosing Control - thermal overload
- multiple 3p, protection
- with sync-check ...
...

System-decoupling
Protective Signaling - Over/underfrequency
- Pilot wires - Over/undervoltage
- InterMiCOM - Directional power
... ...
Meas. Circuit monitoring
- MCB input Control
- Phase sequence monitoring - Control and monitoring
- Current unbalance monitor. of switchgear units
Operational support - Signals and commands
...
- Metering - Counter
- Limit value monitoring ...
...
6 > P13x Presentation EN < 6
MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Main functions (1/3)

P130C P130C P132 P132 P139 P139


Availability CT/VT inputs VT CT/VT CT CT/VT CT CT/VT
DTOC Definite-time o/c protection, three - x x x x x
stages, phase-selective
IDMT Inverse-time o/c protection, single- - x x x x x
resp. stage, phase-selective
IDMT1
IDMT2 Inverse-time o/c protection, - - x x - -
single-stage, phase-selective
SCDD Short-circuit direction - x - x - x
determination
SOTF Switch on to fault protection - x x x x x
PSIG Protective signaling - x x x x x
ARC Auto-reclosure control (3-pole) - x x x x x
ASC Automatic synchronism check - - - option - option

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MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Main functions (2/3)

P130C P130C P132 P132 P139 P139


Availability CT/VT inputs VT CT/VT CT CT/VT CT CT/VT
GFDSS Ground fault direction - x - x - x
determination
TGFD Transient ground fault direction - - - option - Option
determination
MP Motor protection - x x x x x
THERM Thermal overload protection - x x x x x
I2> Unbalance protection - x x x x x
V<> Over-/Undervoltage protection x x - x - x
f<> Over-/Underfrequency protection x x - x - x
P<> Directional power protection - x - x - x
CBF Circuit breaker failure protection - x x x x x
MCMOM Measuring-circuit monitoring x x x x x x
LIMIT Limit value monitoring - x x x x x
LOGIC Programmable logic x x x x x x

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MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Main functions (3/3)

P130C P130C P132 P132 P139 P139


Availability CT/VT inputs VT CT/VT CT CT/VT CT CT/VT
DEV Control and monitoring of up to 3 - - option option x x
switchgear units
DEV Control and monitoring of up to 6 - - - - option option
switchgear units
CMD_1 Single-pole commands - - - - 26 26
SIG_1 Single-pole signals - - 12 12 40 40
ILOCK Interlocking logic - - option option x x
Predefinied bay types - - >80 >80 >290 >290
Customized bay types - - 1 1 1 1
COUNT Binary counter - - - - 1 1
F_KEY Function keys 4 4 - - - -
COMMx 2 comm. interfaces, IRIG-B, option option option option option option
protection comm. interface
InterMiCOM

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MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Inputs and outputs

P130C P130C P132 P132 P139 P139


Availability CT/VT inputs VT CT/VT CT CT/VT CT CT/VT
Measuring inputs
Phase currents - 3 3 3 3 3
Residual current - 1 1 1 1 1
Voltages (per order) 3 3 - 4/5 - 4/5
Binary inputs and outputs (per order)
Optical coupler inputs (min...max) 1 2 2 4...40 4...40 10...40 10...40
Output relays (min...max) 1) 8 8 8...32 8...32 14...28 14...28
Analog inputs and outputs (opt.)
0 to 20 mA input - - 1 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs - - 2 2 2 2
RTD inputs - - 1/9/10 1/9/10 1/9/10 1/9/10

1) Use of the max. number of binary inputs and binary outputs


for P132 and P139 not possible at the same time.

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MiCOM P13x
Applications

Used for line protection

DTOC: Definite-time overcurrent protection


IDMT: Inverse-time overcurrent protection
SCDD: Short-circuit direction determination
PSIG: Protective signaling
ARC: Auto-reclosing control
ASC: Automatic synchronism check
THERM: Thermal overload protection
SOTF: Switch on to fault protection
CBF: Circuit breaker failure protection
GFDSS: Ground fault direction determination
using steady-state values
TGFD: Transient ground fault direction
determination
LIMIT: Limit value monitoring (O/C indication)

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MiCOM P13x
Applications

Used for transformer protection

DTOC: Definite-time overcurrent protection


IDMT: Inverse-time overcurrent protection
THERM: Thermal overload protection
CBF: Circuit breaker failure protection
LIMIT: Limit value monitoring
(Temperature monitoring,
O/C indication)

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MiCOM P13x
Applications

Used for motor protection


DTOC: Definite-time overcurrent protection
IDMT: Inverse-time overcurrent protection
MP: Motor protection
(rotor overload protection)
THERM: Thermal overload protection
(stator overload protection)
I2>: Unbalance protection
V<>: Time-voltage protection
CBF: Circuit breaker failure protection
GFDSS: Ground fault direction determination
using steady-state values
(stator ground-fault protection)
LIMIT: Limit value monitoring
(Temperature monitoring)

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MiCOM P13x
Applications

Monitoring of motor temperatures

RTD RTD Phase RTD


Prime sensor A B C anbient temperature /
RTD cooling temperature
Backup sensor

RTD
RTD
RTD
RTD
RTD
RTD
RTD
RTD
stator
RTD

RTD
rotor
bearing bearing

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MiCOM P13x
Applications

Used for mains decoupling protection

DTOC: Definite-time overcurrent protection


IDMT: Inverse-time overcurrent protection
SCDD: Short-circuit direction determination
V<>: Time-voltage protection
f<>: Frequency protection
P<>: Directional power protection

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MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Models

screw terminals for pin lugs

P130C P132 P139

screw terminals for ring lugs

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MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Module location 40T (pin) and 84T (ring)


01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

P A N T X X X V X P A N T X X X X V

P132 CH1 alt.


CH2
Y
4J 6I 6I 24I 4I
-/4V/5V 6O 6O 8O 6O
CH1 alt.
CH2
Y
4J
-/4V/5V
6I
6O
6I
6O
24I
6O
4I
8O

9T alt. alt. alt. 9T alt. alt. alt.

alt. X X Y alt. X X Y
A 6I 6I 4I A 6I 6I 4I
CH3 8O 8O CH3 8O 8O

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Standard: Options 1):


T Transformer module:
P Processor module
4 CTs (only) or 4 CTs and 4 or 5 VTs
T Transformer module: 4 VTs A Communication module with channel 1 and 2

V Power supply module with and IRIG-B or


4 *I,8*O Ethernet module with
additional channel 2 (in preparation)
N Transient ground-fault direction

determination module or
A InterMiCOM module with channel 3 or
1) Optional modules fitting according to Y RTD module with 9 RTDs (P139 only)
module location above X 6*I,6*O binary I/O-module for

2) Control of max 3 switchgear units only control of 3 switchgear units 2) or


also if two X (6*I,6*O) modules can be used X 6*I,8*O binary I/O-module
X 6*O binary outputs module
X 24*I binary input module or

Y Analog module (4I)


17 > P13x Presentation EN < 17
MiCOM P13x
Feeder Management Relays

Module location 40T (pin) and 84T (ring)


01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

P A N T X X X V X P A N T X X X X V
P139 CH1 alt.
CH2
4J 6I 6I 24I 4I
-/4V/5V 6O 6O 8O 6O
CH1 alt.
CH2
4J
-/4V/5V
6I
6O
6I
6O
24I
6O
4I
8O
Y Y
alt. alt. alt. alt.
9T 9T
alt. T Y alt. T Y
3J 3J
A 4I A 6V
4I
6V CH3
CH3

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Standard:
P Processor module Options
T Transformer module: 4 CTs and 4 or 5 VTs
T Transformer module: 4 CTs or CT/VT module with NCIT (3J/6V)
A Communication module with channel 1 and 2
X 6*I,6*O binary I/O-module for
control of 3 switchgear units and IRIG-B or
Ethernet module with additional channel 2
V Power supply module with N Transient ground-fault direction
4 *I,8*O determination module or
A InterMiCOM module with channel 3 or
Y RTD module with 9 RTDs (P139 only)
X 6*I,6*O binary I/O module
1) Optional modules fitting according to
module location above for control of add. 3 switching devices
X 24*I binary input module or

Y Analogue I/O module


X 6*O binary output module

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MiCOM P13x

Definite-time overcurrent protection

DTOC

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MiCOM P13x
Definite-time overcurrent protecton

Main features (1/2)

Definite-time overcurrent protection


three-stages, phase-selective
Separate measuring systems for
phase currents
negative-sequence current
residual current
All measuring systems operate independently
Settable operate delay per stage
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

20 > P13x Presentation EN < 20


MiCOM P13x
Definite-time overcurrent protecton

Main features (2/2)

Dynamic parameter (Cold load pickup)


For each O/C stage a second setting value available
Switch to the second setting values of the selected O/C stages
via binary input signal for a settable hold time
Inrush restraining for I> und Ineg> stage if desired
Use of direct measured or calculated residual current for
residual current stages selectable
Hold time logic for intermittent earth faults
Affect the general starting by residual and negative-sequence
current stages can be suppressed if desired

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MiCOM P13x

Inverse-time overcurrent protection

IDMT

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MiCOM P13x
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Protection

Main features (1/2)


Inverse-time overcurrent protection,
single-stage, phase-selective
Separate measuring systems for
phase currents
negative-sequence current
residual current
All measuring systems operate independently
Choice of 12 different tripping time characteristics
(ANSI incl. reset characteristic)
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

23 > P13x Presentation EN < 23


MiCOM P13x
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Protection

Main features (2/2)

Dynamic parameter (Cold load pickup)


For each O/C stage a second setting value available
Switch to the second setting values of the selected O/C stages
via binary input signal for a settable hold time
Inrush restraining for phase and negative-sequence current
stage if desired
Use of direct measured or calculated residual current for
residual current stage selectable
Hold time logic for phase, residual and negative-sequence
current stage
Affect the general starting by residual and negative-sequence
current stage can be suppressed if desired

24 > P13x Presentation EN < 24


MiCOM P13x
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Protection

Tripping Characteristics (1/2)

Tripping Characteristics Additional Tripping


per IEC 255-3 Characteristics

100 10

t/s t/s

10
Long time inverse

Normally inverse RI-type inverse


1
Very inverse
RXIDG-type
inverse
Extremely inverse
0.1 1
1 10 I/I ref 100 1 10 I/I ref 100

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MiCOM P13x
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Protection

Tripping Characteristics (2/2)

Tripping Characteristics Tripping Characteristics


per ANSI / IEEE C37.112 per ANSI

100 100

t/s t/s

10
10
Long time
1 inverse

1 Moderately inverse Normally


Very inverse 0.1 inverse
Short time
Extremely inverse inverse
0.1 0.01
0.1 1 10 I/I ref 100 0.1 1 10 I/I ref 100

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MiCOM P13x

Short-circuit direction
determination

SCDD

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MiCOM P13x
Short-circuit direction determination

Direction determination phase current stages

Forward Starting I V Char. angle


V A-N meas meas
direction
IA
A I V +45
A B-C
char.
B IB V C-A +45
angle
C IC V A-B +45

VB-C A-B IA V B-C +60

B-C IC V A-B +30


Backward
direction C-A IC V A-B +60

A-B-C I V +45
C A-B

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MiCOM P13x
Short-circuit direction determination

Direction determination residual current stages

Starting I V Char. angle


meas meas
Backward
direction (settable)
A-N I V N-G
N

B-N IN V N-G
V N-G C-N IN V N-G
char.
angle A-B-N IN V N-G -90 ... +90

B-C-N IN V
N-G
IN C-A-N I V
N N-G

Forward A-B-C-N I V
N N-G
direction

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MiCOM P13x

Protective signaling

PSIG

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MiCOM P13x
Protective signaling

Main features

Can be used in conjunction with SCDD for selective


instantaneous clearing of the line section affected by the fault
Teleprotection between the two protection relays on both
ends of the line section to be protected
Teleprotection between the two protection relays
by pilot wires
by protection interface InterMiCOM
Tripping by protective signaling dependent of preselected
short-circuit direction conditions

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MiCOM P13x
Protective signaling

Teleprotection with 2 or 4 pilot wires

P13x P13x

P13x P13x

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MiCOM P13x

Switch on to fault protection

SOTF

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MiCOM P13x
Switch on to fault protection

Application

Switch on to fault because e.g. feeder grounding


connection not removed after maintenance
Instantaneous tripping desired

L+ P13x

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MiCOM P13x
Switch on to fault protection

Logic
SOTF: Operating mode

Trip by I>
Trip by I>>
Trip by I>>>
DTOC: Starting I> Trip by gen. Start.
IDMT: Starting Iref,P> >1
&
DTOC: Starting I>>
&
SOTF:
DTOC: Starting I>>> >1
Trip signal
&
Main: General starting
&
MAIN: Manual close EXT
SOTF: Par. ARC runn. EXT SOTF: Man. close timer
&
ARC: Close request SOTF:
1 tManual
Close runn.

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MiCOM P13x

Circuit breaker failure protection

CBF

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MiCOM P13x
Circuit breaker failure protection

Logic

CBF:
Parallel trip EXT
CBF: tCBF
MAIN: &
General starting t 0
1 CBF: CB failure
MAIN:
Gen. Trip signal 1

& CBF: tCBF running

CBF:
Starting trig. EXT
MAIN: & CBF: Trip signal
General starting

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MiCOM P13x

Auto-reclosing control

ARC

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MiCOM P13x
Auto-reclosing control

Main features

3p high speed ARC


+ 0..9 delayed reclosures
Flexible timer settings
(tripping times, dead times, operative time, reclaim time,
blocking time)
Control of trippings during ARC sequence by ARC tripping
times
Selection of protection functions for ARC triggering
Reduction of tripping time during ARC sequence
Final trip by protection functions after unsuccessful ARC
Voltage and/or synchronism controlled reclosure
Test HSR trigger

39 > P13x Presentation EN < 39


MiCOM P13x
Auto-reclosing control

Tripping times for HSR and TDR

Tripping times for the following signals:


General starting
DTOC Starting I> (directional)
DTOC Starting I>> (directional)
DTOC Starting I>>>
DTOC Starting IN> (directional)
DTOC Starting IN>> (directional) ARC trip signal
DTOC Starting IN>>>
IDMT Starting Iref,P> (directional)
IDMT Starting Iref,N> (directional)
IDMT Starting Iref,neg>
Start via LOGIC
GFDSS Starting forward
GFDSS Starting Y (E)

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MiCOM P13x

Automatic synchronism check

ASC

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MiCOM P13x
Automatic synchronism check

Main features

Automatically triggered by
Auto reclosure
Close request (Control function)
Manual CB close request
or triggering of ASC and subsequent manual close
command
Selectable reference voltage
Busbar-side or line-side
Measuring loop: VAB, VBC, VCA, VAG, VBG, VCG
Settable nominal voltage Vref,nom
Operating modes
Voltage-checked
Synchronism-checked
Voltage-/ synchronism-checked

42 > P13x Presentation EN < 42


MiCOM P13x
Automatic synchronism check

Voltage check

Operating mode: Voltage-checked


V & Vref
V & Vref
V & Vref
V v Vref
Separate voltage thresholds:
Voltage present (V> volt. check)
Voltage not present (V<volt. check)
Minimum voltage check time

43 > P13x Presentation EN < 43


MiCOM P13x
Automatic synchronism check

Synchronism check

Minimum voltage (V> sync. check)


Minimum synchronism check time
Voltage difference V
Phase angle difference
Angle offset
Frequency difference f

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MiCOM P13x

Motor protection

MP

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MiCOM P13x
Motor protection

Main features

Protection of directly switched, high-voltage asynchronous


motors with thermally critical rotor:
Operating state recognition
Overload protection with thermical replica of the motor
Choice of reciprocally quadratic or logarithmic tripping characteristic
Inclusion of heat dispersion processes in the rotor after a start-up
Separate cooling time constants for rotating and stopped motors
Start-up repetition monitoring with reclosure blocking
Control logic for heavy starting and protection of locked rotor
Loss of load protection
Combination with THERM for stator windings overload protection

46 > P13x Presentation EN < 46


MiCOM P13x
Motor protection

Operating state recognition and tripping characteristics

t [s]
Start-up
1.000 Load Overload

logarithmic t 6Iref= 20 s
m =0
500

reziprocally
squared

k Istup> I/I ref


0,1 1,0 2,0 3,0

47 > P13x Presentation EN < 47


MiCOM P13x
Motor protection

Overload memory and start-up counter

m [%] Overload memory


100
80
60
40
20

Start-up counter Reclosure blocked

3
2
1

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MiCOM P13x

Thermal overload protection

TH ERM

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MiCOM P13x
Thermal overload protection

Main features

Thermal overload protection based on first-order thermal


replica according to IEC 255-8
Warning and trip level settable
Choice of using a thermal replica on the base of
either relative or absolute temperature
Temperature of cooling medium can be taken into account
using the optional resistance temperature inputs
or the optional 0 to 20 input
Prediction feature with indication of time remaining before
tripping

50 > P13x Presentation EN < 50


MiCOM P13x
Thermal overload protection

First-Order Model Based on IEC 60255-8

Specific Proportionality
thermal capacity factor

w
(t) Thermal
conductance
Protected object
Temperature (t)
I2 k
a
a Coolant
Temperature a
Square of current

In thermal overload protection based on IEC 60255-8, a simple homo-


geneous two-body model (protected object and coolant) is considered.
51 > P13x Presentation EN < 51
MiCOM P13x
Thermal overload protection

Model Equation

(t) a 2
Ultimate temperature I a a
k


t
t 0 0 1 e


0

a
Ultimate temperature rise

Transition from the initial temperatur 0


to the final temperatur (ultimate temperature)
based on the rise time constant at constant current I.
52 > P13x Presentation EN < 52
MiCOM P13x
Thermal overload protection

Consideration of the Coolant Temperature

I
2
t a a,max
t 0 0 1 e trip
Iref max a,max

I t offset

The offset offset corrects the state of the thermal replica


for the normal case in which the actual coolant temperature a is not
equal to the maximum coolant temperature a,max.
53 > P13x Presentation EN < 53
MiCOM P13x
Thermal overload protection

Graphic Representation of the Offset

o ffs e t
tr ip

100 %

0 %
a ,m a x m ax a

The offset offset disappears at a = a,max .


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MiCOM P13x

Unbalance protection

I2>

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MiCOM P13x
Unbalance protection

Main features

Unbalance protection, based on negative-sequence current


time protection;
two stages
Settable operate delay per stage
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

56 > P13x Presentation EN < 56


MiCOM P13x

Ground fault direction


determination using
steady-state values

GFDSS

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MiCOM P13x
Ground fault direction determination using steady-state values

Pick-up characteristic for operating mode cos()

Location: faulty" feeder Location: healthy" feeder

0 VN-G 0 VN-G

BS BS BS BS
GFDSS: GFDSS:
Sector angle BS GFDSS: Sector angle BS GFDSS:
IN,act> BS IN,act> BS
IN
270 90 270 90

GFDSS: GFDSS:
IN,act> LS GFDSS: IN,act> LS
IN Sector angle LS
GFDSS:
LS Sector angle LS LS LS

180 180

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MiCOM P13x
Ground fault direction determination using steady-state values

Pick-up characteristic for operating mode sin()

Location: faulty" feeder Location: healthy" feeder


0 VN-G 0 VN-G

BS LS BS LS

IN
270 90 270 90

IN

BS LS BS LS

GFDSS: 180 GFDSS: GFDSS: 180 GFDSS:


IN,reac> BS IN,reac> LS IN,reac> BS IN,reac> LS

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MiCOM P13x
Ground fault direction determination using steady-state values

Pick-up characteristic; admittance evaluation

Operating mode cos() Operating mode sin()

0 VN-G 0 VN-G

BS BS LS

GFDSS:
G(N)>/B(N)> BS

270 90 270 90

GFDSS:
G(N)>/B(N)> LS

LS
180 180
GFDSS: GFDSS:
G(N)>/B(N)> BS G(N)>/B(N)> LS
G(N): conductance
B(N): susceptance
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MiCOM P13x

Over-/Undervoltage protection

V<>

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/Undervoltage protection

Main features

Definite-time overvoltage protection, two-stage


Phase-to-phase voltages (operating mode: Star)
Phase-to-ground voltages (operating mode: Delta)
Positive-sequence voltage
Negative-sequence voltage
Neutral displacement voltage (measured or calculated)
Reset ratio (hysteresis) settable
For undervoltage stages transient signals are provided
to be included in trip cmd.
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/Undervoltage protection

Logic (1/3)

V<>:
Mode

Delta
V>
Star

+

V>>
+

+ V<

VA-N
V<<
VB-N
VC-N

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/Undervoltage protection

Logic (2/3)

1 Vpos>
a2 Vpos>>
a Vpos<
Vpos<<
1
a Vneg>
a2 Vneg>>
V<>:
Evaluation
VN-G

calculated
measured
VA-N +
1
VB-N + VN-G >
3

VC-N + VN-G >>
VN-G

1) For P130C always calculated VNG

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/Undervoltage protection

Logic (3/3)

V<>: Blocking tV< EXT V<>: tTrans.

1
V<>: V<

VA-N or AA-B V<>: tV< & V<>: tV< elaps. trans.

VB-N or VB-C t 0
1 V<>: tV< elapsed

V<>: Starting V<


VC-N or VC-A
V<>: tV<
1 & V<>: tV< 3p elapsed
trans.
t 0
& V<>: tV< 3p elapsed

V<>: Starting V< 3p

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MiCOM P13x

Over-/Underfrequency protection

f< >

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/underfrequency protection

Main features
Over-/underfrequncy protection, four-stage
All four stages operate independently of each other
Operation modes:
Over-/underfrequency monitoring
Over-/underfrequency monitoring in conjunction with
differential frequency gradient monitoring (df/dt)
for system decoupling applications
Over-/underfrequency monitoring in conjunction with
average frequency gradient monitoring (f/t)
for load shedding applications
Settable operate delay
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/underfrequency protection

Time delayed over-/underfrequeny

f
fn o m t
Start
fx

Trip

tx

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/underfrequency protection

Time delayed ROCOF

f
fn o m t
Start
fx

d fx/ d t

Trip

tx

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MiCOM P13x
Over-/underfrequency protection

Average ROCOF

f
fn o m t
Start
fx

fx

Trip

tx

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MiCOM P13x

Directional power protection

P< >

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MiCOM P13x
Directional power protection

Main features

Active power P and reactive power Q, each 2 stages


Direction settable
forward
backward
non-directional
Settable pick-up/ drop-off delays
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)

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MiCOM P13x

Measuring circuit monitoring

MCMON

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MiCOM P13x
Measuring circuit monitoring

Main features

Voltage measuring circuit monitoring


mcb contact input
Undervoltage monitoring, alternatively with
Current release
CB closed (52a) release
Negative sequence voltage monitoring (Phase sequence monitor.)
Automatic blocking of all functions which based on voltages

Current measuring circuit monitoring


Phase currents magnitude difference monitoring
For connection to two current transformer evaluation of
current IB can be disabled

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MiCOM P13x
Measuring circuit monitoring

Logic
MCMON:
1 Meas. circ. V,I faulty
IA MCMON :
I diff>
IB Meas. circ. I faulty
En-
IC able
V< MCMON : Undervoltage
VA-N
MCMON :
VB-N 1 Meas. circ. V faulty
VC-N
MCMON :
Phase sequ. V faulty
MAIN:
MCMON :
General &
V> Meas. voltage o.k.
starting

MAIN: M.c.b. trip V EXT

MAIN: M.c.b. trip Vref EXT

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MiCOM P13x

Limit value monitoring

LIMIT

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MiCOM P13x
Limit value monitoring

Main features

> t>
0 1

> > t> >


Measurands:
0 1 Signals:
Phase currents
Starting >
Voltages
< t< t> elapsed
Temperature
20 mA DC curr. 0 1 ...
...

< < t< <


0 1

Intended to use for monitoring applications only!


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MiCOM P13x

Measured Data Input

M EA SI

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MiCOM P13x
Measured data input

Main Data

1 DC current input 0...24 mA (IDC,nom = 20 mA)


(Burden: 100 W, max. 50 mA, resolution 25 A)
Open circuit monitoring (0 ... 3 ...10 mA)
Overload monitoring (23 mA fix)
Zero suppression (IDC> = 0.000 ... 0.200 IDC,nom)
Measured value linearization (20 points)
Operating value (mA, pu, lin.)
Limit value monitoring IDC,lin

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MiCOM P13x
Measured data input

Signal processing

PC/
M CM O N L IM IT THERM
CO M M 1

ID C I D C , li n x x T

I n p u t s ig n a l A ID C ,n o m ID C ,n o m
x
x

x
ID C [m A ] D x
ID C / m A ID C / ID C ,n o m I D C , li n / I D C , n o m

L in e a r im a g e L in e a r iz a tio n S c a lin g
z e r o s u p p r e s s io n

o p e r a tin g v a lu e : ID C = 0 ...2 4 .0 0 m A I D C = 0 . . . 1 . 2 0 I D C ,n o m I D C , lin = 0 . . . 1 . 2 0 I D C , n o m p h y s ic a l u n it

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MiCOM P13x

Measured Data Output

M EA SO

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MiCOM P13x
Measured data output

Main Data

2 DC current outputs 0...20 mA


(max. burden 500 W, max. 20 mA, resolution 20 A)
1 BCD coded output
All operating and event measurands
Settable scaling e.g. 4...20 mA, 0...10 mA
(minimum current, expanded scale, maximum current)
Settable hold time
Signal value valid

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MiCOM P13x
Measured data output

Example for Scaling of Output Current

2 0 ,0

m A

1 0 ,0

0 ,0
0 ,0 0 0 m e a s u r a n d / r a n g e lim it v a lu e 1 ,0 0 0

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MiCOM P13x

Programmable logic

LOGIC

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MiCOM P13x
Programmable logic

Embedding of Programmable Logic

Control Inputs Functions Trip and Signals

Fixed Logic:
Configuration: Configuration:
DTOC, IDMT, THERM, ...
OUTP
INP LED
LOC LOC
PC PC
COMM1 COMM1
COMM2 COMM2
COMM3 COMM3

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MiCOM P13x
Programmable logic

Embedding of Programmable Logic

Control Inputs Functions Trip and Signals

Fixed Logic:
Configuration: Configuration:
DTOC, IDMT, THERM, ...
OUTP
INP LED
LOC LOC
PC PC
COMM1 COMM1
COMM2 COMM2
COMM3 Programmable Logic: COMM3

LOGIC

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