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I.

RIZAL
IN DAPITAN
Lucille Par and Jamela Mayormita
REASONS WHY
RIZAL WAS
DEPORTED TO
DAPITAN
1. Publication and introduction of various anti-monastic books and
handbills
2. Traveling through different provinces without permit from
Governor-General
3. Finding in his luggage the pamphlet Pobre Frailes
4. Dedication of El Filibusterismo to GomBurZa
5. Rizal's attempt to de-Catholicizing and denationalizing the Filipino
people.
LIFE IN DAPITAN
DAPITAN
a place of rendezvous or meeting-place
to invite
Remote town in Mindanao
Swampy
Land fertile
No portable water system
No lighting system
Spread of diseases
Primitive Agriculture
Presence of trade
DAPITAN

Cebu

Carried a letter from Fr. Pablo Pastells to Fr.

Antonio Obach
CONDITIONS OF
JESUITS TO RIZAL
1. Make public retraction of his religious errors
2. Issue public statements unmistakably pro-
Spanish
3. Undergo the spiritual exercises of St. Ignatius
4. Make general confession of his past life
5. Lead a model religious and pro-Spanish life
Capitan Ricardo
Carnicero
Accepted Rizal as a prisoner
The relationship is warm and friendly
Allow Rizal to help Dapitan improve and gave
Rizal all the liberties except to leave the
place
Gave good reports to Gov. Gen. Despujol
REFORMS RIZAL
PROPOSED
Representation in the Spanish Cortes
Secularization of the parishes
Reformation of the administration in all its branches
Encouragement of primary instruction and elimination of friar intervention
Teachers of both sexes with better salaries
Division of government jobs between Spaniards and Filipinos
Make administration moral
Creation of school of arts and trades in provincial capitals
Freedom of speech and press
Freedom of religion
Capitan Ricardo
Carnicero
Admired Carnicero
A Don Ricardo Carnicero captain's
birthday on August 26, 1892
Appreciation of Carnicero's kindness
and generosity
WINS IN MANILA
LOTTERY
Lottery Ticket No. 9736
Capitan Carnicero, Dr. Rizal & Francisco Equilior
Second prize
Php 20,000
Rizal was a lottery addict
Invested three pesetas every month in lottery tickets
WINS IN MANILA
LOTTERY
Rizal's share Php 6200
Php 2000 Father
Php 200 Basa in Hong Kong
Php 4000
Purchase agricultural lands along coast of Talisay, 1km away
More than 70 hectares
He built home, school and clinic
AS PHYSICIAN
Medicine gratis
Dona Teodora
Have her right eye operated
Infected
OTHER PATIENTS OF
RIZAL
Don Ignacio Tumarong
Rich Filipino Patient
Php 3000
Englishman
Php 500
Don Florencio Azacarraga
Rich haciendero in Aklan
Cargo of Sugar
Water system for dapitan
Held the title of expert surveyor
Constructed a system of waterworks in Dapitan
Community projects for
dapitan
Equipped the town with lighting systems
Beautification of Dapitan
>> Remodelled town plaza
>> Made a huge relief map of Mindanao
out of earth,stones and grass
Rizal as a Teacher
Established a school
Wrote Himno A Talisay
Contributions to science
Explored the jungles and coast of
Mindanao
Sent specimens to Dresden Museum
Built up a rich collection of concology
Discovered rare specimens
Conducted anthropological,
ethnographical , archaeological ,
geological and geographical studies.
Linguistic studies
Learned Bisayang, Subanum and Malay
languages
Wrote Tagalog grammar
Artistic works in dapitan
Contributed his painting skill to the Sisters of
Charity
Designed the curtain
Made sketches of persons,things and animals
Modeled a statuette called The Mothers
revenge
Made a statue of a girl calledThe Dapitan Girl
Wood carving of Josephine Bracken
Made a bust of Father Guerrico and St. Paul
Rizal as farmer
Bought 16 hectares of land in Talisay
Built home, school and hospital
Planted cacao, coffee, sugarcane, coconuts
and fruit trees
Acquired more lands until it reached 70
hectares
Introduced modern agricultural methods
Imported agricultural machinery from US
Dreamed of establishing an agricultural colony
Rizal as businessman
Made profitable business ventures in
fishing, copra and hemp industries
Letter to Hidalgo
Most profitable business was the hemp
industry
Partnership with Ramon Carreon in lime
manufacturing
Organized the cooperative association of
Dapitan farmers
Rizals inventive ability
Invented cigarette lighter called
sulpukan
Machine for making bricks
My retreat
Poem requested by his mother
Entitled Mi Retiro
Considered as one of the best ever
penned by Rizal
II. JOSEPHINE
BRACKEN
Princess Daquiado
Rizal and Josephine
Bracken

A sunbeam to dispel Rizals


melancholy
Rizals fame as an ophthalmic
surgeon
Rizal and Josephine
Bracken
Rizals sisters suspicion
Josephines adoptive fathers
opposition to a marriage with Rizal
Difficulties in trying to marry each
other
Brief separation from Rizal
III. Trying to win Rizal back to Catholicsm
by Jesuits and Friars
Attempts by Jesuits
Father Pablo Pastells-?
Father Antonio Obach-?
Father Jose Villaclara-?
Father Francisco Sanchez-?
Rizal-Pastells Debate on
Religion

Tumagal ng 8 months(september 1, 1892-


April 1893)
Cause is sending of Sardas Book(pastells
background,ano posisyon niya nung
panahong to)
Rizal wanted to know if he could turn back
Mutual Cordiality and respect
Rizals explanations
Anti-Catholic Ideas
Bitter to friars
Individual judgement through reason
- Bible as a classical writing
- Miracles are impossible
- Christ is just a great man
- Church is great but not Divine
Fr. Pastells Explanations
Humans were inborn corrupted and
imperfect
Misconceptions of rationalism
Accused Rizal being a protestant
His argument is from authority
Elements of Rizals rationalist
rhetoric on Religion
Primacy of concience
Firm belief in God
Boundless trust in Divine Providence
The profound experience of God as a
loving Father
Sense of Mission
Strength of Conviction
Open-mindedness
Result: Stalemate
Rizal could not be convinced by Pastells
argument
Gave each other gifts
Catholicism of Renan and Teilhard de
Chardin???
Imitacion De Cristo
by: Fr. Thomas a Kempis
Reactions of Father Juan
Ricart
Possible reason of the failure of the
Jesuits:
-Captain Carcinero as a freethinker
- Marriage of Rizal and Josephine
bracken
Attempts by Friars
FIRST ATTEMPT
Offered rizal:
- Proffesor in a university
- landed estate
- P100,000-what amount now?
Conditions:
- Retract his Noli Me Tangere and El
Fili
Attempts by Friars
SECOND ATTEMPT
Use of a spy (Florencio Namanan)to
extract information from Rizals letters
and writings to the patriots of Manila.
IV. Visit of Pio Valenzuela
Pio Valenzuela
Pic ni Pio Valenzuela
Pio Valenzuela biography
Why him instead of rizals friends
Mission of Pio
Valenzuela
To notify Rizal about coming revolution
Boarded the steamer Venus
Dr. Valenzuela covered up as a assistant
to a blind man named Raymundo Mata to
ask for Rizals expert medical advice
Rizal objected to plan of
Bonifacio
Reasons:
1. people are not ready for revolution
2. arms and funds must first be collected
before raising a revolution
Rizal also objected to the other plan of
Katipunan to rescue him.
V. DISCOVERY OF KATIPUNAN
Pauline C. Sayson
KATIPUNAN
ANDRES BONIFACIO

- Great Plebeian
- Founder of Katipunan (Kataastaasan,
Kagalanggalang na Katipunan ng mga
anak ng Bayan)
- Bitukang Manok
KATIPUNAN

DR. PIO VALENZUELA

- Emissary to Dapitan
- His mission with Raymundo Mata
- Arrived at Jose Rizals place
KATIPUNAN
REASONS WHY RIZAL OBJECTED
BONIFACIOS PLAN:
A.) Not ready for the Revolution.

B.) Arms and Funds must first be collected


before raising the cry of the revolution.

- He didnt want to break his promise to


Spanish authorities
KATIPUNAN
GOVERNOR GENERAL RAMON
BLANCO

- One of the few Spaniards not alarmed by


the revolution
- Categorized Katipunan existence as false
alarms
- He made a mistake of underestimating the
situation
KATIPUNAN
SPANIARDS KNOWING ABOUT THE
KATIPUNAN
- They started blaming Rizal and people involved
in Katipunan were executed

MILITARY DOCTOR IN CUBA


- Rizal volunteered to be a military doctor in Cuba
- Blumentritt told Rizal to be a volunteer
- Governor Blanco
DAPITAN
THE SONG OF THE
TRAVELER
- Wrote a poem El Canto del Viajero

LEAVING DAPITAN
- Four years exile in Dapitan ended
- Funeral March of Chopin
VI. TO THE YOUNG
WOMEN OF
MALOLOS
Princess Daquiado
A legacy to the Filipino women
Addressed to all kinds of women
Originally written in Tagalog
Salient Points:

The rejection of the spiritual


authority of the friars
The defense of private judgment
Qualities Filipino mothers need to
possess
Salient Points:

Duties and responsibilities of Filipino


mothers to their children
Duties and responsibilities of a wife
to her husband
Counsel to young women on their
choice of a lifetime partner
Rizals Message to the Filipino
Women
Now that you have responded to our first appeal in the interest
of the welfare of the people; now that you have set an
example to those who, like you, long to have their eyes
opened and be delivered from servitude, new hopes are
awakened in us and we now even dare to face adversity,
because we have you for our allies and are confident of
victory. No longer does the Filipina stand with her head bowed
nor does she spend her time on her knees, because she is
quickened by hope in the future; no longer will the mother
contribute to keeping her daughter in darkness and bring her
up in contempt and moral annihilation. And no longer will the
science of all sciences consist in blind submission to any unjust
order, or in extreme complacency, nor will a courteous smile
be deemed the only weapon against insult or humble tears the
ineffable panacea for all tribulations.etc...etc.
Rizals Message to the Filipino
Women
The fighting spirit of the young
women of Malolos
Ultimate desire to provide women
the same opportunities enjoyed by
men in education
Emphasis on freedom of thought
and right to education for all
Responsibilities of Filipino Mothers to
Children
Let us be reasonable and open our eyes, especially you women,
because you are the first to influence the consciousness of man.
Remember that a good mother does not resemble the mother that
the friar has created; she must bring up her child to be the image of
the true God, not of a blackmailing, a grasping God, but of a God
who is the father of us all, who is just; who does not suck the life-
blood of the poor like a vampire, nor scoffs at the agony of the
sorely beset, nor makes a crooked path of the path of justice.
Awaken and prepare the will of our children towards all that is
honorable, judged by proper standards, to all that is sincere and
firm of purpose, clear judgment, clear procedure, honesty in act and
deed, love for the fellowman and respect for God; this is what you
must teach your children. And, seeing that life is full of thorns and
thistles, you must fortify their minds against any stroke of adversity
and accustom them to danger. The people cannot expect honor nor
prosperity so long as they will educate their children in a wrong
way, so long as the woman who guides the child in his steps is
slavish and ignorant.No good water comes from a turbid, bitter
Responsibilities of Filipino Mothers to
Children

Mothers be a good example to their


children
Raise God fearing and Christ-like
children
Awaken and prepare the mind of the
child for every good and desirable
idea
Teach children to prefer death with
honor to life with dishonor
Values to be instilled by the
mother to their children:
Love for honor
Sincere and firm
character Noble action
Clear mind Love for ones
Clear conduct fellowmen
Respect for God
Qualities Mother Have to
Posses
When she is married, she must aid her
husband, inspire him with courage, share his
perils, refrain from causing him worry and
sweeten his moments of affection, always
remembering that there is no grief that a
brave heart can not bear and there is no
bitterer inheritance than that of infamy and
slavery. Open your children's eyes so that
they may jealously guard their honor, love
their fellowmen and their native land, and do
their duty. Always impress upon them they
Qualities Mother Have to
Possess
When a mother handed the shield to her son as he was marching
to battle, she said nothing to him but this: "Return with it, or on
it," which mean, come back victorious or dead, because it was
customary with the routed warrior to throw away his shield, while
the dead warrior was carried home on his shield. A mother
received word that her son had been killed in battle and the army
routed. She did not say a word, but expressed her thankfulness
that her son had been saved from disgrace. However, when her
son returned alive, the mother put on mourning. One of the
mothers who went out to meet the warriors returning from battle
was told by one that her three sons had fallen. I do not ask you
that, said the mother, but whether we have been victorious or
not. We have been victorious -- answered the warrior. If that is
so, then let us thank God, and she went to the temple.
Qualities Mothers Have to
Possess
Be a noble wife
Rear her children in the service of
the state
Set standards of behavior for
women around her
Basic Things a wife must instill
in the mind of her husband:
Activity and industry
Noble behavior
Worthy sentiment
Rizals Advice to Unmarried
Men and Women
This is our dream; this is the desire we
cherish in our hearts; to restore the honor
of woman, who is half of our heart, our
companion in the joys and tribulations of
life. If she is a maiden, the young man
should love her not only because of her
beauty and her amiable character, but also
on account of her fortitude of mind and
loftiness of purpose, which quicken and
elevate the feeble and timid and ward off
all vain thoughts. Let the maiden be the
Rizals Advice to
Unmarried Men and
Women
A people that respect women, like the Filipino people, must know the
truth of the situation in order to be able to do what is expected of it.
It seems an established fact that when a young student falls in love,
he throws everything to the dogs -- knowledge, honor, and money, as
if a girl could not do anything but sow misfortune. The bravest youth
becomes a coward when he married, and the born coward becomes
shameless, as if he had been waiting to get married in order to show
his cowardice. The son, in order to hide his pusillanimity, remembers
his mother, swallows his wrath, suffers his ears to be boxed, obeys
the most foolish order, and and becomes an accomplice to his own
dishonor. It should be remembered that where nobody flees there is
no pursuer; when there is no little fish, there can not be a big one.
Why does the girl not require of her lover a noble and honored name,
a manly heart offering protection to her weakness, and a high spirit
incapable of being satisfied with engendering slaves? Let her discard
all fear, let her behave nobly and not deliver her youth to the weak
and faint-hearted.
What a Woman Should Look
For a Man

A noble and honored name


Manly heart
High spirit incapable of being
satisfied with endangering slaves
Summary
Filipino Mothers should teach their children
love of God, country and fellowmen
Filipino Mothers should be glad and honored
offer their sons in defense for their country
Filipino women should know how to protect
their dignity and honor
Filipino women should educate themselves
The Christian way of faith is living with good
morals and manners