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Sudut Pandang Penggunaan Plastik Kecil dari

Sektor Industri dan Kemungkinan Alternatif


Penggunaan Kemasan yg Ramah Lingkungan

Rachmat Hidayat
Wakil Ketua Umum GAPMMI Kebijakan Publik dan Hub. Antar Lembaga

FGD Kajian Dampak Penggunaan Plastik Kemasan Kecil terhadap


Konsumen dan Lingkungan
Badan Perlindungan Konsumen Nasional Kemendag Fakultas
Teknologi Pertanian IPB
INDONESIAN ECONOMIC
& DEVELOPMENT OF FOOD
INDUSTRY.
Economic growth and
dynamic market in the midst
INDONESIA 2014 : The facts
Strategic geographic location and strong global presence
Total land area Indonesia is around 1.910.931 km and sea
area is around 3.544.744 km (BPS, Feb2012)
Second biggest coastline in the world with 104.000 km.
(BPS, Feb 2012 ) and +/- 13.000 Islands
Estimated more than 252.164,800 populations in June
2014 (BPS, 2015).
The 4th most populous Country in the World
Average population growth within 2010-2014: 1,4% (BPS,
2015)
Dynamic and youthful population (+/- 53% < 29years old)
(BPS, 2015)
49.75 % Women, 50.25% Man (BPS, 2015)
46.7 % living in rural area and 53.3% in urban (prediction
in 2015, BPS)
Population distribution : Java 56,9%, Sumatera 21,6%,
Sulawesi 7,3, Kalimantan 6,0%, Bali /Nusa Tenggara 5,5%,
and Maluku/Papua 2,7% (BPS ,2015)
Java Island contribute around 58.3% of GDP in Q1, 2015.
Followed by Sumatra 22.56%, Kalimantan 8.26%, Sulawesi
5.72%, Bali & Nusa Tenggara2.97%, Papua & Maluku 2.19%
(BPS, 2015)
Estimates 30 millions Peoples have strong buying power
56.5% middle class income in 2010 (World Bank report,
2011; Bank Indonesia)
GINI Index 0.41 (SUSENAS , 2012)
64%ofGDPiscontributed by domestic consumptionwhich
helps Indonesiatobufferexternalexposure
Ytd Oct inflation is 6.25%, however, Food raw
material, processed food, drink, cigarette inflation
is still as high as 8.23%

Combined Inflation Rate DEC 2014 OCT 2015


of 82 Cities (2013
TOTAL INFLATION 8.36 6.85
2015)
FOOD RAW MATERIAL 10.57 6.85
PROCESSED FOOD, DRINK,
8.11 8.23
CIGARETTE
HOUSING, WATER,
7.36 4.78
ELECTRICITY, GAS & FUEL
CLOTHING 3.08 4.15
HEALTH 5.71 5.82
EDUCATION, RECREATION,
Source: BPS (Nov, 2015) AND SPORT
4.44 4.31
Trend : Rupiah is being stronger (12
What is theOctober
impact to2015)
F&B Industry?
Raw material, Investment, Export , etc
15,000.00

14,500.00

14,000.00

13,500.00

13,000.00
Sell
12,500.00 Buy

12,000.00

11,500.00

11,000.00

Source: BI
ASEAN BUSINESS OUTLOOK SURVEY 2016
(AMCHAM & US CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE)
Indeks Tendensi Bisnis

Source: BPS
GDP Growth in 2011 2014 (YoY %)
F&B (non Tobacco) Growth 9.54% in 2014 and
Contribution 29.77% to GDP Non Oil Industry
INDICA
2011 2012
Sector
201 2014
TOR 3 *
GDP
6.49 6.26 5.78 5.11
Growth
GDP
Growth
Non Oil 6.74 6.42 6.10 5.34
Industr
y
F&B
Growth 10,3
10,98 4,07 9,54
base in 3
2010
Contrib
ution
to GDP *temporary
Non-Oil GDP growth Q3- 2015: 4.73 %
Industr
Source : BPS , calculated by Kemenperin, (Y0Y)
Food Industry: Number of Establishment, Workers
Engaged, Labor Cost, and The Value of Change in
Fixed Capital
ce: Statistical Year Book Indonesia 2015
, 2012
10 = Food - 2014
; 11 = Beverages Large and Medium

Micro & Small in


millions Rp
Food Industry: Value of Gross Output over 1.200
Trillions
ce: Statistical Year Book Indonesia 2015 in; 11
10 = Food 2014
= (Large & Medium in billions R
Beverages

(Micro & Small in millions R


Investment Performance: F&B Investment
INVESTME
2011 Realization
2012 2013 2014 2015 (Sept)
NT P I P I P I P I P I
DDI 258 222 434 493 628
(Rp. 7,940. 11,166. 15,080. 19,596. 18,109.
Billions) 90 70 90 39 11
FDI 308 347 797 1,054 886
(USD 1,104. 1,782.9 2,117.8 3,139.6 1,161.0
millions) 60 0 0 0 5
Total 566 569 1,231 1,547 1,514
DDI (Rp. Billions) FDI (USD millions)
25,000.00 3,500.00

3,000.00
20,000.00
2,500.00

15,000.00
2,000.00

1,500.00
10,000.00

1,000.00
5,000.00
500.00

- -
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Source: BKPM
Trade Balance of Semi processed & Processed Food
in 2013-2015
In USD . Source: BPS/ Ministry of Trade

Indonesia -
WorldExport Import Balanced
2015
2013 2014 2015 August 2013 2014 2015 August 2013 2014 August

Indonesia -
5,705,938, 6,353,427, 3,910,279,9 7,326,879, 7,304,062, 4,171,409,0 (1,620,941, (973,452, (261,129,
189 439 89 578 157 68 389) 139) 079)

ASEAN
Country
2013
Export
2014
2015
2013
Import
2014
2015
2013
Balanced
2014
2015
August August August
922,857,9 813,305,5 532,769,74 435,059,76 392,852,44 238,861,4 487,798,2 420,453,12 293,908,27
MALAYSIA
82 70 9 4 7 74 18 3 5
385,771,7 456,899,0 313,961,53 16,349,11 309,975,7 426,942,26 297,612,41
PHILIPPINE 75,796,001 29,956,751
04 18 0 2 03 7 8
SINGAPOR 348,972,0 309,196,6 181,678,01 250,723,14 215,983,59 133,302,4 98,248,92
93,213,033 48,375,566
E 76 23 8 8 0 52 8
225,522,7 223,762,9 131,009,12 32,361,79 201,996,0 199,573,04
VIETNAM 23,526,734 24,189,870 98,647,326
40 18 0 4 06 8
224,476,0 307,079,7 173,824,71 217,996,3 307,061,58 173,801,89
CAMBODIA 6,479,684 18,170 22,817
72 57 3 88 7 6
200,818,0 187,767,4 124,666,78 835,434,70 870,044,57 457,049,3 (634,616,6 (682,277,1 (332,382,5
THAILAND
87 49 1 2 0 04 15) 21) 23)
BRUNEI
13,464,90 13,244,23 13,464,90
DARUSSAL 9,908,843 - - - 13,244,236 9,908,843
3 6 3
AM
10,596,20
MYANMAR 8,834,973 8,974,041 375,223 2,463,692 3,331,458 8,459,750 8,132,512 5,642,583
4
(6,454,340 (50,494,72
LAOS 267,540 123,094 72,742 6,721,880 50,617,818 741,902 (669,160)
) 4)
2,330,986 2,321,974 1,476,865,5 1,634,117,1 1,586,126, 882,020,3 696,868,9 735,847,96 594,845,22
TOTAL 12
,077 ,869 37 36 908 13 41 1 4
INDONESIA in the World Rank

3/9/17 13
Evolution related to F&B Industry
Big Challenges
An evolution in the
Food Industry and
Trade

3/9/17 15
3/9/17 16
FOOD PACKAGING
Factors that affect product quality

TECHNOLOGY(Equipment/
machinery,process,Operator)

PRODUCT
QUALITY
(M M
ain AT N G
, S ERI
u p AL A GI
po
rti C K
ng
) PA
Food packaging : a very complex function

ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
IMPACT packaging
Reduce the use of materials
packaging investment
materials machines
Recycling efficiency
ecological system PROTECTION
Food Packaging Shelf Life/ maintain
MARKETING product quality
Security products
value-added
comfort
concept LOGISTIC
Shelf impact Secondary
Printing , packaging
labeling Transportasi
Supply chain
CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD PACKAGING
Main Focus

24
FOOD PACKAGING LOGO

For packaging in direct contact with food, on the


printed label phrase : 'for food use' or 'food
grade' or include the logo glass and fork as
follows :

25
Plastics Packaging

Milk : LDPE, HDPE (bottle)


Cheese : nylon/PE, PET/PE, PET/Saran/PE
Fresh meat: PVC or cellophane
Frozen food : LDPE, LDPE/Nilon
Fresh vegetable and fruit : LDPE, EVA, PVC
Coffee : Foil, metallized polyester/PE
Instant Coffee : PVDC/PVC
Fat/margarine : PVC, PS
Jam/confectionery : PS (small size), HDPE (big size)
Salt : HDPE
Spices : LDPE
Bread : Selulosa, OPP, PP
Dry food/cereal : LDPE/paper, LDPE/Al.foil/LDPE/paper
Industri dan Pengelolaan
Sampah
Coalition for sustainable
packaging
Coalition For
Sustainable Packaging-
CSP is the coalition of private sectors,
mostly from multinational FMCG
Company which have strong commitment
to find solution on post consumer
packaging waste.

Unilever, Coca Cola, Nestle,


Aqua Danone, Tetrapack and
Indofood initiate the establishment
of CSP, at present focus on driving
advocacy and communication
strategy on sustainable packaging
and post consumer packaging
waste management.
Kegiatan CSP periode 2010-
2014
Workshop internal untuk pembentukan
CSP
Studi bersama tentang Komposisi
Sampah Jakarta bersama Universitas
Indonesia (2011)
Berbagai forum dialog dengan
Kemenperin dan KLH tentang
Pengelolaan Sampah Kemasan
melibatkan ahli dari UI, ITB dan BPPT
Workshop untuk memberikan masukan
bagi penyusunan peta Jalan
Pengelolaan Sampah (2014, report
terlampir)
Komposisi Sampah di kota
besar
i o

Karet; 2% Lain-lain; 0% Kaca; 1% Logam; 0%


Kertas; 6% Plastik emberan; 9%
Plastik; 17% Tekstil; 7% Plastik tidak laku; 16%
Plastik kresek; 46%
Karung Plastik; 3%
Organik; 67% Plastik PS; 4%
Platik PP; 9%
Plastik PE; 10% Sandal plastik; 1%

Slopan; 2%

Komposisi Sampah di TPST Komposisi Jenis2 Plastik Hasil Pengukuran


Bantar Gebang Pengukuran UI, berdasarkan berat sampah Pengukuran UI,
2010 2010
Upaya Industri dalam Pengelolaan
Sampah
Proses Paska
Produksi konsumsi

- Upaya advokasi
- Mengurangi gramasi
- R&D untuk bahan - Edukasi masyarakat
baku yang lebih - Community Waste Bank
ramah lingkungan - Pemberdayaan Pemulung
- Inovasi desain dan - Bantuan teknologi untuk
material produk pendaur ulang
- R&D teknologi daur ulang
Rekomendasi CSP dalam
Pengelolaan sampah

- Perlunya StragNas sebagai acuan kebijakan pengelolaan


sampah nasional
- Benchmark tentang pengelolaan sampah dari Negara di
ASEAN
- Perlu pengakuan terhadap sector informal yang selama ini
aktif dalam industry daur ulang
- Peranan industri tidak hanya dilihat dari sisi post consumer
waste, tetapi juga dari program lain yang telah dijalankan
- Perlu dipertimbangkan tentang kemasan barang impor,
siapa yang bertanggung jawab terhadap plastik/styrofoam
tersebut dan bagaimana mekanismenya.
- Selain plastik, sebaiknya kemasan lain (kaleng, karton, dll)
juga dimasukkan ke dalam roadmap pengelolaan sampah
industri.
Rekomendasi CSP dalam
Pengelolaan sampah
Penggunaan kemasan biodegradable mempunyai banyak
kendala atau kelemahan, antara lain membutuhkan biaya
yang tinggi, cepat rusak, dan tidak dapat digunakan untuk
makanan. Selain itu, dalam penggunaannya jangan sampai
menimbulkan persepsi yang salah di masyarakat, bahwa
kemasan biodegradable dapat dibuang sembarangan ke
lingkungan.
Perlu dibuat strategi nasional sebelum menyusun roadmap.
Hal ini sesuai Pasal 7 UU 18/2008.
StragNas sebaiknya komprehensif dimana pengolahan
sampah organik yang (jumlah) persentasenya jauh lebih
besar juga diberikan bobot & perhatian yang sama dengan
sampah non organik.
Perlu forum untuk berbagi pengetahuan dan pengalaman
antar industri tentang pengurangan sampah yang telah
dilakukan oleh industri.
Peranan Industri

1. Melakukan program edukasi kepada


masyarakat
2. Pencantuman keterangan "Bisa didaur
ulang" di kemasan, untuk mendorong
masyarakat melakukan daur ulang
3. Menjajaki teknologi yang memungkinkan
upaya daur ulang
4. Mendorong upaya intervensi teknologi
untuk pengelolaan sampah
5. Melakukan upaya untuk meningkatkan nilai
ekonomis sampah kemasan. co/
pendampingan pemulung.
Terim
a
kasih