Sei sulla pagina 1di 25

Presentation

of
Breastfeedin
g
and
Weaning
Under
supervision
Dr . Hanna_
Dr . Sara_
Preparation
Mohamed Saad Mena Allah
Hassan Allam Mohamed
Mena Allah

Fekry
Osman
Mena Allah Mona Ahmed
Mohamed Abdo Mohamed
Maraim
Mona Reda
Mahamoud Abu
Zeid Abd El Razek
Outlines
chapter No slides
1- Breast 7 ;6
The breast

Breast anatomy

2- Breastfeeding 8:12
Benefits of

breastfeeding
Benefits for
mother
Benefits for
3- Health 13:17
breastfeeding
The best position

for breastfeeding
Maternal

breastfeeding
problems
Nursing care plan

of the breastfeeding
4- Weaning 18:24
Definition of

weaning
The breast is a unique organ
that is designed for the
The
purpose of providing the
newborn with nourishment.
Breast
The anatomy of the breast and
the way it makes milk are
unique to the female. The
breast makes milk in response
to several different stimuli.
These include the physical
emptying of the breast,
hormonal stimulation, and
sensory stimulation that the
Breast Anatomy
Definition of
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is feeding
of an infant or young
child with breast milk
directly from female
human breasts , not
from a baby bottle or
.other container
Benefits of
breastfeeding
Immunological:
Breastfed babies are at lower risk of
infection.
Nutritional:
Easy to digest, optimal blend of
nutrients, low risk of contamination.
Psycho/social:
Bonding, pain relief, maternal
confidence & empowerment.
Financial:
Milk is always available: shorter
hospital stay.
Benefits for
mother
Breastfeeding burns extra
calories, so it can help you
lose pregnancy weight faster.
It releases the hormone
oxytocin, which helps your
uterus return to its pre-
pregnancy size and may
reduce uterine bleeding after
birth. Breastfeeding also
lowers your risk of breast and
ovarian cancer. It may lower
your risk of osteoporosis, too.
Benefits for
infant
Breast milk provides the ideal
nutrition for infants. It has a
nearly perfect mix of vitamins,
protein, and fat -- everything
your baby needs to grow. And it's
all provided in a form more easily
digested than infant formula.
Breast milk contains antibodies
that help your baby fight off
viruses and bacteria.
Breastfeeding lowers your baby's
Breastfeeding has been linked
to higher IQ scores in later
childhood in some studies.
What's more, the physical
closeness, skin-to-skin
touching, and eye contact all
help your baby bond with you
and feel secure. Breastfed
infants are more likely to gain
the right amount of weight as
they grow rather than become
overweight children. The AAP
The best
position
for
The best position for you is the one
where you and your baby are both
breastfee
comfortable and relaxed, and you
don't have to strain to hold the
ding
position or keep nursing. Here are
some common positions for
breastfeeding your baby:

Cradle position. Rest the side of


your baby's head in the crook of
your elbow with his whole body
Football position. Line your
baby's back along your
forearm to hold your baby
like a football, supporting
his head and neck in your
palm. This works best with
newborns and small babies.
Side-lying position. This
position is great for night
feedings in bed. Side-lying also
works well if you're recovering
from an episiotomy, an incision
to widen the vaginal opening
during delivery. Use pillows
under your head to get
comfortable. Then snuggle
Maternal
breastfeeding
Nipple trauma- 1
problems
Inverted nipples- 2
Breast engorgement- 3
Mastitis- 4
Breast abscess- 5
Premature babies- 6
Worries about producing- 7
enough milk
Blocked ducts-8
The nurse has several
roles when
Nursing assisting
Care of a
the Breastf
woman who is breast-
feeding. These roles
include assessing breast-
feeding readiness,
assisting with
breastfeeding technique,
assessing newborn fluid
intake, and providing
teaching about special
Weaning
It is introducing a
variety foods
gradually to
infants, alongside
usual milk (breast
or formula)
When to wean
In many cultures a baby is
breastfed for two or three years.
This is not the norm the world
over. While weaning is a personal
decision, nutritionists and
physicians advise breastfeeding
for at least one year because by
that time most infants have
outgrown most of their food
allergies and will thrive on
alternative nourishment. We urge
way of filling your babys need for
intimacy and appropriate
dependency on other people. If
these needs are met early on, your
child will grow up to be a sensitive
and independent adult. We have
noticed that children not weaned
before their time are:

more independent and self-


confident
Gravitate to people rather than
things
Are easier to discipline
Important Principles for
Weaning
Begin at ~ 6 mo of age.
Avoid foods with high allergenic potential
(cow's milk, eggs, fish, nuts, soybeans).
At the proper age, encourage a cup rather than
a bottle.
Introduce 1 food at a time.
Energy density should exceed that of breast
milk.
Iron-containing foods (meat, iron-supplemented
cereals) are required.
Zinc intake should be encouraged with foods
such as meat, dairy products, wheat, and
rice.
Phytate intake should be low to enhance
mineral absorption.
Breast milk should continue to 12 mo; formula
Nursing education
for weaning
You can begin by mixing a
teaspoon of one of the
following foods with your
baby's usual breast or formula
milk:
Mashed fruit: soft fruits such
as banana or cooked fruit such
as pear or apple .
Mashed cooked vegetables,
Always stay with your baby
when they are eating.
Remember to keep your baby
sitting in an upright position,
well supported (for example in a
high chair) and facing forwards
when introducing solid foods.
This will help to reduce the risk
.of choking
Never offer food from a bottle
not only can this cause choking
but it can also damage your
.Take your time and don't rush

Most babies know when they


have had enough to eat and
there is no point in trying to
'persuade' them to eat more.
Similarly, if they refuse to try a
new food then it is important
not to make a fuss. Simply take
the food away and try it again
on another day. You may need
to offer a food 10-15 times