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Adjective Clauses:
Review and Expansion

The Fearless Princess


A Fairytale
Focus on Grammar 5
Part IV, Unit 11
By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
Copyright 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Once upon a
time, there was a
prince.
He decided to
take a walk in a
dark and scary
forest.
All of a
sudden, a
terrible storm
moved in
and the prince got
completely lost.

In the morning, a
terrifying dragon found
the prince. The prince
became very, very
scared.

Suddenly a knight in
armor appeared
from behind a tree
and attacked the
dragon.

Now, the terrible


dragon was
afraid and ran
away.

When the prince


walked up to the
knight, the knight
took off his armor

and a
beautiful
princess stood
in front of him.
She was strong
and smart and
sweet

and she
took him to
her castle
where they
lived happily
ever after.

Definitions
Definitions
Can you complete these definitions?
An adjective describes
or modifies
a noun
An adjective
describes
or pronoun.

An adjective
is a clause
An adjective
clause isclause
a dependent
that describes a noun or pronoun in a main clause.
Adjective
clause
pronouns
(or relative
Adjective
clause
pronouns
(or relative
pronouns)
are and that.
are who,pronouns)
whom, which,

Relative
Relative Pronouns
Pronouns 11
Use who and that to refer to people.
This is the prince
who got lost.
Here is the knight
that the prince respects.
This is the princess who
saved the prince.

Relative
Relative Pronouns
Pronouns 22
Use which and that to refer to things.

The knight holds the sword


which scared the dragon.
The dragon that scared the
prince spits fire.

Relative
Relative Pronouns
Pronouns 33
That is less formal than who and which.
which

The knight holds the sword


that scared the dragon.
This is the princess
that saved the princes life.

Adjective
Adjective Clauses
Clauses 11
Here is the knight.
He attacked the
dragon.
subject

Here is the knight who attacked the dragon.


noun
adjective clause
describes the noun

Adjective
Adjective Clauses
Clauses 22
Do you see the
dragon?
It scared the prince.
subject

Do you see the dragon that scared the prince?


noun
adjective clause
describes the noun

Adjective
Adjective Clauses
Clauses 33
The dragon was
dangerous.
The knight attacked the
dragon.
object

subject

The dragon that the knight attacked was very


dangerous.
noun

adjective clause
describes the noun

Adjective
Adjective Clauses
Clauses 44
The prince was scared.
The princess saved
him.
object

subject

The prince whom the princess saved was scared.


noun
adjective clause
describes the noun

Practice 1
2

Form sentences with


adjective clauses.

Who and
what
are these
fairytale
figures and
items?

3
4

Using
Using Whose
Whose 11
Use whose to replace a possessive adjective.
An adjective clause with whose can modify people.
The princess was
powerful.
They lived in her
castle.
noun

The princess whose castle they lived in was


powerful.

Using
Using Whose
Whose 22
An adjective clause with whose can also
modify things.
The dragon ran away.
Its appearance terrified the
prince.
noun

The dragon whose appearance terrified the prince ran


away.

Practice 2

Combine the sentences below.


Change the second sentence to an
adjective clause.

Thedragon
dragon,iswhose
fire and smoke
1. The
dangerous.
His
fireeveryone,
and smoke
everyone.
scare
is scare
dangerous.
2. The
frightening.
The storm
storm,isthrough
which the prince is
The prince is walking through the storm.
walking, is frightening.
3. The princess
fearless.
princess,iswith
whom the prince
The prince escapes with her.
escapes, is fearless.

References
References
Copyright 2006 Pearson Education and
its licensors. All rights reserved.