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Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text

that is intended to explain the listeners or readers that
something should or should not happen or be done.
Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books,
journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic
speech or lectures, research report etc.
Hortatory expositions are popular among science,
academic community and educated people.
To strengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer
needs some arguments as the fundamental reasons of
the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be
called as argumentation.

To persuade the readers that
something should or should not be
the case or be done.

Generic Structure:
Thesis: Statement or
announcement of issue concern
Arguments: Reasons for concern
that will lead to recommendation
Recommendation: Statement of
what should or should not happen or
be done based on the given

Language features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using modals
3. Using action verbs
4. Using thinking verbs
5. Using adverbs
6. Using adjective
7. Using technical terms
8. Using general and abstract noun
9. Using connectives/transition

Then what is the basic difference between

analytical and hortatory exposition?
In simple word. Analytical is the answer of
How is/will while hortatory is the answer of
How should. Analytical exposition will be
best to describe How will student do for his
examination? The point is the important thing
to do. But for the question How should
student do for his exam? will be good to be
answered with hortatory. It is to convince that
the thing should be done.

Watching TV
Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course it is. Television can expose your
children to things that you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, drug abuse, etc.
Argument 1:
One study demonstrated that watching too much TV during the day or at bedtime often causes
bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay and anxiety around sleep, followed by shortened sleep
Argument 2:
Another study found a significant association between the amount of time spent watching television
during adolescence and early adulthood, and the like hood of subsequent aggressive acts against
Argument 3:
Meanwhile, many studies have found an association between kids watching a lot of TV, being
inactive and overweight.
Considering some facts above, protect your children with some following tips:
Limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day.
Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms.
Review the ratings of TV shows that your children watch.
Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening during the show.