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A SEMINAR ON

YBRID POWER SYSTEM

PRESENTED BY:
DEBARANJAN PADHIARY
14020051
EE

WHAT IS HYBRID POWER


PLANT
The hybrid power plant is a complete electrical power
supply system that can be easily configured to meet a
broad range of remote power needs.
There are three basic elements to the system - the power
source, the battery, and the power management center.
The power sources are a wind turbine, diesel engine
generator, and solar arrays.
The battery allows autonomous operation by
compensating for the difference between power
production and use.
The power management center regulates power
production from each of the sources, controls power use
by classifying loads, and protects the battery from service
extremes.

Hybrid
Systems
Hybrid power
systems combine
two or more energy
conversion devices,
or two or more fuels
for the same device,
that when
integrated,
overcome
limitations inherent
in either.
Hybrid systems can
address limitations
in terms of Fuel
flexibility, efficiency,
reliability, emissions
and / or economics.

Hybrid Power Systems


Objectives
Define the thrust of a new program
Compile a set of activities that may tap into existing technology
programs to fill in the gaps
Coordinate but not overlap with technology programs
Stimulate innovative thinking that leads to creative business
opportunities
Define how a hybrid power program will accelerate
introduction of all DER technologies that include
renewables
Make determination on the need for an integrated
distributed hybrid power program

TYPES OF NEW ELECTRICAL POWER


SOURCES
CONTROLLED
SOURCES

UNCONTROLLED
SOURCES

Primary energy sources

giving rise to the


possibility of controlling
electrical power
production
Eg. coal

Natural sources giving

unpredictable power and


independent of human
action
Eg. Solar ,wind

WHY HYBRID POWER


PLANT
Electricity should be produced exactly at the time it is needed.
Sun and wind do not meet this requirement. so special types of
Power plant should be built to avoid shortage of power and to utilise all
available sun and wind power.
There are atleast two ways to achieve this aim:
1. power plant using two (or more) primary sources with additional
control system.
2. Electricity energy storage.
For hybrid power plant one of the sources must be controlled source.

EXAMPLE OF HYBRID
SYSTEM
SOLAR WIND HYBRID POWER PLANT
A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL COMBINE WITH A

GAS TURBINE OR MICRO TURBINE


A WIND - FUEL CELL HYBRID SYSTEM
WIND TURBINE WITH BATTERY STORAGE AND
DIESEL BACKUP GENERATOR
DC HYBRID SYSTEM AND MICROGRID

A Hybrid System Arrangements

SOLAR WIND HYBRID POWER SYSTEM

Energy Flow for All-Renewable Hybrid

Wind/Diesel Power
High penetration 130kW
wind added to existing 365kW
diesel
Benefits of hybrid system:
Reduced fuel consumption 5060%, requiring less diesel
storage- Diesel generator
provides continuous power in
absence of wind

CSP Trough/Natural Gas


Concentrating Solar Power
trough plants tied to grid.
Total generating capacity:
354 MW
Up to 25% natural gas
fired

Benefit
-maximizing renewable
resource usage
Eliminated risk of diesel
spills

Wind diesel power


system

Energy flow for wind diesel hybrid


system

Key Points of Large Hybrid Systems

Differences in Energy Storage


Long term energy storage:Larger battery bank to
transfer energy from one time to another. Order of
hours.
Short term energy storage: Energy used for very
short periods to provide grid stability and allow
controlled diesel engine starting. Order of minutes.
Power Quality issues
System Control
DSP based advanced control is required

Advantages
Reliable, continuous power maximizing renewable usage
Reduced fuel consumption 50-60%, requiring less diesel storage
Reduced operating costs
Less electricity
No Power Outages- The next time a hurricane goes through you
will not have to worry about losing power for a week in the
summer. Provided that your system was not damaged.
Pollutants-No pollutants are being released into the air. Cells
only become a problem when it comes time to replace them
(about twenty years)

Conclusions
Hybrid power systems can offer solutions and value to

customers that individual technologies cannot match.


HPS are a good way to have available sources of
electricity which optimise utilisation of primary energy
sources.
Hybrids offer market entry strategies for technologies
that cannot currently compete with the lowest-cost
traditional options.
Some renewable hybrid power systems are
commercially available today.
Many options for the configuration of hybrid systems
-Depend on load, resource, and costs.