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MONASH

ENGINEERING

CHE2163 Tutorial 1 (2016)


TUTOR: JANET LEONG
EMAIL: JANET.LEONG@MONASH.EDU

Q1: b, d, g
Q2
Q3

Question 1

Question 1) b)
Schematic & Modes of Heat Transfer
Natural convection
(escaped steam)

Heat transfers from element to water and


jug unsteadily as temperature of water
increases over time.

Electric jug (kettle)


Main mode:
Natural
Convection
& Boiling

Conduction &
Radiation to surr.
(negligible)

Heating element
(electrical)
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Question 1) d)
Schematic & Modes of Heat Transfer
Motorbike driven: Gladstone -> Brisbane

Air out

Air in
Engine

Long ride: steady-state, main mode = forced convection


Stationary bike: unsteady-state, main mode = radiation
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Question 1) g)
Schematic & Modes of Heat Transfer
Radiation
(from sun to esky)

Conduction
(through esky)

Natural
Convection
(within esky when
ice melts)

Unsteady-state as ice melts over time.


Radiation dominates if esky left in sun.
Conduction is rate-limiting step if esky left in shade.
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Question 2

Question 2
Schematic
Air
T= 25oC (298K)
h = 12 W/m2K
qconv

qrad

BBQ plate
TS = 250oC (523K)

0.4 m

0.6 m
Area, A = 0.4m * 0.6m = 0.24 m2
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Question 2

Assumptions:
1. Steady-state
2. Constant & uniform thermal properties
a) Rate of heat loss from plate due to convection
qconv = h*A*(TS T)
= (12 Wm-2K-1)(0.24m2)(523K 298K)
= 648 W
= 0.65 kW

Question 2

b) Rate of heat loss from plate due to radiation


= Stefan-Boltzmann constant (5.67x10-8 Wm-2K-4)
Assume BBQ plate acts as a black body (=1),
qrad
= **A*TS4
= (1)(5.67x10-8 Wm-2K-4)(0.24m2)(523K)4
= 1,018 W
= 1.0 kW
*Negligible radiation from surroundings (AT4 = 0)
because the BBQ plate is not inside an enclosure.
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Question 2

c) Total heat loss from plate by convection & radiation


Power input required = total heat lost from plate (q total)
qtotal

= qconv + qrad
= 0.65 kW + 1.0 kW
= 1.65 kW

60% of heat loss is from radiation.

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Question 3

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Question 3) a)
Schematic

Assumptions:
1. Steady-state
2. Constant properties
3. Uniform heat dissipation
4. Negligible heat loss from back and sides (well-insulated)
5. 1D heat conduction in chip

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Question 3) a)

a) Steady-state temperature difference between front


and back surface
0
Ein - Eout + Eg = Est

0 steady-state

Ein = Eout
P =q
4W
T

= kA (T / t)

All electrical power (P)


dissipated is
transferred via
conduction through
chip.

= (150 W/mK)(0.005m)2(T / 0.001m)


= 1.1oC

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Question 3) b)
Schematic
b) Maximum allowable chip power

T = 288K

Tmax = 358K
Assumptions:
1. Steady-state
2. Negligible heat loss from back and sides (well-insulated)
3. Isothermal chip
4. Negligible radiation from surroundings (no enclosure)

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Question 3) b)

b) Maximum allowable chip power

Ein - Eout + Eg = Est

Steady-state

Ein = Eout
P =q

= h*A*(TS T)

i) In air (h = 200 W/m2K)


Pmax
= (200 W/m2K)*(0.005m)2(358K 288K)
= 0.35 W
ii) In dielectric liquid (h = 3000 W/m2K)
Pmax
= (3000 W/m2K)*(0.005m)2(358K 288K)
= 5.25 W

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