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Principle

of
Management
Principle of Managemen

ct and Preventive Con

Presented By:Sone Babu


Ankush Dhadwal

Control Process
The process of measuring actual performance,
comparing it against a standard, and taking
managerial action to correct deviation or
inadequate standard

The Control Process


Establish objectives and standards.
Measure actual performance.
Compare results with objectives and standards.
Take necessary action.

Controlling as a Management Function


Controlling ::

A process of monitoring performance and

taking action to ensure desired results.

It sees to it that the right things happen, in the

right ways, and at the right time.


4

Controlling as a Management Function


Controlling ::
It helps ensure that objectives and accomplishments are

consistent with one another throughout an organization.

It helps maintain compliance with essential organizational

rules and policies

REASONS FOR CONTROL OF OVERALL PERFORMANCE

Overall planning is applied to enterprise or


major division goals
Decentralization of authority
Avoid the chaos of semi-independent units
Permits measuring an integrated area of
managers total effort, rather than parts of it
Controls are necessary to check whether the
performance conforms to the plans prepared
by the organization.

Causes of negative deviations


Uncertainty
Lack of knowledge, experience, or judgment

TWO GENERAL APPROACHES TO


NEGATIVE DEVIATIONS

Direct control: the procedure that traces the


causes of an unsatisfactory result back to the
persons responsible for it and get them to
correct their practices.
Preventive control: the procedure that traces
the causes of an unsatisfactory result back to
managers management skill and knowledge.

DIRECT CONTROL
Direct control is carried out once the

deviations from the plans are observed and


then steps are taken to rectify them.
It is the procedure that traces the causes

of an unsatisfactory result back to the


persons responsible for it and get them to
correct their practices.

Advantages:-

All performance can be measured

Personal responsibility exists

Time expenditure is warranted

Mistakes can be discovered in time

Person responsible will take corrective steps

PREVENTIVE CONTROL
It

is based on the idea that most of the


negative deviations from standards can be
overcome by applying the fundamentals of
management.

It

is the procedure that traces the causes


of an unsatisfactory result back to
managers
management
skill
and
knowledge.

Assumptions of preventive
control

Qualified managers make a minimum of


errors

The management fundamentals can be


used to measure performance

Application
of
management
fundamentals can be evaluated

Advantages of preventive control


Greater accuracy is achieved in assigning personal

responsibility.
Preventive control encourages self-control and make

corrective action more effective.


Preventive control may lighten the managerial burden

caused by direct controls.


Employees may be motivated to improve themselves

continuously.

THANK YOU