Sei sulla pagina 1di 25

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES & LIVESTOCK


MINISTRY OF
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY & RESEARCH

Agriculture
Overview

Agriculture Overview
Contribution to GDP

= 20.9%

Labour force employed

= 43.5%

Provides Livelihood to rural population

= 66.7%

Average Growth rate in last 5 years

= 2.8%

Share of agriculture in total exports

= 57.3%

Sectoral Share in Agri.GDP


2014-15

Contribution of Different Sectors in


GDP (%) 2014-15

Fishing; 2% Forestry; 2%

Agriculture; 21%

Crops; 41%
Services Sector; 58%

Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014-15

Industrial Sector; 21%

Share of Agro-based Products in Export


Earnings

87% of total Exports of Pakistan


Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Export Patterns
2001-02

2014-15

Other Sectors; 7% Leather; 5%


her Manuf.; 11% Other Sectors; 3%
Leather; 7%
Other Manuf.; 12%
Engg; 1%
Textile & Garments; 56% Engg.; 1%
Food; 10%
Food; 19%
Textile; 68%

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Overview
Total Area

79.61 M. Ha

Cultivated Area

22.00 M. Ha

Irrigated

80%

Population (2014-15)
Rural population
Urban population

Source: Pakistan Economic Survey, 2014-15

191.7 Million
116.5 Million
75.2 Million

Status of Agriculture
Sr.#

Commodity

Production

Ranking

0.5 m ton

3rd

14.0 m bales

4th

175.0 m heads

4th

Chickpea

Cotton

Livestock population

Mango

1.9 m ton

5th

Sugarcane

63.0 m ton

5th

Milk

52.0 b litres

5th

Date

0.6 m ton

6th

Kinnow

2.0 m ton

6th

Apricot

0.3 m ton

6th

10

Wheat

25.5 m ton

8th

11

Onion

1.8 m ton

8th

12

Rice

7.0 m ton

13th

Why
Agriculture?

Why Investment in Agriculture?

Guarantees Food Security to over 190 million people

Jobs opportunities for millions through services and


value addition

Minimum cost of development

Maximum return with minimum investment

Minimum gestation period

Most potent weapon for poverty alleviation

Equitable distribution of wealth

Life line for industrial sector

Minimum dependence on energy

Investment
Opportunities

Investment Opportunities
1.

Aquaculture Value Chain Development

2.

Olive & Grapes Value Chain

3.

Farm Mechanization

4.

Inclusive Value Chain for Horticulture

5.

Seed Enterprise (Vegetable Seed Production)

6.

Livestock Breeding Farms

7.

Dairy Products

8.

Meat Production & Value Addition

9.

Veterinary Vaccine & Pharmaceutical Production

Aquaculture Value Chain Development


Grow out Farming
Existing Status

Potential to
develop

Investment
required

Inland Areas

Coastal and Marine

Existing Farms

250,000 Acres (10 Clusters), Mainly


Carps

25 Acres

Existing
Production

1 ton/Acre
Total 250,000 tons

Experimental

Productivity

1 ton to 3.5 ton for carp &


Upto 100 ton for catfish

6 ton per acre

Target to
develop

One million ton carp and other fish

One million ton shrimp and high


value fish

Hatcheries

150 multi-purposes hatcheries (Rs. 30


million per hatchery)

150 Multipurpose hatcheries


(Rs. 150 million per hatchery)

Feed mills

500 feed mills (Rs. 100 million per


feed mill)

500 feed mills (Rs. 100 million


per feed mill)

Cold Chain

4000 refer trucks (each cost Rs. 5


million)

4000 refer trucks (each cost Rs.


5 million)

Processing
Plants

800 fish processing plants

1000 fish processing plants

Manpower
training required

Trained 50,000 farmers (training cost


Rs. 50,000/farmer)

Trained 250,000 farmers


(training cost Rs. 50,000/farmer)

Olive & Grapes Value Chain


Olive Value Chain
Total Suitable Area
Plantation Area
Capital Cost (Plants)
Operational Cost
Value
Grapes Value Chain
Table Grapes demand in EU (Winter)
Area
in Pakistan
Existing Production
Potential area in Pakistan
Value of Export as Summer Crop

12.72 million ha
03 million ha
Rs.2 million
Rs.1 million/annum
Rs.25 million/annum
1.5 million ton
15000 ha
66000 tons
1 million ha
Rs.10.5 billion

Farm Mechanization
Total cultivated area

22 million ha (58.5%)

Total farms and types

8 million (93% small )

Farm mechanization in Pakistan


Overall Power available

Limited to tractors, cultivators,


trolleys , threshers & tube wells
One tractor/400 ha (arable land)
or 1.4kw/ha

Total Potential Clusters in Pakistan: 5000


Establishment of Rental Company (cluster of 1000 ha)
Total Investment per cluster

Rs. 60 Million

Operational Cost

Rs. 5 million/annum

Economic return/cluster/year

Rs. 11 Million/Year

Inclusive Value Chain for Horticulture


Total Fruit Production

7 million tons

Existing large scale processing units

>1000

Existing Value addition

2-5%

Export Value from Pakistan (USD million)

Fresh fruits: 380


Dates: 51 (processed)

World horticulture market

80 Billion US$

Pakistans share

< 250 million US$

Target for next 10 years


Gap

20% (1.4 Million Ton)


1.1-1.2 Million Ton

Quantity of Value added products

0.4 Million Ton

International Market Price

5000-7000 US$ per ton

Expected export value (10 year)

2.4 Billion US$

Seed Enterprise (Vegetable Seed Production)


Existing Status
Vegetable Area
Local Seed Production
Import of seed of vegetable
Crops for seed Production
OP Vegetable Seeds
Cost for 100 ha
Running cost
Value of seed
Hybrid Vegetable Seeds
Cost for 100 ha
Running cost
Value of seed

252,938 ha
Negligible
5000 tons
20 crops (onion, tomato, chili etc.)
Rs.50 million
Rs.25 million
Rs.70 million per annum
Rs.300 million
Rs.100 million
Rs.500 million per annum

Livestock Breeding Farms


Livestock herd: 175 million heads
Cattle (41.2), buffalo (35.6), Sheep (29.4), Goat (68.4), Camel (1.0)
Nili Ravi and Kundhi buffaloes, Red Sindhi and Sahiwal cows are
famous for milk production, heat tolerance and tick resistance
Elite animal milk production ranges between 20-30 litre/day
Less than 50 well reputed public & private farms of elite animals exist
Commercial dairying rely on import of exotic animals (Friesian and Jersey)
Present number of imported dairy animals 46000
Value of each animal
2000 US$
Total worth
92 million US$
Potential for establishing breeding farm
400,000 each of 100 animals
Investment for establishing 100 animal breeding farm:
Capital Investment
Operational cost
Revenue

Rs. 180 million


Rs. 15 million
Rs. 27 million

Dairy Products
Mozzarella Cheese (from Buffalo Milk)

Buffalo Milk Production in Pakistan

32 billion litres

Milk processing capacity of cheese plant

1000 Litres /day

Mozzarella yield

150 kg/day (@ 15%)

Capital cost (one time investment)

Rs. 7 million

Operational cost

Rs. 22 million

Sale price of cheese (for export market)

Rs. 2500/kg

Revenue from sale of cheese

Rs. 112 million/year

Potential for channelizing 1 billion litres of milk


3000 cheese preparation plants of 1000 litre/day capacity each
1500 cheese preparation plants of 2000 litre/day capacity each

Dairy Products
Goat Milk Cheese
Goat Milk Production in Pakistan
Goat milk price

850 million litres/year


Rs. 50/Litre

Plants required for processing (1 million/litre)

7 (no)

Milk processing capacity of cheese plant

500 Litres /day

Cheese yield

Capital cost (one time investment)

Operational cost

Sale price of cheese (for export market)

Revenue from sale of cheese

75 kg/day (@ 15%)
Rs. 4 million
Rs. 10 million
Rs. 3000/kg
Rs. 67 million/year

Meat Production & Value Addition


Calf Fattening for 500 Calves (120-Day Cycle)
Total beef production in the country
1951(000 tons)
Cattle population
41 million
Buffalo population
36 million
Input Cost (One time)
Rs.13 million
Operational Cost
Rs.23 million
Profit
Rs.1 million/cycle
Small Ruminant (Sheep/Goats) Fattening for 1000 heads (6-Month
Cycle)
Total mutton production in the country
671 (000 tons)
Sheep population
30 million
Goat population
69 million
Input Cost (One time)
Rs.6.0 million
Operational Cost
Rs.16 million
Profit
Rs.4.5 million/cycle

Veterinary Vaccines & Pharmaceutical


Production
Vaccine coverage
15-20%
Local Vaccine Production
10-12 million doses (FMD, PPR,
HS)
Total Requirement
100 million doses (different vaccines)
FMD Losses: Rs. 6 billion & PPR: Rs.34 billion annually
No vaccines produced for pets, equines and wild animals
Veterinary Vaccines
Type of products
Viral & Bacterial (Live & Killed)
Plant cost
Rs.1500 million
Production capacity
100 Million doses/annum
Operation cost
Rs.300-400 million/annum
Expected revenue
Rs.500-600 million/annum
Veterinary Pharmaceutical
Type of products
Antibiotics, anthelmintic, vitamins
and
other therapeutics
Plant cost
Rs.1500 million
Operation cost
Rs.450-550 million/annum
Expected revenue
Rs.650-750 million/annum

Poultry Vaccine
Poultry Birds
Poultry vaccine market size

1343 million
Rs.5-6 billion/ annum

Distribution of market share

90 % by imported vaccines

5 % by three public sector institutes (VRI-Lhr, PRI-Karachi, VRI-Quetta)

5 % by four major private sector companies

Plant cost (Area, equipment, building)

Rs.800 million

Capacity

120,000 vials/month

Operational Cost

Rs.361 million/month

Profit @ 10-15%

Rs.40-50 million/month

Thank You