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SCAFFOLDING

AND TYPES OF
SCAFFOLDING
Reporter:
Silo, Jeter
Gabayan, Lorence
Batayo, Jayson
Pasco, John Caesar R.

SCAFFOLDING

Defined

as a temporary structure made of steel, bamboo, or timber.


Primary aim is to create a platform on which mason can work at
different heights.
Used or intended to be used for the support or protection of workers
engaged in or in connection with construction work.
For the support of materials used in connection with any such work, and
includes any scaffolding constructed and not dismantled.
Includes any plank, coupling, fastening, fitting, or device used in
connection with the construction, erection, or use of scaffolding.

Scaffold Plank

Scaffold Base
Plate

Scaffold Coupler

Scaffold Fastener

Putlog

Toeboard

TYPES OF SCAFFOLDING

The following types of scaffolding are commonly used in building


construction work:

1.
2.
3.
4.

Brick Layers Scaffolding or Single Scaffolding


Masons Scaffolding or Double Scaffolding
Steel or Tubular Scaffolding
Needle Scaffolding or Cantilever Scaffolding

BRICK LAYERS SCAFFOLDING OR


SINGLE SCAFFOLDING

Series of vertical members made of bamboo or timber,


Standards, firmly fixed into the ground in a row parallel to the
building wall. The distance between two standards is 2.4m to 3m.
Standards are connected to each by a longitudinal member,
Ledgers. Ledgers are tied with standards by rope lashing at every
rise of 120cm to 150cm(4ft to 5ft).
Putlogs(transverse horizontal members), are placed at a
horizontal spacing such that one end is supported on the ledgers
and the other end is held in the holes of the wall.
If the height of the scaffolding is very high, to maintain its
stability, Braces(diagonal members) are provided.

BRICK LAYERS SCAFFOLDING OR


SINGLE SCAFFOLDING

DOUBLE SCAFFOLDING/ MASONS


SCAFFOLDING
Commonly used in case of stone masonry. It is stronger than
brick layers scaffolding.
Two rows of standards are fixed into the ground
First row of standards is fixed close to the wall and second row
of standard is fixed at a distance of 1.5m from the first row.
Putlogs are not fixed with the wall. Putlogs are supported at both
ends on ledgers.
Completely independent from the wall surface.
Raking shores are provided to prevent the slipping of scaffolding
away from the wall sometimes.

Raking Shores

Stone Masonry

Double Scaffolding or
Masons Scaffolding

STEEL OR TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING

Steel tube of diameter of 40mm to 60mm are used.


Special types of steel couples are used for fastening.
The gap of standards in a row is generally kept within 2.5m to
3m. These standards are fixed on a square or round steel plate,
Base Plate, by means of wielding.
Ledgers are spaced at every rise of 1.8m. Length of the putlogs
are 1.2m to 1.8m.

ADVANTAGES OF STEEL SCAFFOLDS

Advantages of Steel Scaffolds are as follows:


1.
2.
3.
4.

It can be erected or dismantled more rapidly


Durable
Fire resisting capacity
Suitable and safe to work at any height

STEEL OR TUBULAR
SCAFFOLDING

NEEDLE OR CANTILEVERED
SCAFFOLD

Needle scaffolding or cantilever scaffolding is required in the


following cases:
When it is not possible to fix standard into the ground
When construction is done on the side of a busy street
When construction work is carried out at very high level of a
building
The platform on which the scaffold stands is called the needle, a
cantilever structure that is made of timber, projected from the
holes of the wall.
The inside end of the needle are supported by struts blocked
between the needle and the head pieces.

NEEDLE OR CANTILEVERED
SCAFFOLD

The projected outward end of the needle is supported by an


inclined struts which rests on the window sill.
The joints between the inclined strut and the needle are
clamped by means of dogs.

NEEDLE OR CANTILEVERED
SCAFFOLD