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CHAPTER 2 (PART 2):

COMPUTER ASSEMBLY &


INSTALLATION

2.7 LAPTOP

LAPTOP COMPONENT
External Features Unique to Laptop:
Common Input Devices and LEDs in Laptop
Internal Components
Special Function Keys
Docking Station versus Port Replicator

LAPTOP COMPONENT
External Features Unique to Laptop:
Docking Station versus Port Replicator
A base station attaches to AC power and to
desktop peripherals. When you plug the laptop
into the base station, you have access to power
and the attached peripherals as well as an
increased number of ports.

LAPTOP COMPONENT
External Features Unique to Laptop:
Docking Station versus Port Replicator

Port Replicator

Docking Station
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LAPTOP DISPLAY COMPONENTS


Comparing Display Types:
LCD, LED, OLED, and Plasma Monitors
Internal Components
Backlights and Inverters
Wi-FI Antenna Connectors

LAPTOP DISPLAY COMPONENTS


LCD, LED, OLED, and Plasma Monitors
Four types of laptop displays : LCD , LED , OLED , Plasma LED
Plasma LED monitors use less power and have a longer lifespan than
LCD monitors.
Organic LED (OLED) technology is commonly used for mobile
devices and digital cameras, but can also be found in laptop concept
designs. Will become more popular as the technology improves.
Plasma displays are rarely found in laptops, because they consume
a large amount of power.
Many laptops use a small pin on the laptop cover contacts a switch
when the case is closed, called an LCD cutoff switch.
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LAPTOP POWER SETTINGS


Power Management
Managing ACPI Setting in the BIOS
Managing Laptop Power Options

LAPTOP POWER SETTINGS


Managing ACPI Setting in the BIOS
Technicians frequently are required to configure power settings by changing the settings in the
BIOS setup. The figure shows an example of power settings in the BIOS setup. Configuring the
power settings in BIOS setup affects the following:

System states

Battery and AC modes

Thermal management

CPU PCI bus power management

Wake on LAN (WOL)

NOTE: WOL might require a cable connection inside the computer from the network adapter to
the motherboard.
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LAPTOP POWER SETTINGS


Managing ACPI Setting in the BIOS
In Windows, the ACPI power management mode must be enabled in the BIOS setup to
allow the OS to configure the power management states.
To enable ACPI mode in the BIOS setup, follow these steps:
Step 1. Enter BIOS setup.
Step 2. Locate and enter the Power Management settings menu item.
Step 3. Use the appropriate keys to enable ACPI mode.
Step 4. Save and exit BIOS setup.
NOTE: These steps are common to most laptops, but be sure to check the laptop
documentation for specific configuration settings. There is no standard name for each
power management state. Manufacturers might use different names for the same state.

LAPTOP WIRELESS COMMUNICATION


TECH
Bluetooth
Infrared
Cellular WAN
Wi-Fi

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LAPTOP WIRELESS COMMUNICATION


TECH
Bluetooth
A Bluetooth technology is a
high speed low powered
wireless technology link
that is designed to connect
phones or other portable
equipment together.
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LAPTOP WIRELESS COMMUNICATION


TECH
Infrared
Infrared (IR) wireless technology is a low-power, shortrange wireless technology. IR transmits data using LEDs
and receives data using photodiodes. IR wireless
networks are globally unregulated.
However, the Infrared Data Association (IrDA) defines
the specifications for IR wireless communication.

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LAPTOP HARDWARE & COMPONENTS


Expansion Cards
Flash Memory
SODIMM Memory

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LAPTOP HARDWARE & COMPONENTS


SODIMM Memory

Small Outline Dual In-line


Memory Module, is a type of
computer memory built using
integrated circuits. SO-DIMMs
are a smaller alternative to a
DIMM, being roughly half the
size of regular DIMMs.
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LAPTOP HARDWARE & COMPONENTS


SODIMM Memory
Most types of SO-DIMMs can be recognized at a glance by the distinctive notches that key them for different applications

100-pin SO-DIMMs have two notches

144-pin SO-DIMMs have a single notch near the center

200-pin SO-DIMMs have a single notch nearer to one side. The exact location of this notch varies

204-pin SO-DIMMs (DDR3) have a single notch closer to the center than on 200-pin SO-DIMMs.

260-pin SO-DIMMs (DDR4), 69.6 mm (2.74 inches) wide and 30 mm (1.2 inches) high, making them 2 mm (0.079 inches)
wider than DDR3 SO-DIMMs, with a single notch after pin 144.

260-pin SO-DIMMs (UniDIMM), 69.6 mm (2.74 inches) wide and 30 mm (1.2 inches) or 20 mm (0.79 inches) high, with a single
notch placed differently than on DDR3 SO-DIMMs
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