Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

Auroville(City of Dawn)

Auroville demonstrates how 'urban' & 'rural' areas can


complementarily develop in an integral and holistic way for
their mutual benefit and well-being, as well as city and
environment.
Located in south India,
in the state of Tamil
nadu (some parts are in
the territory of
Pondicherry),
few kilometers inland
from the Coromandel
Coast, approximately
160 kms south of
Chennai and 6 kms
north of the town of
Pondicherry.
Auroville Township is
located along the East
Coast highway which
They come from around 49 nations, from all age groups (from infancy to
provides easy
over eighty, averaging around 30. Thepopulation of the townshipis
accessibility both from
constantly growing. The population of Auroville consisting of resident
Chennai and
Aurovilians has increased from 320 in 1972 to 676 in 1980; presently it
Pondicherry.
is 1519, showing a five-fold increase during the last thirty years.
>Resident Aurovilians
>Researchers and students, who come for short duration to learn and
contribute to the efforts of development.
>Day-workers from neighbouring villages working in Auroville's
economic and service activities.(floating population)
>Short-term, including casual visitors coming to see the experience of
Auroville's work in diverse fields.(floating population)

A universal township in the making where men


and women of all countries are able to live in
peace and progressive harmony, above all
creeds, all politics and all nationalities.
Population of 50,000.
Purpose to realise human unity in diversity.
First and only internationally endorsed ongoing
experiment in human unity andtransformation of
consciousness.
Research into sustainable living with future
The Mother's
cultural, environmental,
social and spiritual needs of
sketch 1965
mankind in mind.
Designed by architectRoger Anger.

The original sketch drawn by the Mother in her own


hand is on the basis for further development of the
Auroville township.

Road access from


East-coast road and
PondicherryTindivanam road.
In the township
there are gravel and
mud roads providing
access to various
facilities/settlements.

The galaxy plan shows the four zones, which are


interconnected through the 'Crown', the second circular
road around the Matrimandir. From the Crown, twelve roads

Nebula

Galaxy
There is another
special use
zone, width of
75m, called the
Crown area
which will
provide most of
the service
facilities
required to
support the
activities in the
four zones

Tropical climate
central part is more than 50m above sea level
where the Matrimandir is located.
The site slopes down from the centre to the
periphery.
Geomorphology of the area helped in
conserving and utilising the rainfall run-off.

SERVICE NODE

Four principal accesses are proposed.


Two accesses are from the Tindivanam-Pondicherry Road,
connecting the Industrial Zone and the International Zone.
The other two accesses are from the East Coast Road
(ECR), which would link the Residential Zone and the
Cultural Zone. T
These roads will provide links to the outer ring road of the
City.
There would be bypass links where the existing narrow
roads pass through village settlements.
Two ring roads

EXISTING LAND
USE :
Developed area
40% is Residential.

Public
spaces
about 28%

Commercial,
manufacturing
and
other
economic
activities constitute
about 12%.
About 13% is under
roads and streets
serving both urban
and non-urban uses.
6 village settlements
with houses made of
mud and thatch.
95 Auroville
residential
Consist of houses in smaller
clusters, ranging
communities
individual dwellings as wellfrom
as apartments.
3 to 80 units.
From a barren and marginal land in 1968,
today it has become a developed and
productive land, entirely through the efforts
of Aurovilians (extensive afforestation and
rain water harvesting).

te factors, Topography, geographical location

Timeline, Direction of growth , population

Tropical climate
dry season January
to July
May and June
hottest months with
occasional showers
Rainy season
October to January
Average rainfall
1230 mm
Wind direction
from southeast

Innovative eco friendly techniques

Layout and system of planning ,


Pattern of settlement

International Zone

Green Belt

3 main categories:
1) Agriculture and farming
2) Land regeneration and
plantation
3) Recreation
Designed to promote
biodiversity enhancement,
environmental management,
land regeneration and water
management.
This will make the Green Belt
not only an asset for Auroville
and the surrounding villages,
but also a National Resource
Centre (NRC) for sustainable
Residential Zone
development.
Of the 1,212 acres that constitute the city area of Auroville,
the Residential Zone is
about 533 acres or 44%, with 280 acres that are directly under residential
development and about 253 as roads, green areas and civic amenities.

Industrial Zone
Of the 1,212 acres that constitute the
The Industrial Zone is about 251
Zero garbage concept city area of Auroville, the International
Rain water
acres or 20.70%, with 38.14 acres
harvesting
Zone is about 150 acres or 12.3%,
as canyons, The second largest
with 37.15 acres already settled, along
zone, the Industrial Zone (109
with 4.25 acres that are in seasonal
hectares), is the designated site
water bodies as they are low-lying.
for small and medium scale
The International Zone (74 hectares) is
industries, commercial arts &
designed to host cultural and national
crafts units, and training centers.
pavilions celebrating the genius of
In addition, the Industrial Zone
each
nation/culture
and
its
Administrative
cum
Solar Energy Bowl
Open areas including Parks,
also
houses
the
citys
contribution(s) to humanity as a whole
habitat
zone
installed on the roof of the
forests and water bodies
administration.
Of the 1,212 acres that constitute
Solar Kitchen, which
As per the galaxy plan and master plan
Solar energy
the city area of Auroville, the
generates enough energy to 2025, it is envisaged to provide parks
products
administrative cum habitat zone is
cook meals for about 1,000
between each zone as a buffer. These
about 45 acres or 0.03%, with
persons a day for the
parks, when integrated with the
20+ acres already developed with
Auroville community.
existing forests within the city area, are
four office buildings
and the rest
Consequences
and problems faced due to the shift
about 315 acres, about 38% of the
as habitat.
total
city
area
including
the
in Lack
development

Cultural zone including educational belt


of adequate housing, discourages new residents to settle
Matrimandir Gardens.

The Cultural Zone, with its outshooting strip of the


provision of adequate housing is tied up with funds for development

educational area, is about 246 acres or 20.29%, with


One of the biggest challenges facing the fulfillment of the Masterplan is the
Bio Gas production :
12.1 acres under forest cover. The Cultural Zone (93
fact that Auroville only owns 60% of the land on which the design is laid out
Alternative energy
hectares) is the area for educational and artistic
and lacks the funding to purchase the remaining land, whose price has
research and expression, and houses numerous
escalated by 500% in the last decade.
educational, cultural, arts and sports facilities, such as
essential need to plan and implement cost-effective infrastructure facilities,