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VISIT OF DR.

PIO VALENZUELA
Another significant event that occurred while he was in Dapitan
was the visit of Dr. Pio Valenzuela, the emissary of Bonifacio. He visited
Rizal to discuss with him the course of the Katipunan and invited him
to join and lead them through the armed revolution against the Spanish
colonial government. His response to this call was somehow vague and
confusing but in many references he responded in an optimistic stand.
Maguigad (2004:33) present that:
Rizal objected to Bonifacios bold project stating that such
would be a veritable suicide. Rizal stressed that the Katipunan
leaders should do everything possible to prevent premature flow of
native blood.
Sensing that the revolutionary leaders were dead set on
launching their audacious project, Rizal instructed Valenzuela that
it would be for the best interests of the Katipunan to get first the
support of the rich and influential people of Manila to strengthen
their cause. He further suggested that Antonio Luna with his
knowledge in military science and tactics, be made to direct the
military operations of the revolution.

Rizals exile in Dapitan ended when he requested the Governor


General for pardon and that he would go abroad and help the Spaniards
as a medical doctor during their war effort in Cuba. His request was
approved and was taken out from Dapitan bound to Barcelona. However,
in the Philippines, the revolution broke out in August of 1896 and he
was implicated as the leader and driving force of the Katipuneros and so
he was transported back to Manila and was brought to Fort Santiago
and was detained there.
TRIAL

Rizal was given a trial but, according to many writers or


historians, this was a mock trial. Although he was provided a defense
lawyer, it was known that the verdict was already made before they even
had the trial in court.

Generally, he was charged with founding illegal association and of


promoting and inducing rebellion (Maguigad 2004:34). His writings,
particularly the novels, were cited as part of the evidences. The
Spaniards also tortured his brother Paciano to get more evidences
against him. Rizal and his defense lawyer, Luis Taviel de Andrade, did
their best to have the not guilty plea but their efforts were in vain.
He was then formally notified of the decision on December 29,
1896 that he would be sentenced to death by musketry and he was to be
shot by sunrise the next day (Maguigad, 2004).

On the last day, Rizal was visited by his family and friends. This
day was considered to be the longest day in Rizals life. The family was
sympathetic to his condition, but he was very determined as if that was
really his fate. He bade farewell to his family and countrymen. In his
prison cell, Rizal wrote his famous Mi Ultimo Adios.