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KESEHATAN

LINGKUNGAN
A safe environment is
fundamental to health

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Lingkungan dan manusia berinteraksi

dan saling tergantung / mempengaruhi


LINGKUNGAN
- LOKAL
MANUSIA
- NASIONAL
- DUNIA

Local action is part of global

responsibility
2

Lingkungan didefinisikan sebagai : all those


matters related to health which are external to
the human body and over which the individual
has little or no control.
Individuals cannot, by themselves, ensure that
foods, drugs, cosmetics, devices, water
supply,etc, are safe and uncontaminated ; that
the health hazards of air, water, and noise
pollution are controlled; that the spread of
communicable diseases is prevented ; that
effective garbage and sewage disposal is
carried out ; and that the social environment,
including the rapid changes in it, do not have
harmful effects on health

Environmental Components and Health Hazards


Components

Health Hazards

Physical :
Air
Water
Soil
Food
Climate and weather
Noise level
Radiation level

Physical : heat and cold


radiation
noise

Social :
Work
Transport
Leisure
Housing
Family and community

Chemical : metals
chemical substances
Biological : microorganism
flora and fauna

Social : culture/customs
interpersonal relations
social and political structure
housing factors

Penyusunan alternatif pemecahan masalah dengan analisis faktor resiko/determinan dan


analisis pelaku potensial.

Masalah prioritas

Kependudu Lingkungan Perilaku


kan

TBC

Pelayanan
Kesehatan

kebijakan

Malaria

Pneumonia

Kurang gizi

Hipertensi

Analisis pelaku potensial

Risk Factors
Malaria

Pemerintah
Pemda

Dinkes

Non pemerintah
BKKBN

NGO

Masy

Industri

1. Bekas Galian pasir


2. Ketidakpatuhan
makan obat
3.Penjual obat liar
4.Tidak mau pakai
kelambu
5. Tidak mampu beli
kelambu
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL
CHALLENGES
Population growth
Economic growth
Food production and distribution
Energy and resource depletion
Soil erosion
Deforestation
Water supply
Air pollution
7

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL
CHALLENGES
Chemical/toxic wastes
War/nuclear threats
Ozone depletion
Global warming
Social, economic, and political

inequalities nationality
Inequalities between industrial and
nonindustrial countries

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL
CHANGE
Efek tidak dapat diprediksi dengan pasti
Lebih membutuhkan respons

internasional dari pada hanya upaya


lokal
Terdapat ketimpangan antara negara
miskin (kemiskinan, pendidikan rendah,
pertumbuhan penduduk cepat) dan
negara industri (penggunaan energi
tinggi, pertumbuhan penduduk rendah)

Efek dapat melibatkan lebih dari satu

negara karena terjadi transportasi polusi


melalui angin, air ataupun manusia
Perlu kepedulian terhadap

Kerusakan hutan
Ketersediaan ikan
Polusi di laut
Penipisan ozon : CFC
Global warming : gas rumah kaca (CO2,
CFC, CH4, oksida nitrogen)

Perlu

Kerja sama lintas sektor dalam satu


negara
Kerja sama dan regulasi internasional