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The Personality Patterns

Personality Patterns
Traits or specific qualities of behaviour
Individuals unique adjustments to life

It is the individuals concept of himself as a person


as related to the world in which he lives
Self-concept

Major Factors in determining development of


the personality patterns

Individuals hereditary endowment


Early experiences within the family
Important events in later life outside the home
environment

Role of Heredity

Physique
Intelligence
Temperament
First - the mother
Later the father and siblings
Later extrafamilial figures

Role of Heredity

Heredity the pattern is subject to limitations


Example low grade intelligence

People are not free to choose and develop the


kind of pattern
Example low grade intelligence leader

Role of Learning
Forms of learning

Conditioning
Imitation
Training
Under the guidance & direction of another

Attitudes, characteristics and roles are learned


through repetition and are reinforced by the
satisfaction they bring.

Role of Learning
Learning is important for two reasons
Control can be exercised on learning experiences
Healthy self-concept
Socially approved modes

Learning can be changed and modified


Unhealthy self-concept
Socially unapproved modes

Elements of Personality Patterns


Self-concept

Traits

1.Concept of Self- core / center of gravity


of the patterns

Persons experience
Inner world
Thoughts and feelings
Strivings and hopes
Fears and fantasies
His view of what he is
What he has been
What he might become
Attitude pertaining to his worth

Concept of Self

Components of self-concept
Perceptual physical self-concept
Conceptual psychological self-concept
Attitudinal philosophical self-concept

a) Perceptual physical self-concept


Appearance of the body
Impression on others

b) Conceptual psychological self-concept


His distinctive characteristics
Abilities and disabilities
Background and origins and future

c) Attitudinal philosophical self-concept

Feeling about himself


Present status
Future prospects
Worthiness
Self-esteem
Pride
Shame
Beliefs
Values
ideals

Kinds of Self-concept
Basic real self
Transitory momentarily
Social mirror image
Ideal aspiring self

2. Traits
The major function of traits is to:

Integrate
Lesser habits, attitudes and skills
Into
Larger thought-feeling-action patterns

Meaning of Traits
An aspect or dimension of personality which
consists of a group of related and consistent
reactions characteristic of a persons typical
adjustment.
Traits are learned tendencies to:
1. evaluate situations in a predictable way and
2. react in a manner which the person has found
more or less successful in similar situations.

Characteristics of Traits
a) Uniqueness
b) Degree of likeableness
c) Consistency

Number of Traits
Surface Traits:
Environmental molding
Vary in different cultures

Source Traits
Basic- apply in any culture
Influence many surface