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3G Overview

ZTE University
TD&W&PCS BSS Course Team

Course Objectives
At the end of this course, you will be able to:
Understand evolution of mobile communications
Master 3G frequency allocation
Master 3G mode comparison
Understand ZTE WCDMA Features

Content
Evolution of Mobile Communications
Standardization Organizations of 3G
3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development
ZTE WCDMA Features

Evolution of Mobile Communications

Evolution of Mobile Communications


1G(Analog)

2G(Digital)

3G(Wideband)

GSM
AMPS

TACS

900/1800/1900

CDMA
IS-95
TDMA
IS-136

NMT
PDC

IMT-2000

Evolution of Mobile Communications

FDMA
Frequency Division Multiplex Access Technology

Time
USER3

USER2

USER1

Frequency

Each carrier frequency equals one traffic channel


Voice is transmitted continuously in time domain

Evolution of Mobile Communications

TDMA
Time Division Multiplex Access Technology
Time

USER3
USER2
USER1

Frequency

Increase frequency spectrum efficiency


Voice is transmitted uncontinuously in time domain
System synchronous is very important

Evolution of Mobile Communications

CDMA
Code Division Multiplex Access Technology
Code
Time
USER3
USER2
USER1
Frequency

Large capacity
High voice quality
Soft hand-over

Evolution of Mobile Communications

Duplex Mode
5 MHz channel

FDD mode

TDD mode

Fq. 1

Uplink

Fq. 2

Downlink

5 MHz channel

.
Uplink and Downlink ..
.
.
.

Evolution of Mobile Communications

Multiple Services

Evolution of Mobile Communications

Birth of IMT2000

1985, FPLMTS being put forward

FPLMTS: Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunication System

1996, renamed by IMT-2000

IMT2000: International Mobile Telecommunication 2000

Meaning of 2000

frequency spectrum around 2000MHz

putting into business about 2002

data rate up to 2000kbps

Frequency Range

1992,WRC-92,230MHz

1885-2025MHz(uplink),2110-2200MHz(downlink)

May,2000, WRC-2000, spread frequency range

806-960MHz,1710-1885MHz & 2500-2690MHz

Evolution of Mobile Communications

The Goal of 3G

Higher transmit rate

Rich and colorful service

Good voice quality

Larger capacity

Lower cost

Good secret performance

High frequency efficiency

Max rate up to 2Mb/s

Easy to transition from 2G

Content
Evolution of Mobile Communications
Standardization Organizations of 3G
3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development
ZTE WCDMA Features

Standardization Organizations of 3G

Roadmap to 3G

Standardization Organizations of 3G

Family Conception

WCDMA
CN based on MAP

CDMA2000
CN based on ANSI-41

3G

TD-SCDMA

standards

CN based on MAP

CDMA is the main technology of 3G

Standardization Organizations of 3G

Standardization Organization of 3G
ITU

Standardization Organizations of 3G

3GPP in the World


3GPP - Third Generation Partnership
Project
ARIB - Association of Radio Industries
and Businesses
CWTS - China Wireless
Telecommunication Standard group
ETSI - European Telecommunications
Standards Institute
T1 - Standards Committee T1
Telecommunications
TTA - Telecommunications Technology
Association
TTC - Telecommunication Technology
Committee
GSM - Global System for Mobile
Communications
UMTS - Universal Mobile
Telecommunications System
IETF - Internet Engineering Task
Force
ITU-R - International
Telecommunication Union
-Radiocommunication
ITU-T - International
Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization

Standardization Organizations of 3G

Technical Specification of Wireless Interface

Wireless Interface
IMT-2000 CDMA DS

WCDMA

IMT-2000 CDMA MC

CDMA 2000

IMT-2000 CDMA TDD

TD-SCDMA

Standardization Organizations of 3G

3G Spectrum

Standardization Organizations of 3G

Standardization of WCDMA--3GPP
IMS and
PLMN/PSTN/ISDN
circuit switch co-operate
Introduce IMS
HSDPA
Already been in business
Control and bearer separated
Introduce TD-SCDMA
Already been in business
Import Iu interface
MAX data rate:2Mb/s

MBMS
HSUPA

R6

R5

R4

R99

2000.3

2001.3

2002.6

2004.12
Funciton freeze time

Content
Evolution of Mobile Communications
Standardization Organizations of 3G
3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development
ZTE WCDMA Features

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

Comparison among 3G Modes


WCDMA

TD-SCDMA

CDMA2000

Channel
Bandwidth

5M*2

1.6M

1.25M*2

Chip Rate

3.84Mc/s

1.28Mc/s

1.228Mc/s

Duplex Mode

FDD

TDD

FDD

Frame Length

10ms

10ms (Sub-frame
5ms)

20ms

Channel Coding

Convolution Code,
Turbo Code

Convolution Code,
Turbo Code

Convolution Code,
Turbo Code

Modulation

QPSK/BPSK

QPSK/8PSK

Uplink: QPSK,
Downlink: BPSK

Power Control

Open loop + fast


closed loop

Open loop + closed


loop

Open loop + fast


closed loop

Power Control
Rate

1500 times/s

200 times/s

800 times/s

Synchronization
Mode of Base
Station

Synchronous/Asynchro
nous

Synchronous

Synchronous

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

WCDMA Grows Fast


233 3G/WCDMA networks launched in 93 countries; has 90% market share of
commercial 3G networks
204 3G/HSDPA networks launched. Over 90% of commercial WCDMA
networks have launched HSDPA,44 3G/HSUPA networks launched.
14.4 Mbps (peak) launched on HSDPA networks ,5.76 Mbps (peak)
launched on HSUPA networks .
2.53 WCDMA-HSDPA million subs (31 Jun. 2008)
3G/WCDMA user devices: over 1232 terminals announced. HSDPA
user devices: 659 products launched
Low price terminals have been a mass production. The under 100
USD UEs have been launched in the market

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

GSM subscribers forecast

The GSM subscribers have a durative increasing till 2009. Then later,
the trends will be pull down

In 2009, the GSM subs. Quantity will reach 2.7 billion

Asia and Latin America is the dominate increasing area. The subs. will
exceed 1.5 billion in 2010.

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

WCDMA subscribers forecast


Informal forecast (reference from GSA): in 3 years, WCDMA subs. will reach 500
million. There into, there will be 300 million in Europe, 150 million in Asia Pacific and
50 million in Africa/Americas/Middle East

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

Global mobile subscriber increasing


statistic
and
forecast
In the future 4 years (2007~2010), there are 1 billion potential
mobile subscriber
increasing
capability
globally. The WCDMA subscribers have 570 million new incoming

GSM/WCDMA increasing is much greater than cdma. GSM/WCDMA will be still in the dominate
position. cdma has the superiority in the WLL application.
K

2002

2003

626,370.1

791,082.3

991,973.8

1,288,462.4

1,692,791.4

28.2%

27.2

153.2

2,683.5

16,845.4

47,621.5

546.8%

CDMA

111,972.6

144,908.4

186,533.3

237,014.3

285,581.7

26.4%

others

205,551.4

209,865.5

206,693.8

181,119.7

142,937.8

-8.7%

Total K

943,921.3

1,146,009.4

1,387,884.4

1,723,441.7

2,168,932.3

23.1%

GSM
WCDMA

2006
GSM

2007

2008

2004

2009

2005

CAGR 20012005

2001

2010

CAGR 20062010

2,011,632.2

2,249,691.3

2,367,178.6

2,366,410.7

2,280,501.5

3.2%

WCDMA

102,465.2

189,301.7

319,045.6

487,221.7

668,018.7

59.8%

CDMA

353,774.1

400,529.9

439,510.0

470,239.9

490,534.3

8.5%

others

194,255.3

171,456.9

157,266.8

160,416.7

188,386.6

-0.8%

Total
K

2,662,126.8

3,010,979.8

3,283,001.0

3,484,289.0

3,627,441.1

8.0%

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

3G technical standards evolution

WCDMA as the enhanced technology to the voice + low/middle rate in


GSM/EDGE system, it will attract more middle/high end user

GSM/EDGE has a decreasing from 2008 when will be the WCDMA


as the market leader?
GSM/GPRS

EDGE,TDM
DL: 480kbps
CS+PS

WCDMA

HSDPA
DL: 14.4Mbps

MBMS

EDGE Ph2

Multicast
Broadcast

HSUPA/MBMS
5.76Mbps
Multicast
Broadcast

HSPA+
>40Mbps
RTD<20ms

LTE (Super 3G)


OFDM
FDD/TDD

2006
GSM

2007

2008
WCDMA

3GPP

2009

2010
LTE

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

3G technical standards evolution

WCDMA and WiMAX has the competition in the mobile high rate broadband access field. But there
are some complementarities in the mobile data solutions.

WiMAX has the superiority in high rate access of nomadic mode which has less mobility. WCDMA is
advanced in the data service seamless coverage with convenient mobility.

WCDMA

802.16e

802.16h

802.16m

DL: 75Mbps

DL: 75Mbps

> 100Mbps

HSDPA

HSUPA/MBMS

DL: 14.4Mbps

Multicast
Broadcast
UL: 5.76Mbps

HSPA+
>40Mbps
RTD<20ms

LTE (Super 3G)


OFDM
FDD/TDD

2006
WiMAX

2007

2008
WCDMA

2009

3GPP
2010

LTE

3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development

WCDMA standards evolution

R5 HSDPA has a mass commercial application. In the 233 3G networks, 204 have accomplished the
HSDPA network upgrading

R6 HSUPA standard has been confirmed and will be first commercialized in 2008

R7 standard is still under the developing. It will be confirmed in Sept. 2007 and be commercialized in
2009.

R8 version or named as LTE, will be confirmed in march 2008. the first pilot will be provided in 2010.

Content

Evolution of Mobile Communications


Standardization Organizations of 3G
3G Modes Compared and WCDMA development
ZTE WCDMA Features

ZTE WCDMA Features

ZTE 3G Total Solution


Service Platform
Management Platform

SS7

SCP

Sigtran

Service
Gateway

Service
Platform

Service
Portal

WAP Gateway

Internet

Core Network
MSC
Server

SGSN

MGW

GSM/GPRS
BSS

GGSN

HLR

PSTN/ISDN

RNC

RNC

UTRAN
Pico
Node B
RRU

Indoor
Micro
Node B
Outdoor
Micro
Node B

Indoor
Macro
Node B
Outdoor
Macro Node
B

Base Band Pool


RRU
RRU

RRU

RRU

ZTE WCDMA Features

Competitive 3G Solution Provider


HSDPA/GSM/WCDMA
HSDPA/GSM/WCDMA

TD-SCDMA
TD-SCDMA

Commercial system based

Full

on R99/R4/R5, one-stop

series

of

commercial

system

end to end solution

Leading solution with maturity

Commercial deployment in

and capability

global market

50%+ market share in China

Unified V3 IP
Platform
CDMA
CDMA 2000
2000

NGN
NGN
NGN
1 brand in China
Top

Top 1 brand in China


Deployed

in

over

60

countries, over 80M lines,

Global footprint
The

exclusive

vendor

of

22000 macro BTS and 8000

worlds largest NGN for China

micro BTS and RRU

Telecom.

ZTE WCDMA Features

GSMR4R5 Smooth Migration


ZTE WCDMA CN
R4
MSC Server

R5
CSCF
R5
MGCF

R5
MRFC

GSM
MSC
R4
MGW

HLR

GSM
Core Network

R4 Core Network

R5
IM-MGW

R5
MRFP

HSS

R5 IMS

R4 CN MSC Server/MGW can be easily upgraded to be IMS MGCF, IM-MGW and IM-MRFP; HLR
can be easily upgrade to be HSS.

Only few single board need change and software upgrade


Protect operators existing investment and provide flexibility

ZTE WCDMA Features

ZTE Mobile Networks Reference


NORWAY
ZTE

UKRAINE
ZTE

GEORGIA KAZAKHSTAN

ALGERIA

ZTE

COLOMBIA

ZTE

BENIN

ZTE

BRAZIL

ZTE GSM

ZTE

ZTE

ZTE
ZTE

EGYPT

SAUDI ARABIA
ETHIOPIA
CONGO
ZTE

ZAMBIA
ZTE
ZTE

ZTE
ZTE
SOMALIA

SOMALIA

ZTE

ZTE
ZTE

ZTE ZTE

CHINA

ZTE

PAKISTAN
ZTE
ZTE INDIA

CHILEARGENTINA

ZTE UMTS

ZTE

ZTE

VIETNAM

ZTE

Sri Lanka

KENYA

ZTE
ZTE ZTE

INDONESIA
EAST TIMOR
ZTE

ZTE

ZTE

ZTE CDMA

ZTE

NIGERIA
ZTE

ZTE

KUWAIT

NIGER

ZTE

PERU

ZTE
ZTE
UZBEKISTAN
ZTE
TAJIKISTAN
ZTE
ZTE
ZTE
ZTE

ZTE

ZTE

ZTE
RUSSIA
ZTE

GSM/GPRS: used in over 35 countries, total capacity more than 70 million lines
CDMA2000: used in over 60 countries, total capacity more than 50 million lines
WCDMA: used in over 20 countries

ZTE WCDMA Features

ZTEs WCDMA
Worldwide Application, world-class Quality
ZTEs WCDMA commercial system has successfully

Country

Operator

Network Mode

Libya

Libyana

GSM/WCDMA

Tajikistan

Indigo

GSM/WCDMA

Estonia

Bravocom

WCDMA

Ethiopia

ETC

GSM/WCDMA

hybrid network and various network constructions on the

Nepal

NTC

GSM/WCDMA

basis of R99 or R4 version.

Estonia, Ethiopia, Nepal, Tajikistan. In the expansion of


oversea market, with ZTEs V3 series commercial
system, we successfully set up the solo network, 2G/3G

Tu
n is

a
ni
o
t
Es

Taj
iki

launched on nearly 20 countries including Libya, Tunis,

ZTE
stan

l
pa
Ne

ZTE WCDMA Features

Libya
Large Scale Commercial Application

one of the few profitable


WCDMA large Scale networks

Libya
Libya

Network Scale
Phase: 1.8 Million line GSM/WCDMA core network,
adopted ZTEs WCDMA V3 platforms, finished at the end
of 2005.
Phase: 1 million line WCDMA, covering the Capital,
Tripoli and the other 14 main cities, can serve 90% of the
population in Libya.
Fast growth of subscriber: The number of subscribers

Speciality
R4 architecture; GSM and WCDMA hybrid network;
support 2G/3G handover and roaming
Both Pre-paid and Post-paid are available
Thousands of dual mode mobile subscribers can
smoothly migrate to 3G network
Within 3 months, finished the construction and
optimization of 1 M lines 3G network
HSDPA

broke through 300,000 at the end of 2006 .

HSPA+

in scale application, smoothly evolve to

ZTE WCDMA Features

Tajikistan
The Largest WCDMA Application in Middle Asia

PSTN

ZXWN
MSC Server

ZXWN GGSN(10k)

Internet
Existing GSM
MSC

ZXWN SGSN
ZXWN MGW

ZTE built up the commercial WCDMA network

Link
ZXWN HLR

in the capital Dushanbe and the second largest

Data Link

city Khujand. 3G Subscriber can easily roam


between the two cities and inter-work with the

Traffic

ZXWR RNC
ZXWR Node B

2G or fixed line network.


2G and 3G share the same core network with

Dushanbe
ZXWR Node B

150,000 capacity.

Khujand

ZTE WCDMA Features

Nepal
First WCDMA application in Southern Asia
NTC Nepal Telecom is the only one operator in Nepal
that offer a full service of fixed telephone, broadband, mobile
services and etc.
750,000 lines of NTCs GSM network is provided by ZTE,
which covers Katmandu, the capital of Nepal and the number
of the subscribers is more than 250,000.

Watching World-cup 2006 on live through 3G


Network scale
UTRAN: 100,000 WCDMA subscribers, covering 90% area of the
capital
CN: 200,000 lines all based on R4

Network Features
The same PLMN networking mode, cell re-selection achieves
2G/3G roaming.
High speed data rate service is available for visitors.

ZTE WCDMA Features

Brunei
Excellent KPI Network
Brunei, is the third biggest oil product country
in southeast-asia and the fourth biggest natural
gas product country in the world.

DST, is the biggest mobile operator in Brunei

In Oct.31, 2005, ZTEs WCDMA network at Brunei successfully passed the DSTs radio
performance and service test. It began to offer wholly 3G service and achieve 2G/3G
access.

With only half of the schedule, ZTE finished the network construction and optimization, DST
highly commented ZTEs efficiency in network construction we are very satisfied with the
speed and the good quality.

ZTE achieved the theoretical maximum value in the online single cell test.

ZTE WCDMA Features

Tunis
Widely Recognized in High Value

The World Summit on the Information


Society (WSIS) was convened in Tunisia
ZTE gave a great and complete

during Nov.16th 18th, 2005

support to the communication


system of the WSIS.
In this summit, the government
leaders, guests and visitors of
more than 70 countries enjoyed
the good services in voice, data
and multimedia by WCDMA
network which was constructed by
ZTE.

Tunisia

ZTE WCDMA Features

ZTE WCDMA Latest Applications

For TM and Dialog, ZTE got


UMTS contract in Sri Lanka
in Apr 2007.

As to Etisalat, ZTE UMTS


products have been deployed
near Abu for commercial trial
in Nov 2006.

In Ethiopia, ZTE got a 15


million lines GSM/UMTS
contract in Mar 2007, and will
be the sole vender of the
whole network in future 3
years.

Exercise

What is the meaning of IMT2000?

3GPP is responsible for (

)and (

) standardization

evolution, and 3gpp2 is responsible for (

Duplex mode include (

) and (

pls describe the evolution of WCDMA.

).

).