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OBJECTIVES OF

PROCESS
CONTROL

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF PROCESS


CONTROL
The primary objective of process control
is to maintain the process at desired
operating conditions safely and efficiently
while satisfying environmental and product
quality requirements.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

1.Safety
The safety of people in the plant and in the
surrounding community is of paramount
importance.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

2. Environmental Protection
The process must have the capacity to
convert potentially toxic components to
benign material.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

3. Equipment Protection
Operating conditions must be maintained
within bounds to prevent damage.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

4. Smooth Operation and


Production Rate
The smooth operation of a process is
desirable, because it results in few
disturbances to all integrated units.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

5. Product Quality
The final products from the plant must
meet demanding quality specifications set by
purchasers.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

6. Profit
Naturally, the typical goal of the plant is to
return a profit.

CATEGORIES OF CONTROL OBJECTIVES

7. Monitoring and Diagnosis


Two sets of people perform two different functions:
(1) the immediate safety and operation of the
plant, usually monitored by plant operators, and
(2) the long-term plant performance analysis,
monitored by supervisors and engineers.

All seven categories of control


objectives must be achieved
simultaneously; failure to do so
leads to unprofitable or, worse,
dangerous plant operation.

SUMMARY
Control Objectives
1.

Safety

2. Environmental Protection
3. Equipment Protection
4. Smooth Operation and Production Rate
5. Product Quality
6. Profit
7. Monitoring and Diagnosis