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Science

Investigatory
Project
(SIP)

SIP
Science Investigatory Project
Doing an investigatory project considers as a
major achievement of any students in Science.
Through scientific investigation, they learn how to
apply the acquired knowledge, scientific
concepts, theories, principles and laws of nature.
They can use their higher-order process or
thinking skills in conducting a research

Parts of the Science Investigatory


Project
1. Title
2. Abstract
3. Chapter 1
3.1 Introduction and Its Background
3.2 Statement of the Problem
3.3 Formulation of the Hypothesis
3.4 Significant of the Study
3.5 Scope and Delimitation of the Study
3.6 Definition of Terms
4. Chapter II
4.1Review of Related Literature and Studies
4.2Related Literature

Parts of the Science Investigatory Project


5. Chapter III (Methodology)
5.1 The Subject of the Study
5.2The Procedure
5.3The Statistical Treatment
6. Chapter IV
(Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data)
Data, Analysis and Interpretation of Data
6.2Results
7. Chapter V
7.1Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
7.2 Summary
7.3 Conclusion
7.4 Recommendation

6.1Presentation of

Title
The Title should be clear and precise. It has an
objective or purpose. It should not be written too
long or too short. By just reading the title, you
can determine what the investigative study is all
about.
Abstract
The Abstract should be one or two paragraphs
only. It includes your research problems, the
method or procedure that you used and the
findings or conclusion of the study.

Chapter 1
1. Introduction and Its Background
The Introduction is about one page only wherein it
includes the background of the study and its
rationale. It usually leads into the research problem.
2. Statement of the Problem
The Statement of the Problem has two categories
namely: the general problem and specific problems.
Usually, one general problem and three specific
problems which derived from the general problem.
The research problems should be specific, reliable,
valid, measurable, objectively stated. It can be a
question form or in a declarative statement.

3. Formulation of the Hypothesis


The Formulation of the Hypothesis has two types
namely: the null hypothesis and affirmative
hypothesis. Hypotheses is a scientific guess
which intends subject for thorough investigation.
It is recommended to use null hypothesis in your
research project.
4. Significant of the Study
The Significant of the Study indicates how
important is your investigatory project for the
people, environment and community as a whole.
It is really relevant in the changing world or
global impact into the field of technology

5. Scope and Delimitation of the Study


The Scope and Delimitation of the Study covers
the range of your research. It includes the period
of research, the materials and equipment to be
used, the subject of the study or the sample of the
study, the procedure and the statistical treatment
to be used.
6. Definition of Terms
The Definition of Terms has two types: the
Dictionary-derived definitions and the Operational
definitions which derived from how these terms
were used in your research.

Chapter II
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Related Literature
The Related Literature are statements taken from
science books, journals, magazines, newspapers and
any documents from authorized scientists, Science
experts or well-known Science agencies. These
statements can support your study through their
concepts, theories, principles and laws. Footnoting is
important on this part.
Related Studies
The Related Studies are those researches which may be
local and foreign studies who can attribute to your
research or can support your investigation scientifically.
Footnoting is also important on this part.

Chapter III
Methodologyhas several parts namely: the subject of the study,
the procedure and the statistical treatment
1. The Subject of the Study
The Subject of the Study includes your population and the
sample. It applies the sampling techniques to obtain a good
sample of the study. Your sample should be valid and reliable.
2. The Procedure
The Procedure is the step by step and systematic process of
doing your research. It includes the materials with right amount
of measurements, the appropriate equipment to be used in doing
the scientific investigation. It consists of several trials with
control variables, independent variables and dependent
variables. Gathering of data is essential in any kind of research.
It is recommended to use control and experimental set-ups to
arrive at valid conclusion.

3. The Statistical Treatment


The Statistical Treatment comes in various ways.
It can be mean, median, mode, percentage, Chisquare, standard deviation, T-test, Pearson r,
Spearman rank or Anova I or Anova II. It is
recommended to use T-test in any experimental
research.

Chapter IV
Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of
Data
1. Presentation of Data, Analysis and
Interpretation of Data
2. Results
Results show the findings or outcomes of your
investigation. The result must be based according
to the interpreted data.

Chapter V
Summary, Conclusion and
Recommendation
1. Summary
The Summary briefly summarizes your research from Chapter
I to Chapter IV which includes the research problems,
methodology and findings. It consists of one or two
paragraphs only.
2. Conclusion
The Conclusion is the direct statement based on findings or
results. It should answer your hypothesis and research
problems.
3. Recommendation
The Recommendation is given based on your conclusion. You
may give few recommendations which you think can help the
fellow Science students, researchers, consumers or the entire
community where people live in.