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What is Heavy Equipment?

Any machine w/ engine or electric


motor as prime mover;
Used either for lifting, excavating, leveling, drilling,
compacting, transporting & breaking works in
construction site;
Such as but not limited to crane, bulldozer, backhoe,
grader, road compactor, prime mover & trailer, w/ min.
operating weight & horsepower rating of 1,000 Kg. & 10
HP. respectively.

BULLDOZER
Machinery for leveling, earth moving & clearing.

MOTOR GRADER
Leveling aggregates, grading wide expanses,
preparing roadbeds for the laying of pavement.

roads,

EXCAVATOR
Used for excavation & loading work by an extendible working
device & rotating function, while the main body of the
machine itself generally remains stationary.

WHEEL LOADER
Used for scooping & loading excavated dirt & rocks, & can
also be used for carrying loads for short distances.

COMPACTOR W/ SHEEP FOOT


ATTACHMENT
Used for compacting work such as roads, road fills, river dikes,
dams, & foundations.

DUMPTRUCKS
Used for hauling excavated dirt & rocks.

Government Requirement
DOLE Order #13:

Section 10: Safety on Construction Heavy Equipment


10.1.b: All heavy equipment must be tested & certified by DOLE
prior to commissioning
10.2.4.a: Only duly certified operator shall be allowed to operate

Accidents by Causes
Poor techniques (insufficient training) - 35%
Insufficient guiding & signaling - 14.1%
Improper use (not for the designated purpose) 11.3%
Insufficient measures to keep out
the hazardous area - 7.6%
Management faults - 5.8%
Insufficient inspection & maintenance - 4.7%
Others - 21.5%

Why is SAFETY important to YOU?


3 BIG REASONS:
ACCIDENTS DISABLE AND KILL
ACCIDENTS COST
ACCIDENTS CAN BE AVOIDED

Measures to Secure SAFETY in


Using Construction Machinery
A) Full Understanding of Machine
Conditions and Maintenance
B) Safe Operations
C) Safety Management
at Work Sites

A) Full Understanding of Machine


Conditions and Maintenance
A.1) General Procedures
Do not perform any work on a machine unless you are
authorized and qualified to do so.
Read the manufacturers service and operators manuals.

Attach a DO NOT OPERATE tag or similar warning tag


before performing maintenance.

A.2) Prepare the Work Area


Choose a clean level work area.

Make certain there is adequate


light and ventilation.

Clean the walking and working


surfaces.

A.3) Prepare Yourself


Wear all the protective clothing
the job requires.
Safety glasses, goggles or a face
shield are always needed for eye
protection.
Wear gloves and safety shoes
when handling wooden blocks,
wire rope or sharp-edged metal.

A.4) Daily Checks Before the


Start of Operations

Brakes and clutches


Safety devices
Fuel and engine oil
Water
Air tanks
Operators cab
Gauges and other
controls

Daily inspections are conducted mainly by operators.

STEERING

FOOT BRAKES & PARKING BRAKES

LEAKS
Look for leaks. Brake fluid, transmission oil, radiator coolant, battery acid
(electrolyte), or fuel can leak from your forklift truck.
DONT DRIVE A TRUCK WITH A LEAK!
Call maintenance immediately.

HYDRAULIC HOSES
Visually examine the
hydraulic hoses and
connections. Look to
make sure the hoses are
in good condition. Check
for leaks around fittings
and connecting points.

HYDRAULIC CONTROLS

B) Safe Operations
B.1) Conforming Safety BEFORE Work

Operations by
qualified personnel

TESDA
Certified

B.2) Wearing safe clothing


and protective equipment

Hard hat
Safety shoes
Safety glasses, goggles or
face shield
Gloves
Hearing protection
Reflective clothing
Respirator or filter mask

B.3) Knowing the working area


Location of slopes
Open trenches
Drop-offs or overhangs
Soil conditions
Rocks and stumps
Exact location of any
buried
and/or overhead electrical, gas,
telephone, water, sewer, or other
utilities.

B.4) Meeting with others


involved to organize work
arrangements

B.5) Precautions in getting


in and out of machines

Maintain a 3 point contact.


Face the machine when
either mounting or
dismounting.
Never jump on or off the
machine.

B.6) Conforming Safety AFTER Work


* Filling fuel tank
Stop the engine
Do not refuel near
open fires
No smoking
Conduct tank-filling
operations outdoors

REFUELING
1. Turn off the engine and any lights that may be burning on the heavy equipment.
2. Do not smoke! Make sure there are no open flames near your heavy equipment.
3. Be sure there is contact between the spout and the fill pipe before pumping.
4. Try not to spill any fuel. If you do, clean it up.
5. If you must use a can to refuel, ensure its an approved container for fuels.

B.7) Parking places


Park on flat surfaces
that offer a solid
foundation.
Do not park at a site
where mudslides may
occur.
Lower the bucket to the
ground.

B.8) Precautions in leaving


the operators cab

Stop the machine.


Lower the working device to the ground.
Discharge any remaining pressure.
Move operating levers to neutral.
Stop the engine and remove the ignition key.
Lock the door.

Remember, it's your heavy equipment. Never let


unauthorized personnel use it, and always remove the key
when you have to leave your heavy equipment unattended.

C) Safety Management
at Work Sites

C.1) Organization for


management
Appointment of
safety
officer
construction sites.

at

safety

C.2) Work qualifications


and education

Skills training courses


Safety and health education

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THANK YOU